★ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 118



                                               

Frontal lobe

                                               

Association fiber

Association fibers of axons that connect the region of the cerebral cortex within the same hemisphere of the brain. In human neuroanatomy, the axons of nerve fibers in the brain, can be classified on the basis of their course and connections of t ...

                                               

Corona radiata

In neuroanatomy, the corona radiata is a white matter sheet that continues ventrally as the internal capsule and dorsally as the Centrum semiovale. This sheet as ascending and descending axons carries a large part of the neural traffic from and t ...

                                               

Corpus callosum

Corpus callosum, callosal also adhesions, wide, thick neural pathways, consisting of a flat bundle of commissural fibers from the cerebral cortex in the brain. The corpus callosum is only in placental mammals. It covers part of the longitudinal f ...

                                               

Inferior longitudinal fasciculus

The lower longitudinal beam is traditionally considered one of the main occipitotemporal Association paths. It connects the anterior temporal lobe and extrastriate cortex of the occipital lobe, running along the lateral and lower wall of the late ...

                                               

Uncinate fasciculus

Hooked on a bundle is a white matter Association tract in the human brain that connects parts of the limbic system such as the parahippocampus and the amygdala in the temporal lobe with areas of the frontal lobe such as the orbitofrontal cortex. ...

                                               

Vertical occipital fasciculus

The vertical occipital bundle is a bundle of white material vertically at the rear of the brain. It is found at least in primates. "It is the only major fiber bundle connecting dorsolateral and ventrolateral visual cortex".

                                               

Corpus callosum

                                               

Subcommissural organ

The subcommissural organ is one of the circumventricular organs of the brain. This is a small glandular structure that is at the rear of the third ventricle near the entrance of the cerebral aqueduct. The name of the SCO comes from its location u ...

                                               

Subthalamus

                                               

Thalamencephalon

                                               

Thalamus

                                               

Angular gyrus

The angular gyrus is the area of the brain lying mostly in the anterolateral part of the parietal lobe, that lies near the upper edge of the temporal lobe, and immediately posterior to the transcendent gyrus. Its significance lies in the transfer ...

                                               

Cuneus

In less than the proportion of cuneus in the occipital lobe of the brain. In limited cuneus anterior to the parieto-occipital sulcus, inferiorly from the calcarine sulcus. Area 17 brodman the cuneus receives visual information from one-sided, gre ...

                                               

Dentate gyrus

Dentate gyrus is part of hippocampal formation in the temporal lobe, which includes hippocampus and subiculum. Dentate gyrus is part of hippocampal trisynaptic circuit and is believed to promote the formation of new episodic memories, the spontan ...

                                               

Fusiform gyrus

The fusiform gyrus, also known as the lateral occipitotemporal gyrus, is part of the temporal lobe and occipital lobe in the region of Brodman 37. The fusiform gyrus is located between the lingual gyrus and parahippocampal gyrus above and the inf ...

                                               

Inferior frontal gyrus

Inferior frontal gyrus, is lowest, is located gyrus of the frontal gyrus in the frontal lobe and prefrontal cortex. Its superior border is the inferior frontal sulcus, which separates it from the middle frontal gyrus, its lower boundary is the la ...

                                               

Inferior temporal gyrus

Inferior temporal gyrus is one of three gyri of the temporal lobe is located below the middle temporal gyrus is connected behind with the lower occipital gyrus, it also extends around the infero-lateral border on the lower surface of the temporal ...

                                               

Lingual gyrus

Lingual gyrus, also known as the medial occipitotemporal gyrus is a brain structure associated with processing vision, especially related to letters. It is believed to play a role in analysis of logical conditions and encoding visual memories. It ...

                                               

Middle frontal gyrus

The middle frontal gyrus makes up about one-third of the frontal lobe of the human brain. The middle frontal gyrus, and inferior frontal gyrus and the frontal gyrus, more in the region of the frontal gyrus than gyrus. The boundaries of the middle ...

                                               

Middle temporal gyrus

Middle temporal gyrus is a gyrus in the brain, in the temporal lobe. Located between superior temporal gyrus and inferior temporal gyrus. Middle temporal gyrus is limited: The superior temporal sulcus above. Inferior temporal sulcus below. An ima ...

                                               

Orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus

Orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus, also known as the orbital part is the orbital part of the inferior frontal gyrus. In humans, this region is bordered triangular part of the inferior frontal gyrus Pars triangularis and around the front hori ...

                                               

Paracentral lobule

Paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the hemisphere, and is a continuation of the precentral and postcentral gyri. Paracentral lobule controls motor and sensory innervations of the contralateral lower extremity. It is also responsible for ...

                                               

Parahippocampal gyrus

In the parahippocampal gyrus gray matter cortex region of the brain that surrounds the hippocampus is part of limbic system. The region plays an important role in memory encoding and retrieval. He was involved in some cases of hippocampal scleros ...

                                               

Posterior cingulate cortex

The rear cortex of the cingulate gyrus is the caudal part of the cingulate cortex, located posterior to the anterior cingulate. This is the top part of the "limbic share." In the cingulate cortex consists of the area around the midline of the bra ...

                                               

Precentral gyrus

The precentral gyrus is a prominent gyrus on the surface of the posterior frontal lobe of the brain. It is the site of the primary motor cortex, which in humans, is a cytoarchitecturally defined area of Bradman 4.

                                               

Precuneus

In preclini is the site of parietal superior lobule on the medial surface of each hemisphere of the brain. It is located in front of the cuneus. In preclini limited front marginal branch of cingulate sulcus, in the posterior sulcus parieto-occipi ...

                                               

Superior frontal gyrus

Superior frontal gyrus the marginal gyrus, is about one-third of the frontal lobe of the human brain. It is limited laterally by the superior frontal sulcus. Superior frontal gyrus is one of the frontal convolutions.

                                               

Superior temporal gyrus

Superior temporal gyrus is one of three gyri in the temporal lobe of the human brain, which is located on the side of the head, situated somewhat above the external ear. The superior temporal gyrus bounded: The superior temporal sulcus is not alw ...

                                               

Supramarginal gyrus

Exorbitant gyrus is part of the parietal lobe. This area of the brain also known as the zone of Brodman 40 based on the universal use of the brain map is created. Corbinian of Bradman to define the structure of the cerebral cortex. This is probab ...

                                               

Transverse temporal gyrus

Transverse temporal gyrus, also called Heschls convolutions and convolutions Heschls several convolutions in the region of primary auditory cortex hidden in the depths of the lateral sulcus of the human brain, occupying the area of Brodman 41 and ...

                                               

Lunate sulcus

In brain anatomy, the lunate sulcus or simian sulcus is also known as the lunar sulcus fissure in the occipital lobe variably found in the human body and often more, in the presence of monkeys and apes. The lunate sulcus marks the transition betw ...

                                               

Intraparietal sulcus

In the intraparietal sulcus located on the lateral surface of the parietal lobe of the brain, and consists of an inclined and horizontal parts. IPS contains a series of functionally distinct subregions that have been intensively investigated usin ...

                                               

Inferior temporal sulcus

On the lower surface of the temporal lobe is concave, and is continuous posteriorly with the tentorial surface of the occipital lobe. It is traversed by the lower temporal sulcus, which extends from the occipital pole behind, a short walk from th ...

                                               

Superior temporal sulcus

The superior temporal sulcus is the sulcus separating the superior temporal gyrus from the middle temporal gyrus in the temporal lobe of the brain. The superior temporal sulcus is the First sulcus inferior to the lateral fissure. Studies show, th ...

                                               

Subparietal sulcus

In subparietal sulcus or suprasplenial furrow in furrow or crevice, on the medial surface of each hemisphere of the brain, above the splenium of the corpus callosum. It separates breakline from the rear of the cingulate gyrus. This is a rear cont ...

                                               

Basal forebrain

Structures of the basal forebrain are located in the forebrain at the front and below the striatum. These include the ventral ganglia, nucleus basalis, diagonal band of Broca, the substantia innominata, and nucleus of the medial septum. These str ...

                                               

Internal capsule

The internal capsule is a white matter structure situated in the inferomedial part of each cerebral hemisphere of the brain. It carries information about the past the basal ganglia, separating the caudate nucleus and the thalamus from the putamen ...

                                               

Hippocampal sulcus

The hippocampal sulcus, also known as the hippocampal fissure, is a sulcus that separates the dentate gyrus from the subiculum and field CA1 of the hippocampus.

                                               

Lateral sulcus

The lateral sulcus is one of the most characteristic features of the human brain. The lateral sulcus is a deep fissure in each hemisphere that separates the frontal and parietal lobes from the temporal. The insular cortex lies deep within the lat ...

                                               

Mid-fusiform sulcus

In the mid-fusiform sulcus is a shallow sulcus dividing the fusiform gyrus in the lateral and medial septum. Functionally divides the MFS as a large-scale functional maps and defines small-scale functional areas such as the anterior part of the f ...

                                               

Central diabetes insipidus

Central diabetes insipidus, also called neurogenic diabetes insipidus, type of diabetes insipidus, due lack vasopressin production in the brain. Vasopressin acts to increase blood volume and decrease the volume of urine produced. Consequently, th ...

                                               

Hypothalamic disease

Hypothalamic disease is a disorder presenting primarily in the hypothalamus, which can be caused damage resulting malnutrition, including anorexia and bulimia eating disorders, genetic disorders, radiation, surgery, head trauma, injury, tumors or ...

                                               

Hyperpituitarism

Hyperpituitarism is a condition due to primary hypersecretion of pituitary hormones, as a rule, is the result of a pituitary adenoma. In children with hyperpituitarism, a violation of the regulation of growth is rare, either because of hormone hy ...

                                               

Hypoprolactinemia

Hypoprolactinemia is associated with ovarian dysfunction in women, men, metabolic syndrome, symptoms of anxiety, arteriogenic erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, oligozoospermia low concentration of sperm in semen, asthenospermia decreas ...

                                               

Pituitary apoplexy

Pituitary apoplexy is bleeding into or impaired blood supply of the pituitary gland. This usually occurs when there is a tumor of the pituitary, although in 80% of cases this was not previously diagnosed. Most often the initial symptom is a sudde ...

                                               

Cerebellothalamic tract

Cerebellothalamic tract or tractus cerebellothalamicus is part of the superior cerebellar peduncle. It originates in the cerebellum, crosses completely in the decussation in the superior cerebellar peduncle, bypasses the red nucleus, and ends in ...

                                               

Mossy fiber (cerebellum)

Mossy fibers are one of the main inputs to the cerebellum. There are many sources of this pathway, the largest of which is the cerebral cortex, which sends input to the cerebellum via the pontocerebellar way. Other participants include the vestib ...

                                               

Basolateral amygdala

Basolateral amygdala or basolateral complex consists of the lateral, basal and accessory-basal nuclei of the amygdala. The lateral nuclei receives a large part of sensory information, which arrives directly from temporal lobe structures including ...

                                               

Intercalated cells of the amygdala

In intercalated cells of the amygdala is a group of GABAergic neurons situated between the basolateral and Central nuclei amygdala that are important for inhibitory control over the amygdala.

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →