ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 379



                                               

Tetrabiblos

Tetrabiblos four books, also known in Greek as Apotelesmatika "Effects", and in Latin as Quadripartitum "Four Parts", is a text on the philosophy and practice of astrology, written in the 2nd century AD by the Alexandrian scholar Claudius Ptolemy ...

                                               

Tibet House US

Tibet House US is a Tibetan cultural preservation and education nonprofit founded in 1987 in New York City by a group of Westerners after the Fourteenth Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, had expressed his wish to establish a cultural institution to buil ...

                                               

Transculturalism

Transculturalism is defined as "seeing oneself in the other". Transcultural is in turn described as "extending through all human cultures" or "involving, encompassing, or combining elements of more than one culture".

                                               

Trompenaars' model of national culture differences

Trompenaars model of national culture differences is a framework for cross-cultural communication applied to general business and management, developed by Fons Trompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner. This involved a large-scale survey of 8.841 ma ...

                                               

Turkology

Turkology is a complex of humanities sciences studying languages, history, literature, folklore, culture, and ethnology of people speaking Turkic languages and Turkic peoples in chronological and comparative context. This includes ethnic groups f ...

                                               

Uncertainty management theory

Uncertainty management theory, developed by Dale Brashers, addresses the concept of uncertainty management. Several theories have been developed in an attempt to define uncertainty, identify its effects and establish strategies for managing it. U ...

                                               

Urban acupuncture

Urban acupuncture is a socio-environmental theory that combines contemporary urban design with traditional Chinese acupuncture, using small-scale interventions to transform the larger urban context. Sites are selected through analysis of aggregat ...

                                               

Values (heritage)

The values embodied in cultural heritage are identified in order to assess significance, prioritize resources, and inform conservation decision-making. It is recognised that values may compete and change over time, and that heritage may have diff ...

                                               

Visual culture

Visual culture is the aspect of culture expressed in visual images. Many academic fields study this subject, including cultural studies, art history, critical theory, philosophy, media studies, Deaf Studies and anthropology. The field of visual c ...

                                               

Vortextuality

Vortextuality is a concept developed in the work of Garry Whannel, an academic thinker working in the area of the cultural analysis of media sport. Whannel uses this concept in his work to analyse and account for the ways in which some news stori ...

                                               

Women warriors in literature and culture

The portrayal of women warriors in literature and popular culture is a subject of study in history, literary studies, film studies, folklore history, and mythology. The archetypal figure of the woman warrior is an example of a normal thing that h ...

                                               

Culture-bound syndrome

In medicine and medical anthropology, a culture-bound syndrome, culture-specific syndrome, or folk illness is a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease only within a specific society or cul ...

                                               

Amafufunyana

Amafufunyana is an unspecified "culture-bound" syndrome named by the traditional healers of the Xhosa people that relates to claims of demonic possession due to members of the Xhosa people exhibiting aberrant behavior and psychological concerns. ...

                                               

Anorexia mirabilis

Anorexia mirabilis, also known as holy anorexia or inedia prodigiosa or colloquially as fasting girls, is an eating disorder, similar to that of anorexia nervosa, that was common, but not restricted to the Middle Ages in Europe, largely affecting ...

                                               

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder, characterized by low weight, food restriction, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin. Many people with anorexia see themselves as overweight even thou ...

                                               

Ataque de nervios

Ataque de nervios is a psychological syndrome mostly associated, in the United States, with Spanish-speaking people from the Caribbean, although commonly identified among all Iberian-descended cultures. Ataque de nervios translates into English a ...

                                               

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, previously known as selective eating disorder, is a type of eating disorder in which people eat only within an extremely narrow repertoire of foods. This avoidance may be based on appearance, smell, tast ...

                                               

Bouffee delirante

Bouffee delirante is a culture-bound syndrome in West Africa and Haiti of a sudden outburst of aggression, confusion and psychomotor excitement, possibly including visual or auditory hallucinations and paranoia.

                                               

Brain fag syndrome

Brain fag syndrome describes a set of symptoms: somatic, sleep-related and cognitive complaints, difficulty in concentrating and retaining information, head and neck pains, and eye pain. The condition was first described in Nigerian high school a ...

                                               

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa, also known as simply bulimia, is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging. Binge eating refers to eating a large amount of food in a short amount of time. Purging refers to the attempts to get rid of t ...

                                               

Bullerby Syndrome

The Bullerby Syndrome is a term referring to an idealization of Sweden, which may occur in German-speaking Europe. It consists of a stereotype image of Sweden with usually positive associations, including wooden houses, clear lakes, green forests ...

                                               

Couvade syndrome

Couvade syndrome, also called sympathetic pregnancy, is a proposed condition in which a partner experiences some of the same symptoms and behavior as an expectant mother. These most often include major weight gain, altered hormone levels, morning ...

                                               

Daughter from California syndrome

"Daughter from California" syndrome is a phrase used in the medical profession to describe a situation in which a long-lost relative arrives at the hospital at which a dying elderly relative is being treated, and insists that the medical team pur ...

                                               

Dhat syndrome

Dhat syndrome is a condition found in the cultures of South Asia in which male patients report that they suffer from premature ejaculation or impotence, and believe that they are passing semen in their urine. The condition has no known organic ca ...

                                               

Dorian Gray syndrome

Dorian Gray syndrome denotes a cultural and societal phenomenon characterized by a mans extreme pride in his personal appearance and the fitness of his physique, which is accompanied by difficulties in coping with the requirements of psychologica ...

                                               

Exercise bulimia

Exercise bulimia is a subset of the psychological disorder called bulimia in which a person is compelled to exercise in an effort aimed at burning the calories of food energy and fat reserves to an excessive level that negatively affects their he ...

                                               

Falling-out

Falling-out is a culture-bound syndrome primarily reported in the southern United States and the Caribbean. It is described as a constricted consciousness as a psychological response to anxiety and specific stressors. Sudden collapse characterize ...

                                               

Ghost sickness

Ghost sickness is a cultural belief among some traditional indigenous peoples in North America, notably the Navajo, and some Muscogee and Plains cultures, as well as among Polynesian peoples. People who are preoccupied and/or consumed by the dece ...

                                               

Glass delusion

The glass delusion is an external manifestation of a psychiatric disorder recorded in Europe mainly in the late Middle Ages and early modern period. People feared that they were made of glass "and therefore likely to shatter into pieces". One fam ...

                                               

Grisi siknis

Grisi siknis is a contagious, culture-bound syndrome that occurs predominantly among the Miskito People of eastern Central America and affects mainly young women. It is also known as "grisi munaia", "Chipil siknis" and "Nil siknis". More recently ...

                                               

Hi-wa itck

Hi-wa itck is a tradition concerning lovesickness mostly associated with the Mohave American Indians. This syndrome is associated with the separation of a loved one with symptoms including insomnia, depression, loss of appetite, and possibly suic ...

                                               

Hwabyeong

Hwabyeong or Hwabyung is a somatization disorder, a mental illness which arises when people are unable to confront their anger as a result of conditions which they perceive to be unfair. Hwabyung is a colloquial and somewhat inaccurate name, as i ...

                                               

Hypergymnasia

Anorexia athletica, also referred to as hypergymnasia, is an eating disorder characterized by excessive and compulsive exercise. An athlete suffering from sports anorexia tends to over exercise to give themselves a sense of having control over th ...

                                               

Jerusalem syndrome

Jerusalem syndrome is a group of mental phenomena involving the presence of religiously-themed obsessive ideas, delusions, or other psychosis-like experiences that are triggered by a visit to the city of Jerusalem. It is not endemic to one single ...

                                               

Jumping Frenchmen of Maine

The Jumping Frenchmen of Maine were a group of 19th-century lumberjacks who exhibited a rare disorder of unknown origin. The syndrome entails an exaggerated startle reflex which may be described as an uncontrollable "jump"; individuals with this ...

                                               

Juramentado

Juramentado, in Philippine history, refers to a male Moro swordsman who attacked and killed targeted occupying and invading police and soldiers, expecting to be killed himself, the martyrdom undertaken as a form of jihad, considered a form of sui ...

                                               

Karoshi

Karoshi, which can be translated literally as "overwork death" in Japanese, is occupational sudden mortality. The major medical causes of karoshi deaths are heart attack and stroke due to stress and a starvation diet. This phenomenon is also wide ...

                                               

Kayak angst

Kayak angst or nangierneq is a condition likened to a panic attack which has historically been associated with the Inuit people of Greenland. It has specifically been described as an episode of intense anxiety amongst seal hunters fishing on one- ...

                                               

Koro (medicine)

Koro is a culture-bound syndrome delusional disorder in which an individual has an overpowering belief that ones sex organs are retracting and will disappear, despite the lack of any true longstanding changes to the genitals. Koro is also known a ...

                                               

Latah

Latah, from Southeast Asia, is a condition in which abnormal behaviors result from a person experiencing a sudden shock. When surprised, the affected person typically engages in such behaviors as screaming, cursing, dance movements, and uncontrol ...

                                               

Little emperor syndrome

The little emperor syndrome is an aspect/view of Mainland Chinas one-child policy where children of modern upper class and wealthier Chinese families gain seemingly excessive amounts of attention from their parents and grandparents. Combined with ...

                                               

Locura

Locura, which translates to "madness" in Spanish, is a mental disorder characterized as severe chronic psychosis. The term refers to a culture-bound syndrome, found mostly in Latin America and Latin Americans in the United States. Also referred t ...

                                               

Clinical lycanthropy

Clinical lycanthropy is defined as a rare psychiatric syndrome that involves a delusion that the affected person can transform into, has transformed into, or is, an animal. Its name is associated with the mythical condition of lycanthropy, a supe ...

                                               

Medical students' disease

Medical students disease is a condition frequently reported in medical students, who perceive themselves to be experiencing the symptoms of a disease that they are studying. The condition is associated with the fear of contracting the disease in ...

                                               

Muscle dysmorphia

Muscle dysmorphia is a subtype of the obsessive mental disorder body dysmorphic disorder, but is often also grouped with eating disorders. In muscle dysmorphia, which is sometimes called bigorexia ", megarexia ", or reverse anorexia ", the delusi ...

                                               

New World Syndrome

New World Syndrome is a set of non-communicable diseases brought on by consumption of junk food and a sedentary lifestyle, especially common to the indigenous peoples of the "New World". Indigenous peoples of Oceania and Circumpolar peoples, and ...

                                               

Nowhere girls

Nowhere girls or Mei Nu is a neologism coined to describe women who have no money, no job, no education, no prospects, no looks, no friends and no sophistication. The pinyin and pronunciation of "nowhere girls" is the same as that of "beautiful g ...

                                               

Opsophagos

Opsophagos was a type of ancient Greek person who exhibited a seemingly uncontrollable desire for opson or relishes. The vice of the opsophagos was opsophagia, for which the closest English equivalent is gourmandise. However, because fish/seafood ...

                                               

Orthorexia nervosa

Orthorexia nervosa is a proposed eating disorder characterized by an excessive preoccupation with eating healthy food. The term was introduced in 1997 by American physician Steven Bratman, M.D. He suggested that some peoples dietary restrictions ...

                                               

Paris syndrome

Paris syndrome is a condition exhibited by some individuals when visiting or going on vacation to Paris, as a result of extreme shock at discovering that Paris is different from their expectations. The syndrome is characterized by a number of psy ...

Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →