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National Youth Rights Association

The National Youth Rights Association is a youth-led civil rights organization in the United States promoting youth rights, with approximately 10.000 members. NYRA promotes the lessening or removing of various legal restrictions that are imposed ...

                                               

Sandra Day O'Connor Institute

The Sandra Day OConnor Institute is a non-profit organization based in Phoenix, Arizona, USA, whose mission is to "continue Justice Sandra Day O’Connor’s legacy and lifetime work to advance civics education, civic engagement and civil discourse". ...

                                               

Social and Vocational Skills

Social and Vocational Skills is a subject which can be taken in high schools as a Standard Grade in Scotland. Unlike other subjects in the Scottish educational system, those who take it are picked specially to do it, normally due to failings in o ...

                                               

Circuit (administrative division)

A circuit was a historical political division of China and is a historical and modern administrative unit in Japan. The primary level of administrative division of Korea under the Joseon and in modern North and South Korea employs the same Chines ...

                                               

County seat

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and R ...

                                               

Municipality

A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county, which ...

                                               

Canadian Union of Public Employees v Ontario (Minister of Labour)

Canadian Union of Public Employees v Ontario, 2003 SCC 29, is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision on arbitration and bias in administrative law. The Court held that it was patently unreasonable for the Minister of Labour to appoint retired ...

                                               

Government performance auditing

Government performance auditing focuses on improving how governments provide programs and services. While there is no one universally agreed upon definition, there are key definitions which capture the scope of government performance auditing. Ac ...

                                               

State Supreme Audit (Albania)

The State Supreme Audit is the highest institution of economic and financial control in the Republic of Albania. As an independent governing body it is subordinated only to the law and the constitution. Its mission is to contribute towards the go ...

                                               

Audit Board of Indonesia

The Audit Board of Indonesia is a high state body which is responsible for evaluation of management and accountability of state finances conducted by the central Government of Indonesia, local governments, Bank Indonesia, state-owned enterprises, ...

                                               

Australian National Audit Office

The Australian National Audit Office is the national auditor for the Parliament of Australia and Government of Australia. It reports directly to the Australian Parliament via the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Se ...

                                               

Court of Audit of Belgium

The Court of Audit of Belgium is a Belgian governmental institution established by article 180 of the Belgian Constitution. The Court of Audit is a collateral body of the Belgian Federal Parliament and exerts external control on the budgetary, ac ...

                                               

Board of Audit and Inspection

The Board of Audit and Inspection is a national organization headquartered in Seoul, South Korea. Its primary function is the audit and inspection of the accounts of state and administrative bodies.

                                               

Tribunal de Contas da União

The Tribunal de Contas da União is the Brazilian federal accountability office. It is an arm of the Legislative Branch of the Brazilian government, to assist Congress in its Constitutional incumbency to exercise external audit over the Executive ...

                                               

Chamber of Audit (Bulgaria)

The Chamber of Audit is the state auditor of the Government of Bulgaria and directly subordinate of the National Assembly. It carries out external control of the financial resources and activities in the public sector.

                                               

Bundesrechnungshof

The Bundesrechnungshof is the supreme federal authority for federal audit matters in Germany. There are equivalent bodies at state level. The status of the Bundesrechnungshof, its members and its essential functions are guaranteed by the German C ...

                                               

Censorate

The Censorate was a high-level supervisory agency in ancient China, first established during the Qin dynasty. The Censorate was a highly effective agency during the Mongol Yuan dynasty 1271–1368. During the Ming dynasty 1368–1644, the Censorate w ...

                                               

Central Auditing Organization

The Central Auditing Organization is an independent auditing institution established in Egypt in 1942 as an instrument of public finance control. Originally created as the Divan of Accounting, its name was changed to Divan of Auditing in 1960, be ...

                                               

Comptroller General of Chile

The Comptroller General of Chile is a constitutionally autonomous body of the Government of Chile based on chapter 10 of the Constitution of Chile and it is in charge of the control of the legal aspects, management, preaudit and postaudit functio ...

                                               

National Audit Office (China)

The National Audit Office of the Peoples Republic of China is the supreme audit institution in the Peoples Republic of China. It was established in 1983 according to the Constitution. It is a cabinet-level Department constituting the State Counci ...

                                               

Comprehensive annual financial report

A Comprehensive Annual Financial Report is a set of U.S. government financial statements comprising the financial report of a state, municipal or other governmental entity that complies with the accounting requirements promulgated by the Governme ...

                                               

Comprehensive Area Assessment

Comprehensive Area Assessment, or CAA, is a new way of assessing local public services in England that was introduced by the Government in April 2009. It examines how well councils and other public bodies work together to meet the needs of the pe ...

                                               

Comprehensive Performance Assessment

In the United Kingdom, the Comprehensive Performance Assessment, conducted by the Audit Commission, assessed the performance of every local authority and the services that they provide for local people. The Audit Commission first introduced CPA i ...

                                               

Comptroller and Auditor General (United Kingdom)

The Comptroller and Auditor General in the United Kingdom is the government official responsible for supervising the quality of public accounting and financial reporting. The C&AG is an officer of the House of Commons who is the head of the N ...

                                               

Comptroller and Auditor General (Bangladesh)

The Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of Bangladesh is the Supreme Audit Institution of the country. Like the SAIs in many other countries across the world the institution is established by the Constitution of Bangladesh. This institu ...

                                               

Comptroller and Auditor General (Ireland)

The Comptroller and Auditor General is the constitutional officer responsible for public audit in Ireland. The Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General is the public audit body for the Republic of Ireland and is headed by the C&AG. The C ...

                                               

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is an authority, established by Article 148 of the Constitution of India, which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and a ...

                                               

Control Yuan

The Control Yuan, one of the five branches of the Government of the Republic of China, is an investigatory agency that monitors the other branches of government. It may be compared to the Court of Auditors of the European Union or the Government ...

                                               

Cost Accounting Standards

Cost Accounting Standards are a set of 19 standards and rules promulgated by the United States Government for use in determining costs on negotiated procurements. CAS differs from the Federal Acquisition Regulation in that FAR applies to substant ...

                                               

Court of Audit

A Court of Audit or Court of Accounts is a Supreme audit institution, i.e. a government institution performing financial and/or legal audit on the executive branch of power.

                                               

Curtea de Conturi (Moldova)

The Court of Accounts of Moldova is the supreme public external audit institution, according to the provisions of the Law of the Court of Accounts no. 261-XVI, dated 5 December, 2008, and is the only state public authority that controls the forma ...

                                               

Supreme Audit Office (Czech Republic)

The Supreme Audit Office of the Czech Republic – alternately known in English as the Supreme Control Office of the Czech Republic – is a "unique, independent constitutional entity to supervise the management of the state property and the state bu ...

                                               

Defense Contract Audit Agency

The Defense Contract Audit Agency is an agency of the United States Department of Defense under the direction of the Under Secretary of Defense. It was established in 1965 to perform all contract audits for the Department of Defense. Previously, ...

                                               

European Court of Auditors

The European Court of Auditors is the fifth institution of the European Union. It was established in 1975 in Luxembourg in order to improve EU financial management.

                                               

Court of Audit (France)

The Court of Auditors is a French administrative court charged with conducting financial and legislative audits of most public institutions and some private institutions, including the central Government, national public corporations, social secu ...

                                               

Government Accountability Office

The Government Accountability Office is a legislative branch government agency that provides auditing, evaluation, and investigative services for the United States Congress. It is the supreme audit institution of the federal government of the Uni ...

                                               

Greek Financial Audit, 2004

The Greek Financial Audit was a 2004 investigation into the true extent of Greeces public finances. It examined government revenue, spending and the level of Greek government borrowing.

                                               

Greek financial audits, 2009–10

Audits of Greeces public finances during the period 2009–2010 were undertaken by the EU authorities. Since joining the Euro zone, Greeces public finances markedly deviated from the debt and deficit limits set by Stability and Growth Pact. Against ...

                                               

Audit Commission (Hong Kong)

The Audit Commission is one of the oldest government departments of the Government of Hong Kong, known as Audit Department before July 1, 1997. The Director of Audit is appointed by the Chief Executive. The Director reports to the Chief Executive ...

                                               

Independent Authority for Fiscal Responsibility

The Independent Authority for Spanish Fiscal Responsibility is an independent agency for fiscal control in Spain. It was created in 2013 by the Spanish Government, on the initiative of the European Union and to implement a constitutional mandate. ...

                                               

International Journal of Government Auditing

The International Journal of Government Auditing is published quarterly in Arabic, English, French, German and Spanish. As the official publication of the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions, the Journal supports cooperation, ...

                                               

INTOSAI Development Initiative

The INTOSAI Development Initiative is a body of the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions which supports capacity development of supreme audit institutions in developing countries. Founded in 1986, the organization was headquar ...

                                               

Board of Audit (Japan)

The Board of Audit reviews government expenditures and submits an annual report to the Diet. Article 90 of the Constitution of Japan and the Board of Audit Act of 1947 give this body substantial independence from both cabinet and Diet control. In ...

                                               

Comptroller and Auditor General for Jersey

The Comptroller and Auditor General or C&AG is an office established by the States of Jersey, under the Public Finances Law 2005. The office is independent to the government, and is responsible for auditing most of Jerseys public organisation ...

                                               

Audit Bureau of Jordan

Audit Bureau of Jordan is an independent Government agency and a supreme audit institution which is responsible for auditing the ministries, public institutions, public departments, municipalities, co-operatives, labor unions, corporations where ...

                                               

Commission of Audit (Macau)

The Commission of Audit is the auditor for the government of Macau to aid accountability by conducting independent audits of the government operations. The office has similar functions to auditors in other jurisdictions, but the Commissioner repo ...

                                               

National Audit Department (Malaysia)

The National Audit Department is an independent government agency in Malaysia that is responsible for carrying out the audits on the accounts of Federal Government, State Government and Federal Statutory Bodies as well as the activities of the Mi ...

                                               

Massachusetts State Auditor

The Massachusetts State Auditor is a statewide elected office in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts responsible for conducting financial, performance, and technical assessments of state programs, departments, agencies, authorities, contracts, and ...

                                               

Seamus McCarthy

Seamus McCarthy is Irelands Comptroller and Auditor General since 28 May 2012. He is the constitutional officer responsible for public audit in Ireland and heads the Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General. His constitutional status under A ...

                                               

Office of the Auditor General (Nepal)

Office of the Auditor General is a constitutional body and the supreme audit institution of Nepal. It derives its mandate from Article 241 of the Constitution of Nepal and Audit Act, 2075. The Auditor General is empowered to undertake audits of O ...

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