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Therapeutic Crisis Intervention

Therapeutic Crisis Intervention Also known as the abbreviation TCI is a crisis management protocol developed by Cornell University for residential child care facilities. The purpose of the TCI protocol is to provide a crisis prevention and interv ...

                                               

Thought stopping

Thought stopping is a cognitive intervention technique prescribed by psychotherapists with the goal of interrupting, removing, and replacing problematic recurring thoughts. It is considered a core cognitive intervention method that is distinct fo ...

                                               

Tipping point (sociology)

In sociology, a tipping point is a point in time when a group - or many group members - rapidly and dramatically changes its behavior by widely adopting a previously rare practice.

                                               

Response cost

A token economy is a system of contingency management based on the systematic reinforcement of target behavior. The reinforcers are symbols or tokens that can be exchanged for other reinforcers. A token economy is based on the principles of opera ...

                                               

Tough love

Bill Milliken described tough love through the expression, "I dont care how this makes you feel toward me. You may hate my guts, but I love you, and I am doing this because I love you." Milliken strongly emphasizes that a relationship of care and ...

                                               

Tranquility Bay

Tranquility Bay was a residential treatment facility affiliated with World Wide Association of Specialty Programs and Schools, that operated from 1997 to early 2009. It was located in Calabash Bay, Saint Elizabeth Parish, Jamaica.

                                               

Victory Forge Military Academy

Victory Forge Military Academy has changed its name to Southeastern Military Academy. Victory Forge Military Academy, located in Port St. Lucie, Florida, is a year-round boarding school that utilizes military-style components for behavior modific ...

                                               

Vivo Class

Vivo Class is a private company based in London, UK that sells a web-based rewards system to schools. Founded in 2007, it was first used at Westminster Academy in London. In August 2014, Vivo Miles was rebranded as Vivo Class for teachers.

                                               

Wellspring Academies

Wellspring Academies was a pair of therapeutic boarding schools for overweight and obese children, teens, and young adults, both operated by Wellspring, a division of Aspen Education Group. It is said to be the first weight loss boarding school i ...

                                               

Wellspring camps

Wellspring Camps were a group of childrens health and wellness camps located in California and Florida. The camp focused on changing behavior and eating patterns in order to create long-term healthy lifestyles for participants. Due to "economic f ...

                                               

World Wide Association of Specialty Programs and Schools

The World Wide Association Of Specialty Programs and Schools was an organization based in Utah, in the United States. WWASPS was founded by Robert Lichfield and was incorporated in 1998. WWASPS stated that it was an umbrella organization of indep ...

                                               

Youth Outcome Questionnaire

The Youth Outcome Questionnaire is a collection of questions designed to collect data regarding the effectiveness of youth therapies. The Y-OQ is a parent report measure of treatment progress for children and adolescents receiving mental health i ...

                                               

Adaptive Investment Approach

The concept of Adaptive Investment Approach, first proposed by Ma, is the name given to the investment strategies that under which investors can constantly adjust their investments to reflect market conditions such as the volatility of investment ...

                                               

Allais paradox

The Allais paradox is a choice problem designed by Maurice Allais to show an inconsistency of actual observed choices with the predictions of expected utility theory.

                                               

Anecdotal value

In communication studies, science communication, psycholinguistics and choice theory, anecdotal value refers to the primarily social and political value of an anecdote or anecdotal evidence in promoting understanding of a social, cultural, or eco ...

                                               

Base rate fallacy

The base rate fallacy, also called base rate neglect or base rate bias, is a fallacy. If presented with related base rate information and specific information, the mind tends to ignore the former and focus on the latter. Base rate neglect is a sp ...

                                               

Behavioral analysis of markets

Behavioral Analysis of Markets is a new area of study, proposed by James Gregory Savoldi, closely related to behavioral finance, behavioral economics and socionomics. Unlike traditional models of behavioral analysis which typically integrate insi ...

                                               

Behavioral economics

Behavioral economics studies the effects of psychological, cognitive, emotional, cultural and social factors on the economic decisions of individuals and institutions and how those decisions vary from those implied by classical theory. Behavioral ...

                                               

Behavioral portfolio theory

Behavioral portfolio theory, put forth in 2000 by Shefrin and Statman, provides an alternative to the assumption that the ultimate motivation for investors is the maximization of the value of their portfolios. It suggests that investors have vari ...

                                               

Behavioral Strategy

Behavioral strategy refers to the study of corporate or business strategies from a micro-foundations perspective. The area of study is emerging in the field of management and economics. It considers the role of conscious and unconscious biases of ...

                                               

Bull (stock market speculator)

A bull is a stock market speculator who buys a holding in a stock in the expectation that in the very short-term it will rise in value whereupon they will sell the stock to make a quick profit on the transaction. Strictly speaking the term applie ...

                                               

Calendar effect

A calendar effect is any market anomaly, different behaviour of stock markets, or economic effect which appears to be related to the calendar, such as the day of the week, time of the month, time of the year, time within the U.S. presidential cyc ...

                                               

Carhart four-factor model

In portfolio management the Carhart four-factor model is an extension of the Fama–French three-factor model including a momentum factor for asset pricing of stocks, proposed by Mark Carhart. It is also known in the industry as the MOM factor. Mom ...

                                               

Choice architecture

Choice architecture is the design of different ways in which choices can be presented to consumers, and the impact of that presentation on consumer decision-making. For example, each of the following: the manner in which attributes are described ...

                                               

Werner De Bondt

Werner F.M. De Bondt is one of the founders in the field of behavioral finance. He is also the founding director of Richard H. Driehaus Center for Behavioral Finance at DePaul University in Chicago. Previously, he was the Frank Graner Professor o ...

                                               

Denomination effect

The denomination effect is a form of cognitive bias relating to currency, suggesting people may be less likely to spend larger currency denominations than their equivalent value in smaller denominations. It was proposed by Priya Raghubir, profess ...

                                               

Disposition effect

The disposition effect is an anomaly discovered in behavioral finance. It relates to the tendency of investors to sell assets that have increased in value, while keeping assets that have dropped in value. Hersh Shefrin and Meir Statman identified ...

                                               

Dumb agent theory

The dumb agent theory states that many people making individual buying and selling decisions will better reflect true value than any one individual can. In finance this theory is predicated on the efficient-market hypothesis. One of the first ins ...

                                               

Stephen Duneier

Stephen Duneier is an American professional investment manager, strategy consultant, speaker, lecturer, author, artist and Guinness World Record holder.

                                               

Efficient-market hypothesis

The efficient-market hypothesis is a hypothesis in financial economics that states that asset prices reflect all available information. A direct implication is that it is impossible to "beat the market" consistently on a risk-adjusted basis since ...

                                               

The Elliott Wave Theorist

The Elliott Wave Theorist is a monthly newsletter published by Elliott Wave International. The first issue of the Theorist was published in April 1976 and has been continuously in print on a subscription basis since May 1979. The publication incl ...

                                               

Endowment effect

In psychology and behavioral economics, the endowment effect is the finding that people are more likely to retain an object they own than acquire that same object when they do not own it. This is typically illustrated in two ways. In a valuation ...

                                               

Equity premium puzzle

The equity premium puzzle refers to the inability of an important class of economic models to explain the average premium of the returns on a well-diversified U.S. equity portfolio over U.S. Treasury Bills observed for more than 100 years. The te ...

                                               

Experimental finance

The goals of experimental finance are to understand human and market behavior in settings relevant to finance. Experiments are synthetic economic environments created by researchers specifically to answer research questions. This might involve, f ...

                                               

Fat-tailed distribution

A fat-tailed distribution is a probability distribution that exhibits a large skewness or kurtosis, relative to that of either a normal distribution or an exponential distribution. In common usage, the term fat-tailed and heavy-tailed are synonym ...

                                               

Gambler's fallacy

The gamblers fallacy, also known as the Monte Carlo fallacy or the fallacy of the maturity of chances, is the erroneous belief that if a particular event occurs more frequently than normal during the past it is less likely to happen in the future ...

                                               

Herd behavior

Herd behavior is the behavior of individuals in a group acting collectively without centralized direction. Herd behavior occurs in animals in herds, packs, bird flocks, fish schools and so on, as well as in humans in demonstrations, riots and gen ...

                                               

Hyperbolic discounting

In economics, hyperbolic discounting is a time- inconsistent model of delay discounting. It is one of the cornerstones of behavioral economics and its brain-basis is actively being studied by neuroeconomics researchers. The discounted utility app ...

                                               

Identifiable victim effect

The identifiable victim effect refers to the tendency of individuals to offer greater aid when a specific, identifiable person is observed under hardship, as compared to a large, vaguely defined group with the same need. The effect is also observ ...

                                               

Information cascade

An Information cascade or informational cascade is a phenomenon described in behavioral economics and network theory in which a number of people make the same decision in a sequential fashion. It is similar to, but distinct from herd behavior. An ...

                                               

January effect

The January effect is a hypothesis that there is a seasonal anomaly in the financial market where securities prices increase in the month of January more than in any other month. This calendar effect would create an opportunity for investors to b ...

                                               

Journal of Behavioral Finance

The Journal of Behavioral Finance is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers research related to the field of behavioral finance. It was established in 2000 as The Journal of Psychology and Financial Markets. The founding Board of ...

                                               

Keynesian beauty contest

A Keynesian beauty contest is a concept developed by John Maynard Keynes and introduced in Chapter 12 of his work, The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, to explain price fluctuations in equity markets.

                                               

List of cognitive biases

Cognitive biases are systematic patterns of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment, and are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics. Although the reality of most of these biases is confirmed by reproducible research, there ar ...

                                               

Loss aversion

In cognitive psychology and decision theory, loss aversion refers to peoples tendency to prefer avoiding losses to acquiring equivalent gains: it is better to not lose than to find. The principle is very prominent in the domain of economics. What ...

                                               

Low-volatility anomaly

The low-volatility anomaly is the observation that low-volatility stocks have higher returns than high-volatility stocks in most markets studied. This is an example of a stock market anomaly since it contradicts the central prediction of many fin ...

                                               

Market anomaly

A market anomaly in a financial market is predictability that seems to be inconsistent with theories of asset prices. Standard theories include the capital asset pricing model and the Fama-French Three Factor Model, but a lack of agreement among ...

                                               

Market correction

A market correction is a rapid change in the nominal price of a commodity, after a barrier to free trade has been removed and the free market establishes a new equilibrium price. It may also refer to several of these single-commodity corrections ...

                                               

Market sentiment

Market sentiment is the general prevailing attitude of investors as to anticipated price development in a market. This attitude is the accumulation of a variety of fundamental and technical factors, including price history, economic reports, seas ...

                                               

Market trend

A market trend is a perceived tendency of financial markets to move in a particular direction over time. These trends are classified as secular for long time frames, primary for medium time frames, and secondary for short time frames. Traders att ...

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