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Celle Hole

Celle Hole was a breach in the outer wall of the prison of Celle, Germany. First used on July 25, 1978, the name was part of a campaign by one of the West German secret services and the GSG 9 in an attempt to lay blame on the Red Army Faction, We ...

                                               

Charlatan

A charlatan is a person practising quackery or some similar confidence trick or deception in order to obtain money, fame or other advantages via some form of pretense or deception. Synonyms for "charlatan" include "shyster", "quack", or "faker". ...

                                               

Cheating in poker

Cheating can be done many ways, including collusion, sleight-of-hand such as bottom dealing or stacking the deck, or the use of physical objects such as marked cards or holdout devices. Cheating occurs in both friendly games and casinos. Cheats m ...

                                               

Clickbait

Clickbait, a form of false advertisement, uses hyperlink text or a thumbnail link that is designed to attract attention and to entice users to follow that link and read, view, or listen to the linked piece of online content, with a defining chara ...

                                               

Coding (therapy)

Coding is a catch-all term for various Russian alternative therapeutic methods used to treat addictions, in which the therapist attempts to scare patients into abstinence from a substance they are addicted to by convincing them that they will be ...

                                               

Coercive citation

Coercive citation is an academic publishing practice in which an editor of a scientific or academic journal forces an author to add spurious citations to an article before the journal will agree to publish it. This is done to inflate the journals ...

                                               

Cognitive distortion

A cognitive distortion is an exaggerated or irrational thought pattern involved in the onset and perpetuation of psychopathological states, especially those more influenced by psychosocial factors, such as depression and anxiety. Psychiatrist Aar ...

                                               

Coin rolling scams

Coin-rolling related scams are a collection of scams involving coin wrappers. The scammer will roll coins of lesser value or slugs of no value, or less than the correct number of coins in a roll, then exchange them at a bank or retail outlet for ...

                                               

Communications deception

In telecommunication, the term communications deception has the following meanings: Deliberate transmission, retransmission, or alteration of communications to mislead an adversarys interpretation of the communications. Use of devices, operations ...

                                               

Concealing objects in a book

There are many real and fictitious occurrences of concealing objects in a book. Items can be concealed in books in a number of ways. Small items such as a photograph or a note can be hidden in between the pages of the book. Thicker items can be h ...

                                               

Contextual lie

                                               

Corinthian leather

Corinthian leather is a term coined by the advertising agency Bozell to describe the upholstery used in certain Chrysler luxury vehicles. The term first appeared in advertising in 1974. Although this is merely a marketing concept, it suggests tha ...

                                               

Counter-illumination

Counter-illumination is a method of active camouflage seen in marine animals such as firefly squid and midshipman fish, and in military prototypes, producing light to match their backgrounds in both brightness and wavelength. Marine animals of th ...

                                               

Counterfeit money

Counterfeit money is imitation currency produced without the legal sanction of the state or government, usually in a deliberate attempt to imitate that currency and so as to deceive its recipient. Producing or using counterfeit money is a form of ...

                                               

Countershading

Countershading, or Thayers law, is a method of camouflage in which an animals coloration is darker on the upper side and lighter on the underside of the body. This pattern is found in many species of mammals, reptiles, birds, fish, and insects, b ...

                                               

Cover-up

A cover-up is an attempt, whether successful or not, to conceal evidence of wrongdoing, error, incompetence or other embarrassing information. In a passive cover-up, information is simply not provided; in an active cover-up, deception is used. Th ...

                                               

Creative journalism

Creative journalism refers to a journalistic story than has been enhanced in an creative way by the journalist, possibly with an intent to mislead or with an objective to cause an event to happen that otherwise would not.

                                               

Crocodile tears

Crocodile tears is a false, insincere display of emotion such as a hypocrite crying fake tears of grief. The phrase derives from an ancient belief that crocodiles shed tears while consuming their prey, and as such is present in many modern langua ...

                                               

Curveball (informant)

Rafid Ahmed Alwan al-Janabi, known by the Defense Intelligence Agency cryptonym "Curveball", is a German citizen who defected from Iraq in 1999, claiming that he had worked as a chemical engineer at a plant that manufactured mobile biological wea ...

                                               

J. Frank Dalton

John Frank Dalton was a man who, in the last few years of his long life, publicly claimed to be the famous outlaw Jesse James. However, most professional historians believe that Dalton was merely a Jesse James impostor, and that the real Jesse Ja ...

                                               

Deception in animals

Deception in animals is the transmission of misinformation by one animal to another, of the same or different species, in a way that propagates beliefs that are not true. Deception in animals does not automatically imply a conscious act, but can ...

                                               

Delusion

A delusion is a firm and fixed belief based on inadequate grounds not amenable to rational argument or evidence to contrary, not in sync with regional, cultural and educational background. As a pathology, it is distinct from a belief based on fal ...

                                               

Denial

Denial, in ordinary English usage, is asserting that a statement or allegation is not true. It may also mean the refusal of a request, but this article covers denial of true factual claims. In psychology, denialism is a persons choice to deny rea ...

                                               

Denial and deception

Denial and deception is a Western theoretical framework for conceiving and analyzing military intelligence techniques pertaining to secrecy and deception. Originating in the 1980s, it is roughly based on the more pragmatic Soviet practices of mas ...

                                               

Destabilisation

In a psychological context it is used as a technique in brainwashing and abuse to disorient and disarm the victim. For example, in the context of workplace bullying, destabilisation applied to the victim may involve: persistent attempts to demora ...

                                               

Detoxification foot baths

Detoxification foot baths, also known as foot detox, ionic cleansing, ionic foot bath and aqua/water detox are pseudoscientific devices marketed as being able to remove toxins from the human body. They work by providing an electric current to an ...

                                               

Disguise

A disguise can be anything which conceals or changes a persons physical appearance, including a wig, glasses, makeup, fake moustache, costume or other items. Camouflage is a type of disguise for people, animals and objects. Hats, glasses, changes ...

                                               

Disinformation

Disinformation is false information spread deliberately to deceive. This is a subset of misinformation, which may also be unintentional. The English word disinformation is a loan translation of the Russian dezinformatsiya, derived from the title ...

                                               

Domain name scams

Domain name scams are types of Intellectual property scams or confidence scams in which unscrupulous domain name registrars attempt to generate revenue by tricking businesses into buying, selling, listing or converting a domain name. The Office o ...

                                               

Dummy corporation

A dummy corporation, dummy company, or false company is an entity created to serve as a front or cover for one or more companies. It can have the appearance of being real, but lacks the capacity to function independently. The dummy corporations s ...

                                               

Economical with the truth

To be economical with the truth literally means to avoid revealing too much of the truth. While the idea may have an approbatory sense of prudence or diplomacy, the phrase is often either used euphemistically to denote dissimulation or else used ...

                                               

Electronic deception

In telecommunication, the term electronic deception means the deliberate radiation, reradiation, alteration, suppression, absorption, denial, enhancement, or reflection of electromagnetic energy in a manner intended to convey misleading informati ...

                                               

Emergency lie

                                               

Exaggeration

Exaggeration is a representation of something in an excessive manner. The exaggerator has been a familiar figure in Western culture since at least Aristotles discussion of the alazon: the boaster is regarded as one who pretends to have distinguis ...

                                               

Fabrication (lie)

                                               

Fake impact factor

                                               

Fake news

Fake news is a form of news consisting of deliberate disinformation or hoaxes spread via traditional news media or online social media. Digital news has brought back and increased the usage of fake news, or yellow journalism. The news is then oft ...

                                               

Fake orgasm

A fake orgasm occurs when a person pretends to have an orgasm without actually experiencing one. It usually involves simulating or acting out behaviors typically associated with orgasm, such as body movements, vocal sounds, and sequences of inten ...

                                               

Faked death

A faked death, also called a "staged death" and pseudocide, is a case in which an individual leaves evidence to suggest that they are dead to mislead others. This is done for a variety of reasons, such as to fraudulently collect insurance money, ...

                                               

Faking (Western classical music)

In instrumental music performances in Western classical music, faking is the process by which a musician gives the ".impression of playing every note as written" in the printed music part, typically for a very challenging passage that is very hig ...

                                               

False advertising

False advertising is the use of false, misleading, or unproven information to advertise products to consumers. Consumers ability to distinguish false advertisements is affected by their emotions. People with positive emotions are more sensitive t ...

                                               

False dilemma

A false dilemma is a type of informal fallacy in which a statement falsely claims an "either/or" situation, when in fact there is at least one additional logically valid option. The false dilemma fallacy can also arise simply by accidental omissi ...

                                               

False flag

A false flag is a covert operation designed to deceive; the deception creates the appearance of a particular party, group, or nation being responsible for some activity, disguising the actual source of responsibility. The term "false flag" origin ...

                                               

False premise

A false premise is an incorrect proposition that forms the basis of an argument or syllogism. Since the premise is not correct, the conclusion drawn may be in error. However, the logical validity of an argument is a function of its internal consi ...

                                               

Fauxtography

Dr. Stephen D. Cooper defines fauxtography as" visual images, especially news photographs, which convey a questionable sense of the events they seem to depict.” It is also mentioned as" a serious criticism of photojournalism products, both the im ...

                                               

Feint

Feint is a French term that entered English via the discipline of swordsmanship and fencing. Feints are maneuvers designed to distract or mislead, done by giving the impression that a certain maneuver will take place, while in fact another, or ev ...

                                               

Fib (lie)

                                               

Fictitious entry

Fictitious or fake entries are deliberately incorrect entries in reference works such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, maps, and directories. There are more specific terms for particular kinds of fictitious entry, such as Mountweazel, trap street, ...

                                               

Forked tongue

A forked tongue is a tongue split into two distinct tines at the tip; this is a feature common to many species of reptiles. Reptiles smell using the tip of their tongue, and a forked tongue allows them to sense from which direction a smell is com ...

                                               

Frameup

In the United States criminal law, a frame-up or setup is the act of framing someone, that is, providing false evidence or false testimony in order to falsely prove someone guilty of a crime. While incriminating those who are innocent might be do ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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