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Omission bias

Omission bias is the tendency to favor an act of omission over one of commission. It can occur due to a number of processes, including psychological inertia, the perception of transaction costs, and a tendency to judge harmful actions as worse, o ...

                                               

Omnibus Clause

The Omnibus Clause of 18 U.S.C. §1503, or Omnibus Provision, provides that anyone who corruptly. obstructs or impedes, or endeavors to influence, obstruct or impede, the due administration of justice", is guilty of the crime of obstruction of jus ...

                                               

On Bullshit

On Bullshit is a 1986 essay, reprinted as a 2005 book, by philosopher Harry G. Frankfurt which presents a theory of bullshit that defines the concept and analyzes the applications of bullshit in the context of communication. Frankfurt determines ...

                                               

Paternalistic deception

Paternalistic deception is deception that is apparently performed for the deceived individuals own good by a person assuming a paternalistic role, whether they are their actual parent or not. It is intended to affect the body and feelings rather ...

                                               

Perfidy

In the context of war, perfidy is a form of deception in which one side promises to act in good faith with the intention of breaking that promise once the unsuspecting enemy is exposed. Perfidy constitutes a breach of the laws of war and so is a ...

                                               

Phishing

Phishing is the fraudulent attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords and credit card details by disguising oneself as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. Typically carried out by email spoofing or insta ...

                                               

Pig in a poke

A pig in a poke is a thing that is bought without first being inspected, and thus of unknown authenticity or quality. The idiom is attested in 1555: A "poke" is a bag, so the image is of a concealed item being sold. Starting in the 19th century, ...

                                               

Placebo

A placebo is an inert substance or treatment which is designed to have no therapeutic value. Common placebos include inert tablets, inert injections, sham surgery, and other procedures. In general, placebos can affect how patients perceive their ...

                                               

Placebo button

A placebo button is a push-button or other control which has apparent functionality but has no physical effect when pressed. Such buttons can appear to work, by lighting up or otherwise reacting, which rewards the user by giving them an illusion ...

                                               

Plain folks

"Plain folks" is a form of propaganda and a logical fallacy. A plain folks argument is one in which the speaker presents him or herself as an average Joe - a common person who can understand and empathize with a listeners concerns. The most impor ...

                                               

Poisoning the well

Poisoning the well is a type of informal fallacy where irrelevant adverse information about a target is preemptively presented to an audience, with the intention of discrediting or ridiculing something that the target person is about to say. The ...

                                               

Potemkin village

In politics and economics, a Potemkin village is any construction whose sole purpose is to provide an external façade to a country which is faring poorly, making people believe that the country is faring better, although statistics and charts wou ...

                                               

Propaganda

Propaganda is information that is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, which may not be objective and may be presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to pro ...

                                               

Pseudoscience

Pseudoscience consists of statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual but are incompatible with the scientific method. Pseudoscience is often characterized by contradictory, exaggerated or unfalsifiable cl ...

                                               

Psychological subversion

Psychological subversion is the name given by Susan Headley to a method of verbally manipulating people for information. It is similar in practice to so-called social engineering and pretexting, but has a more military focus to it. It was develop ...

                                               

Puffery

In everyday language, puffery refers to exaggerated or false praise. In law, puffery is a promotional statement or claim that expresses subjective rather than objective views, which no "reasonable person" would take literally. Puffery serves to " ...

                                               

Quackery

Quackery, often synonymous with health fraud, is the promotion of fraudulent or ignorant medical practices. A quack is a "fraudulent or ignorant pretender to medical skill" or "a person who pretends, professionally or publicly, to have skill, kno ...

                                               

Quoting out of context

Quoting out of context is an informal fallacy and a type of false attribution in which a passage is removed from its surrounding matter in such a way as to distort its intended meaning. Contextomies may be either intentional or accidental if some ...

                                               

R v Ingram, C., Ingram, D. and Whittock, T.

R v Ingram, C., Ingram, D. and Whittock, T. was a 2003 English Crown Court fraud case in which Major Charles Ingram, his wife Diana and college lecturer Tecwen Whittock were found guilty of procuring the execution of a valuable security by decept ...

                                               

Rape by deception

Rape by deception is a situation in which the perpetrator obtains the victims agreement to engage in sexual intercourse or other sex acts, but gains it by deception or false statements or actions. Judicial treatment of such situations varies grea ...

                                               

Referer spoofing

In HTTP networking, typically on the World Wide Web, referer spoofing sends incorrect referer information in an HTTP request in order to prevent a website from obtaining accurate data on the identity of the web page previously visited by the user.

                                               

Ringing Bells Private Limited

The company attracted attention when it announced the Freedom 251, a 3G-based smartphone, at a price of ₹ 251 the equivalent of $3.76 as of 29 October 2016 which makes it the worlds cheapest smartphone. The phones were not delivery it was a scam ...

                                               

Saradha Group financial scandal

The Saradha Group financial scandal was a major financial scam and alleged political scandal caused by the collapse of a Ponzi scheme run by Saradha Group, a consortium of over 200 private companies that was believed to be running collective inve ...

                                               

Scam

                                               

Scam City

Scam City is a television show which started airing on Travel + Escape in June 2012, and has subsequently aired on the National Geographic Channel, and in Australia on the subscription channel Nat Geo People. Host Conor Woodman travels to some of ...

                                               

Scam genealogical book

The popularity of genealogy, encouraged by the increasing use of the Internet is encouraging a number of people to mass-market what authorities regard as scam "genealogical books" which are sometimes promoted by affiliated websites. They tend to ...

                                               

Scams in intellectual property

Scams in intellectual property include scams in which inventors and other rights holders are lured to pay money for an apparently official registration of their intellectual property, for professional development and promotion of their ideas, but ...

                                               

Security theater

Security theater is the practice of investing in countermeasures intended to provide the feeling of improved security while doing little or nothing to achieve it.

                                               

Self-deception

Self-deception is a process of denying or rationalizing away the relevance, significance, or importance of opposing evidence and logical argument. Self-deception involves convincing oneself of a truth so that one does not reveal any self-knowledg ...

                                               

Sham marriage

A sham marriage or fake marriage is a marriage of convenience entered into without intending to create a real marital relationship. This is usually for the purpose of gaining an advantage from the marriage. Definitions of sham marriage vary by ju ...

                                               

Sham surgery

Sham surgery is a faked surgical intervention that omits the step thought to be therapeutically necessary. In clinical trials of surgical interventions, sham surgery is an important scientific control. This is because it isolates the specific eff ...

                                               

Shill

A shill, also called a plant or a stooge, is a person who publicly helps or gives credibility to a person or organization without disclosing that they have a close relationship with the person or organization. Shills can carry out their operation ...

                                               

Shrinkflation

In economics, shrinkflation is the process of items shrinking in size or quantity, or even sometimes reformulating or reducing quality while their prices remain the same or increase. The word is a portmanteau of the words shrink and inflation. Fi ...

                                               

Sick baby hoax

A sick baby hoax is a confidence trick where a person claims, often on a website, that they have an ill child and are struggling to pay for its medical expenses. Some versions of the hoax ask people to make a monetary donation directly, while oth ...

                                               

Smoke and mirrors

Smoke and mirrors is a classic technique in magical illusions that makes an entity appear to hover in empty space. It was documented as early as 1770 and spread widely after its use by the charlatan Johann Georg Schropfer, who claimed the apparit ...

                                               

Sockpuppet (Internet)

A sockpuppet is an online identity used for purposes of deception. The term, a reference to the manipulation of a simple hand puppet made from a sock, originally referred to a false identity assumed by a member of an Internet community who spoke ...

                                               

Solomon Joseph Solomon

Solomon Joseph Solomon was a British painter, a founding member of the New English Art Club and member of the Royal Academy. Solomons family was Jewish, and his sister, Lily Delissa Joseph nee Solomon, was also a painter. He made an important con ...

                                               

Spin (propaganda)

In public relations and politics, spin is a form of propaganda, achieved through knowingly providing a biased interpretation of an event or campaigning to influence public opinion about some organization or public figure. While traditional public ...

                                               

Spoofing (anti-piracy measure)

Spoofing, or decoying, is the practice of inundating online networks with bogus or incomplete files of the same name in an effort to reduce copyright infringement on file sharing networks. Cary Sherman, president of the Recording Industry Associa ...

                                               

Statement analysis

Statement analysis, also called scientific content analysis, is a technique for analyzing the words people use to try to determine if what they said is accurate. Proponents claim this technique can be used to detect concealed information, missing ...

                                               

Stealth juror

A stealth juror or rogue juror is a person who, motivated by a hidden agenda in reference to a legal case, attempts to be seated on the jury and to influence the outcome. Legal scholars believe that lawyers can identify stealth jurors by paying c ...

                                               

Swampland in Florida

Swampland in Florida is a figure of speech referring to real estate scams in which a seller misrepresents unusable swampland as developable property. These types of unseen property scams became widely known in the United States in the 20th centur ...

                                               

Torrent poisoning

Torrent poisoning is intentionally sharing corrupt data or data with misleading file names using the BitTorrent protocol. This practice of uploading fake torrents is sometimes carried out by anti-infringement organisations as an attempt to preven ...

                                               

Truth in Caller ID Act of 2009

Caller ID spoofing is generally illegal in the United States if done "with the intent to defraud, cause harm, or wrongfully obtain anything of value". The relevant federal statute, the Truth in Caller ID Act of 2009, does make exceptions for cert ...

                                               

Truth serum

Truth serum is a colloquial name for any of a range of psychoactive drugs used in an effort to obtain information from subjects who are unable or unwilling to provide it otherwise. These include ethanol, scopolamine, 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate, mi ...

                                               

Truthiness

Truthiness is the belief or assertion that a particular statement is true based on the intuition or perceptions of some individual or individuals, without regard to evidence, logic, intellectual examination, or facts. Truthiness can range from ig ...

                                               

Vanity gallery

A vanity gallery is an art gallery that charges artists fees to exhibit their work and makes most of its money from artists rather than from sales to the public. Some vanity galleries charge a lump sum to arrange an exhibition, while others ask a ...

                                               

Veracity of statements by Donald Trump

Donald Trump has made many false or misleading statements, including thousands during his presidency. Commentators and fact-checkers have described this as "unprecedented" in American politics, and the consistency of these falsehoods has become a ...

                                               

View from nowhere

In journalism ethics and media ethics, the term view from nowhere refers to a theory about the potential negative effects of neutrality in reporting whereby journalists may disinform their audience by creating the impression that opposing parties ...

                                               

Weasel word

A weasel word, or anonymous authority, is an informal term for words and phrases aimed at creating an impression that something specific and meaningful has been said, when in fact only a vague or ambiguous claim has been communicated. Examples in ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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