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Self-esteem functions

Self-esteem can be defined as how favorably individuals evaluate themselves. According to Leary, self-esteem is the relationship between ones real self and ones ideal self, feeding off of favorable behaviors. It refers to an individuals sense of ...

                                               

Self-fulfillment

In philosophy and psychology, self-fulfillment is the realizing of ones deepest desires and capacities. The history of this concept can be traced to Ancient Greek philosophers and it still remains a notable concept in modern philosophy.

                                               

Sublimation (psychology)

In psychology, sublimation is a mature type of defense mechanism, in which socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are transformed into socially acceptable actions or behavior, possibly resulting in a long-term conversion of the initial i ...

                                               

Superordinate goals

In social psychology, superordinate goals are goals that are worth completing but require two or more social groups to cooperatively achieve. The idea was proposed by social psychologist Muzafer Sherif in his experiments on intergroup relations, ...

                                               

Velleity

Psychologist Avi Sion writes, Many psychological concepts may only be defined and explained with reference to velleity." Emphasis in original. An example he cites is that "an ordinarily desirable object can only properly be called interesting or ...

                                               

Volition (psychology)

Volition is the neurological process of the brain in decision making. For example, a prosecutor could say a criminal committed the crime with volition. Volition or will is the cognitive process by which an individual decides on and commits to a p ...

                                               

Will to live

The will to live or Wille zum Leben is a psychological force to fight for self-preservation seen as an important and active process of conscious and unconscious reasoning. The German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer was the first to give name to t ...

                                               

Will to power

The will to power is a prominent concept in the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. The will to power describes what Nietzsche may have believed to be the main driving force in humans. However, the concept was never systematically defined in Nietz ...

                                               

The Winning Edge (album series)

Ambition "What A View" "The End" "Ambition" "At The Top" "Someone Has Won" "My Goal Has Achieved" "Hooray" "I Climbed Up There" "I Was Designed" "I Did It" "Main Title From Lawrence Of Arabia" - Maurice Jarre "Eine Kleine Nachtmusik" - Wolfgang A ...

                                               

Wish fulfillment

Wish fulfillment is the satisfaction of a desire through an involuntary thought process. Wish fulfillment can occur in dreams or in daydreams, in the symptoms of neurosis, or in the hallucinations of psychosis. This satisfaction is often indirect ...

                                               

Work motivation

Work motivation "is a set of energetic forces that originate both within as well as beyond an individuals being, to initiate work-related behavior, and to determine its form, direction, intensity, and duration" Understanding what motivates an org ...

                                               

Yale attitude change approach

In social psychology, the Yale attitude change approach is the study of the conditions under which people are most likely to change their attitudes in response to persuasive messages. This approach to persuasive communications was first studied b ...

                                               

3D selfie

A 3D selfie is a 3D-printed scale replica of a person or their face. These three-dimensional selfies are also known as 3D portraits, 3D figurines, 3D-printed figurines, mini-me figurines and miniature statues. In 2014 a first 3D printed bust of a ...

                                               

Acquired situational narcissism

                                               

Aggressive narcissism

                                               

Antinarcissism

Antinarcissism is a specific form of narcissistic character that, rather than aggrandising the ego, restricts its scope without diminishing the amount of self-investment involved. It is seen in the philosophy of Ubuntu and the works of figures su ...

                                               

Apathy

Apathy is a lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or concern about something. Apathy is a state of indifference, or the suppression of emotions such as concern, excitement, motivation, or passion. An apathetic individual has an absence of interest ...

                                               

Battle of egos

A battle of egos is a phrase used metaphorically to describe competitions that are based on pride and often entail prodigious and arrogant demonstrations of prowess. A type of dueling similar to a pissing contest, ego battles are often seen as an ...

                                               

Big man (anthropology)

A big man is a highly influential individual in a tribe, especially in Melanesia and Polynesia. Such a person may not have formal tribal or other authority, but can maintain recognition through skilled persuasion and wisdom. The big man has a lar ...

                                               

Big man (political science)

The terms big man, big man syndrome, and bigmanism, within the context of political science, refer to corrupt, autocratic and often totalitarian rule of countries by a single person. Generally associated with neopatrimonial states, where there is ...

                                               

Boasting

Boasting is to speak with excessive pride and self-satisfaction about ones achievements, possessions, or abilities. Boasting occurs when someone feels a sense of satisfaction or when someone feels that whatever occurred proves their superiority a ...

                                               

Bomphiologia

The term verborum bombus is used by the sixteenth-century English rhetorician Richard Sherry in his 1550 book A treatise of Schemes & Tropes. In it, Sherry says Verborum bombus, when small & triflyng thynges are set out wyth great gasyng wordes. ...

                                               

Cerebral narcissism

                                               

Closet narcissism

                                               

Collective narcissism

Collective narcissism extends the concept of individual narcissism onto the social level of self. It is a tendency to exaggerate the positive image and importance of a group the individual belongs to – i.e. the ingroup. While the classic definiti ...

                                               

Confidence

Confidence is a state of being certain either that a hypothesis or prediction is correct or that a chosen course of action is the best or most effective. Confidence comes from a latin word fidere which means "to trust"; therefore, having a self-c ...

                                               

Conspicuous consumption

Conspicuous consumption is the spending of money on and the acquiring of luxury goods and services to publicly display economic power - the income or of the accumulated wealth of the buyer. To the conspicuous consumer, such a public display of di ...

                                               

Control freak

In the slang of psychology, the colloquial term control freak describes a person with a personality disorder characterized by undermining other people, usually by way of controlling behavior manifested in the ways that he or she acts to dictate t ...

                                               

Conversational narcissism

                                               

Crank (person)

Crank is a pejorative term used for a person who holds an unshakable belief that most of his or her contemporaries consider to be false. A crank belief is so wildly at variance with those commonly held that it is considered ludicrous. Cranks char ...

                                               

Dandy

A dandy, historically, is a man who places particular importance upon physical appearance, refined language, and leisurely hobbies, pursued with the appearance of nonchalance in a cult of self. A dandy could be a self-made man who strove to imita ...

                                               

Dark triad

In psychology, the dark triad refers to the personality traits of narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. They are called "dark" because of their malevolent qualities. Research on the dark triad is used in applied psychology, especially wi ...

                                               

Dark Triad Dirty Dozen

The Dark Triad Dirty Dozen is a brief 12-item personality inventory that simultaneously assesses the three socially maladaptive, dark triad traits: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. It was developed by Jonason and Webster in 2010 bas ...

                                               

Narcissistic decompensation

In medicine, decompensation is the functional deterioration of a structure or system that had been previously working with the help of allostatic compensation. Decompensation may occur due to fatigue, stress, illness, or old age. When a system is ...

                                               

Destructive narcissism

                                               

Don Juanism

Don Juanism or Don Juan syndrome is a non-clinical term for the desire, in a man, to have sex with many different female partners. The name derives from the Don Juan of opera and fiction. The term satyriasis is sometimes used as a synonym for Don ...

                                               

Ego ideal

In Freudian psychoanalysis, the ego ideal is the inner image of oneself as one wants to become. Alternatively, "the Freudian notion of a perfect or ideal self housed in the superego," consisting of "the individuals conscious and unconscious image ...

                                               

Egocentrism

Egocentrism is the inability to differentiate between self and other. More specifically, it is the inability to untangle subjective schemas from objective reality and an inability to accurately assume or understand any perspective other than ones ...

                                               

Egomania

Egomania is preoccupation with ones self and applies to anyone who follows one’s own ungoverned impulses and is possessed by delusions of personal greatness and feels a lack of appreciation. Someone suffering from this extreme egocentric focus is ...

                                               

Egosyntonic and egodystonic

In psychoanalysis, egosyntonic refers to the behaviors, values, and feelings that are in harmony with or acceptable to the needs and goals of the ego, or consistent with ones ideal self-image. Egodystonic is the opposite, referring to thoughts an ...

                                               

Egotism

Egotism is defined as the drive to maintain and enhance favorable views of oneself, and generally features an inflated opinion of ones personal features and importance. It often includes intellectual, physical, social and other overestimations. T ...

                                               

Elitism

Elitism is the belief or attitude that individuals who form an elite - a select group of people with an intrinsic quality, high intellect, wealth, special skills, or experience - are more likely to be constructive to society as a whole, and there ...

                                               

Murder of Sophie Elliott

On 9 January 2008, 22-year-old Sophie Kate Elliott was stabbed to death by ex-boyfriend Clayton Robert Weatherston, in Dunedin, New Zealand. The crime and trial were covered extensively in the news media, and contributed to the government abolish ...

                                               

Entitlement

An entitlement is a provision made in accordance with a legal framework of a society. Typically, entitlements are based on concepts of principle which are themselves based in concepts of social equality or enfranchisement. In the 2000s, the meani ...

                                               

Envy

Envy is an emotion which "occurs when a person lacks anothers superior quality, achievement, or possession and either desires it or wishes that the other lacked it". Aristotle defined envy as pain at the sight of another’s good fortune, stirred b ...

                                               

Exhibitionist narcissism

                                               

Fantasy (psychology)

A fantasy is a situation imagined by an individual that expresses certain desires or aims on the part of its creator. Fantasies sometimes involve situations that are highly unlikely; or they may be quite realistic. Fantasies can also be sexual in ...

                                               

Gender narcissism

                                               

Grandiosity

In the field of psychology, the term grandiosity refers to an unrealistic sense of superiority, characterized by a sustained view of ones self as better than other people, which is expressed by disdainfully viewing them as inferior; and refers to ...

                                               

Healthy narcissism

Healthy narcissism is the characteristic of possessing realistic self-esteem without being cut off from a shared emotional life, as the unhealthy narcissist tends to be. The concept of healthy narcissism developed slowly out of the psychoanalytic ...

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