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Neo-nationalism

Neo-nationalism or new nationalism is a type of nationalism that rose in the mid-2010s in Europe and North America and to some degree in other regions. It is associated with several positions, such as right-wing populism, anti-globalization, nati ...

                                               

Neoevolutionism

Neoevolutionism as a social theory attempts to explain the evolution of societies by drawing on Charles Darwins theory of evolution while discarding some dogmas of the previous theories of social evolutionism. Neoevolutionism is concerned with lo ...

                                               

Neofunctionalism (sociology)

Neofunctionalism is the perspective that all integration is the result of past integration. The term may also be used to literally describe a social theory that is "post" traditional structural functionalism. Whereas theorists such as Jeffrey C. ...

                                               

Neuroanthropology

Cultural neuroscience is another area that focuses on socialitys impact on the brain. However, unlike neuroanthropology, cultural neuroscience only borrows ideas from other humanistic sciences, such as anthropology and psychology, without direct, ...

                                               

Non-place

Non-place or nonplace is a neologism coined by the French anthropologist Marc Auge to refer to anthropological spaces of transience where the human beings remain anonymous and that do not hold enough significance to be regarded as "places". Examp ...

                                               

Oligopticon

Bruno Latour proposes the idea of an Oligopticon as a site for the manufacture of social structures. He contrasts the oligopticon with Michel Foucaults account of the surveillance mechanism that is the Panopticon. Whereas the ideal of the panopti ...

                                               

Cyber-ethnography

Cyber-ethnography, also known as virtual ethnography, and most commonly online ethnography, is an online research method that adapts ethnographic methods to the study of the communities and cultures created through computer-mediated social intera ...

                                               

Original affluent society

The "original affluent society" is a theory which states hunter-gatherers were the original affluent society. This theory was first stated by Marshall Sahlins at a symposium entitled "Man the Hunter" in 1966. He believes hunter-gatherers were abl ...

                                               

Paleofeces

Paleofeces are ancient human feces, often found as part of archaeological excavations or surveys. The term coprolite is often used interchangeably, although coprolite can also refer to fossilized animal feces. Intact feces of ancient people may b ...

                                               

Paleoanthropology

Paleoanthropology or paleo-anthropology is a branch of paleontology with a human focus, which seeks to understand the early development of anatomically modern humans, a process known as hominization, through the reconstruction of evolutionary kin ...

                                               

Paleoethnobotany

Paleoethnobotany or archaeobotany is the archaeological sub-field that studies plant remains from archaeological sites. Basing on the recovery and identification of plant remains and the ecological and cultural information available for modern pl ...

                                               

Paleolithic

The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic or Palæolithic, also called the Old Stone Age, is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 99% of the time period of human technological prehistory. It ex ...

                                               

Paleoradiology

Paleoradiology is the study of archaeological remains through the use of radiographic techniques, such as X-ray, CT and micro-CT scans. It is predominately used by archaeologists and anthropologists to examine mummified remains due to its non-inv ...

                                               

Palingenetic ultranationalism

Palingenetic ultranationalism is a theory concerning generic fascism formulated by British political theorist Roger Griffin. The key element of this theory is the belief that fascism can be defined by its core myth, namely that of revolution in o ...

                                               

Parlour boarder

A parlour boarder is an archaic term for a privileged category of pupil at a boarding school. Parlour boarders are described by a modern historian as paying more than the other pupils, in return for which they got a room of their own. A parlour w ...

                                               

Pecos conference

The Pecos Conference is an annual conference of archaeologists that is held in the southwestern United States or northern Mexico. Each August, archaeologists gather under open skies somewhere in the southwestern United States or northern Mexico. ...

                                               

People watching

People watching or crowd watching is the act of observing people and their interactions, usually without their knowledge. It involves picking up on idiosyncrasies to try to guess at another persons story. This includes speech in action, relations ...

                                               

Phatic expression

In linguistics, a phatic expression is communication which serves a social function, such as social pleasantries that dont seek or offer information of intrinsic value but can signal willingness to observe conventional local expectations for poli ...

                                               

Plastiglomerate

Plastiglomerate is a term that was proposed by Patricia Corcoran, Charles J. Moore and Kelly Jazvac for a stone that contains mixtures of sedimentary grains, and other natural debris that is held together by hardened molten plastic. It has been c ...

                                               

Political anthropology

Political anthropology is a subfield of sociocultural anthropology, but like anthropology as a whole, it remains immune to precise delimitation. The core of political anthropology is the comparative, fieldwork-based examination of politics in a b ...

                                               

Political ecology

Political ecology is the study of the relationships between political, economic and social factors with environmental issues and changes. Political ecology differs from apolitical ecological studies by politicizing environmental issues and phenom ...

                                               

Polygyny

Polygyny is the most common and accepted form of polygamy, entailing the marriage of a man with several women. Polyandry is another form of polygamy in which women practice having two or more husbands. Most countries which permit polygyny are Mus ...

                                               

Polymedia

Polymedia is an anthropological notion that was introduced by Daniel Miller and Mirca Madianou in recognition of the way most people today use a wide variety of communication media. They claim that as individual communication acts are no longer d ...

                                               

Poppet

In folk magic and witchcraft, a poppet is a doll made to represent a person, for casting spells on that person or to aid that person through magic. They are occasionally found lodged in chimneys. These dolls may be fashioned from such materials a ...

                                               

Postmodernist anthropology

Postmodern theory in anthropology originated in the 1960s along with the literary postmodern movement in general. Anthropologists working in this vein of inquiry seek to dissect, interpret and write cultural critiques. One issue discussed by PM a ...

                                               

Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories

Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact theories speculate about possible visits to or interactions with the Americas, the indigenous peoples of the Americas, or both, by people from Africa, Asia, Europe, or Oceania at a time prior to Christopher Col ...

                                               

Primitivism

Primitivism is a mode of aesthetic idealization that either emulates or aspires to recreate "primitive" experience. In Western art, primitivism typically has borrowed from non-Western or prehistoric people perceived to be "primitive", such as Pau ...

                                               

Proto-civilisation

Proto-civilisation is the transitional state between a society structured as a collection of tribal chieftains, perhaps owing allegiance to a paramount chief, and the development of a full urban civilization, in which people live in a graded hier ...

                                               

Proto-Malay

The term Proto-Malay, which translates to Melayu Asli or Melayu Purba or Melayu Tua, refers to Austronesian speakers, possibly from mainland Asia, who moved to the Malay peninsula and Malay archipelago in a long series of migrations between 2500 ...

                                               

Protoculture

In physical anthropology, protoculture is the passing of behaviours from one generation to another among non-human primates. These cultures are very rudimentary, and do not exhibit complex cultural technology. For example, tool usage is learned b ...

                                               

Psychological anthropology

Psychological anthropology is an interdisciplinary subfield of anthropology that studies the interaction of cultural and mental processes. This subfield tends to focus on ways in which humans development and enculturation within a particular cult ...

                                               

Public anthropology

Public anthropology, according to Robert Borofsky, a professor at Hawaii Pacific University, "demonstrates the ability of anthropology and anthropologists to effectively address problems beyond the discipline - illuminating larger social issues o ...

                                               

Skhul and Qafzeh hominins

The Skhul/Qafzeh hominins or Qafzeh–Skhul early modern humans are hominin fossils discovered in the Qafzeh and Es Skhul Caves in Israel. They are today classified as Homo sapiens, among the earliest of their species in Eurasia. Skhul Cave is on t ...

                                               

Race and intelligence

The connection between race and intelligence has been a subject of debate in both popular science and academic research since the inception of IQ testing in the early 20th century. Since then, there have been observed differences between average ...

                                               

Race relations

Race relations is a concept which emerged in Chicago following the Chicago race riot of 1919. In the wake of this violence the city authorities established the Chicago Commission on Race Relations. This was composed entirely of men, six African-A ...

                                               

Reterritorialization

Reterritorialization is the restructuring of a place or territory that has experienced deterritorialization. Deterritorialization is a term created by Deleuze and Guattari in their philosophical project Capitalism and Schizophrenia. They distingu ...

                                               

Revitalization movement

In 1956, Anthony F. C. Wallace published a paper called Revitalization Movements to describe how cultures change themselves. A revitalization movement is a "deliberate, organized, conscious effort by members of a society to construct a more satis ...

                                               

Rossville points

Rossville points are a type of arrowhead first recognized as a unique Native American cultural indicator in 1909 by archaeologists of the American Museum of Natural History. They were named by archaeologist Alanson Skinner after the Rossville sec ...

                                               

Sahlins–Obeyesekere debate

The Sahlins–Obeyesekere debate is an academic controversy in anthropology about the death of the British explorer James Cook, particularly whether the native Hawaiians believed him to be Lono, a deity associated with fertility, agriculture, rainf ...

                                               

Salvage anthropology

Salvage anthropology is related to salvage ethnography, but often refers specifically to the collection of cultural artifacts and human remains, rather than the general collection of data and images.

                                               

Salvage ethnography

Salvage ethnography is the recording of the practices and folklore of cultures threatened with extinction, including as a result of modernization. It is generally associated with the American anthropologist Franz Boas; he and his students aimed t ...

                                               

Sedentism

In cultural anthropology, sedentism is the practice of living in one place for a long time. As of 2019, the majority of people belong to sedentary cultures. In evolutionary anthropology and archaeology, sedentism takes on a slightly different sub ...

                                               

Segmentary lineage

A segmentary lineage society has equivalent parts held together by shared values. A segmentary lineage society is a type of tribal society. A close family is usually the smallest and closest segment and will generally stand together. That family ...

                                               

Semiotic anthropology

The phrase semiotic anthropology was first used by Milton Singer. Singers work brought together the semiotics of Charles Sanders Peirce and Roman Jakobson with theoretical streams that had long been flowing in and around the University of Chicago ...

                                               

Sensory Ethnography Lab

The Sensory Ethnography Lab at Harvard University is an interdisciplinary center for the making of anthropologically informed works of media that combine aesthetics and ethnography. Production courses associated with the SEL are offered through A ...

                                               

Sexual division of labour

The sexual division of labour is the delegation of different tasks between males and females. Among human foragers, males and females target different types of foods and share them with each other for a mutual or familial benefit. In some species ...

                                               

Shrunken head

A shrunken head is a severed and specially prepared human head that is used for trophy, ritual, or trade purposes. Headhunting has occurred in many regions of the world, but the practice of headshrinking has only been documented in the northweste ...

                                               

Sib (anthropology)

Sib is a technical term in the discipline of anthropology which originally denoted a kinship group among Anglo-Saxon and other Germanic peoples. In an extended sense, it then became the standard term for a variety of other kinds of lineal or cogn ...

                                               

Social class

A social class is a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lowe ...

                                               

Social status

Social status is a measurement of a social value. More specifically, it refers to the relative level of respect, honor, assumed competence, and deference accorded to people, groups, and organizations in a society. Some writers have also referred ...

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