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Crossed letter

A crossed letter is a manuscript letter which contains two separate sets of writing, one written over the other at right-angles. This was done during the early days of the postal system in the 19th century to save on expensive postage charges, as ...

                                               

Dictated but not read

"Dictated but not read" is a phrase used at the end of a text to warn that the written material has not been personally written or verified by the author. The material may have been dictated to a secretary when the author had no time to proofread ...

                                               

Dictation (exercise)

Dictation is the transcription of spoken text: one person who is "dictating" speaks and another who is "taking dictation" writes down the words as they are spoken. Among speakers of several languages, dictation is used as a test of language skill ...

                                               

Distributive writing

Distributive writing is the collective authorship of texts. This further requires both a definition of collective and texts, where collective means a connected group of individuals and texts are inscribed symbols chained together to achieve a lar ...

                                               

Ductus (linguistics)

In linguistics, ductus is the qualities and characteristics of speaking or writing instantiated in the act of speaking or the flow of writing the text. For instance, in writing, ductus includes the direction, sequencing, and speed with which the ...

                                               

Dysorthography

                                               

Ecocomposition

Ecocomposition is a way of looking at literacy using concepts from ecology. It is a postprocess theory of writing instruction that tries to account for factors beyond hierarchically defined goals within social settings; however, it doesnt dismiss ...

                                               

Embodied writing

Embodied writing practices are used by academics and artists to highlight the connection between writing and the body., bring consciousness to the cultural implications of academic writing, and inform an understanding of art forms as first person ...

                                               

Emergent literacies

Emergent literacy is a term that is used to explain a childs knowledge of reading and writing skills before they learn how to read and write words. It signals a belief that, in literate society, young children - even one- and two-year-olds - are ...

                                               

English script (calligraphy)

English script is a cursive style, used especially for capital letters, which first emerged in 18th century England, and later spread across the world. This very elaborate script appeared with the spread of the metallic quill. In the late 19th an ...

                                               

Eratosphere

Eratosphere is the largest online free-to-join workshop for formal poetry. Additionally, it is a forum for free verse, for poetry and prose translation, fiction, art, literary criticism, and critical discussions on writing. It was founded in 1999 ...

                                               

Essay

An essay is, generally, a piece of writing that gives the authors own argument - but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of a paper, an article, a pamphlet, and a short story. Essays have traditionally been sub-classified as formal an ...

                                               

European Association for the Teaching of Academic Writing

The European Association for the Teaching of Academic Writing is an academic association supporting scholarly activity in academic writing. The association was first established in 1999 with the first conference being held in 2001. The Europe-wid ...

                                               

Feminist theory in composition studies

Feminist theory in composition studies is the application of feminist theory to composition studies. It considers the influence of gender, language, and cultural studies on composition in order to challenge preexisting conventions.

                                               

Five-paragraph essay

The five-paragraph essay is a format of essay having five paragraphs: one introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs with support and development, and one concluding paragraph. Because of this structure, it is also known as a hamburger essay, ...

                                               

Fix-up

A fix-up is a novel created from several short fiction stories that may or may not have been initially related or previously published. The stories may be edited for consistency, and sometimes new connecting material, such as a frame story or oth ...

                                               

Free writing

Free writing has traditionally been seen as a prewriting technique in academic environments, in which a person writes continuously for a set period of time without worrying about rhetorical concerns or conventions and mechanics, sometimes working ...

                                               

Graffiti

Graffiti is writing or drawings made on a wall or other surface, usually as a form of artistic expression, without permission and within public view. Graffiti ranges from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings, and has existed since anc ...

                                               

Graphism

Graphism refers to the "expression of thought in material symbols". Graphism began some 30.000 years BC, not as a photographic representation of reality but as an abstraction that was geared toward magical-religious matters. Early graphism then w ...

                                               

Graphocentrism

Graphocentrism or scriptism is a typically unconscious interpretative bias in which writing is privileged over speech. Biases in favor of the written or printed word are closely associated with the ranking of sight above sound, the eye above the ...

                                               

Graphomania

Graphomania, also known as scribomania, is an obsessive impulse to write. When used in a specific psychiatric context, it labels a morbid mental condition which results in writing rambling and confused statements, often degenerating into a meanin ...

                                               

Horizontal progression

In Western handwriting, horizontal progression is the gradual movement from left to right during writing a line of text. In Hebrew and Arabic writing systems, the movement is from right to left.

                                               

Hypergraphia

Hypergraphia is a behavioral condition characterized by the intense desire to write or draw. Forms of hypergraphia can vary in writing style and content. It is a symptom associated with temporal lobe changes in epilepsy, which is the cause of the ...

                                               

IMRAD

In scientific writing, IMRAD or IMRaD is a common organizational structure. IMRaD is the most prominent norm for the structure of a scientific journal article of the original research type.

                                               

Incunable

An incunable, or sometimes incunabulum, is a book, pamphlet, or broadside printed in Europe before the year 1501. Incunabula are not manuscripts, which are documents written by hand. As of 2014, there are about 30.000 distinct known incunable edi ...

                                               

Initial sound table

An initial sound table is a table, list or chart which shows the initial sound letter of a word together with its picture. The initial sound table can assist students to recognise initial sounds and to get first reading and writing skills. In 165 ...

                                               

Intensive journal method

The intensive journal method is a psychotherapeutic technique largely developed in 1966 at Drew University and popularized by Ira Progoff. It consists of a series of writing exercises using loose leaf notebook paper in a simple ring binder, divid ...

                                               

Journal therapy

Journal therapy is a writing therapy focusing on the writers internal experiences, thoughts and feelings. This kind of therapy uses reflective writing enabling the writer to gain mental and emotional clarity, validate experiences and come to a de ...

                                               

Latrinalia

Latrinalia is a type of deliberately inscribed marking made on latrines; that is, bathrooms or lavatory walls. It can take the form of art, drawings, or words, including poetry and personal reflections. Other types of latrinalia include political ...

                                               

Legibility

Legibility is the ease with which a reader can recognize individual characters in text. "The legibility of a typeface is related to the characteristics inherent in its design … which relate to the ability to distinguish one letter from the other. ...

                                               

Level of detail (writing)

Level of detail in writing, sometimes known as level of abstraction, refers to three concepts: the precision in using the right words to form phrases, clauses and sentences; the generality of statements; and the organisational strategy in which a ...

                                               

Liner notes

Liner notes are the writings found on the sleeves of LP record albums and in booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or the equivalent packaging for vinyl records and cassettes.

                                               

Literary element

A literary element, or narrative element, or element of literature is a constituent of all works of narrative fiction - a necessary feature of verbal storytelling that can be found in any written or spoken narrative. This distinguishes them from ...

                                               

Manu propria

Manu propria, abbreviated to m.p. or mppria is a phrase sometimes used at the end of typewritten or printed documents when there is no handwritten signature. It is typically found just after the name of the person who would have signed the docume ...

                                               

Manuscript (publishing)

A manuscript is the work that an author submits to a publisher, editor, or producer for publication. In publishing, manuscript can also refer to one or both of the following: an accepted manuscript, reviewed but not yet in a final format, distrib ...

                                               

Marginalia

Marginalia are marks made in the margins of a book or other document. They may be scribbles, comments, glosses, critiques, doodles, or illuminations.

                                               

Master of Professional Writing Program

A Master of Professional Writing Program is a type of graduate degree program in professional writing. Chatham University in Pennsylvania has an online MPW program. The University of Southern Californias MPW program ended in May 2016, at which po ...

                                               

Naked Writing

Naked writing is a creative writing process which allows readers to observe the writing as it happens, before final edits are made by parties including the writer, agents, editors or publishers. Traditionally, a manuscript changes between the ini ...

                                               

Opening sentence

At the beginning of a written work stands the opening sentence. The opening line is part or all of the opening sentence that may start the lead paragraph. For older texts the Latin term "incipit" is in use for the very first words of the opening ...

                                               

Outline (list)

An outline, also called a hierarchical outline, is a list arranged to show hierarchical relationships and is a type of tree structure. An outline is used to present the main points or topics of a given subject. Each item in an outline may be divi ...

                                               

Paragraph

A paragraph is a self-contained unit of a discourse in writing dealing with a particular point or idea. A paragraph consists of one or more sentences. Though not required by the syntax of any language, paragraphs are usually an expected part of f ...

                                               

Paragraphos

A paragraphos was a mark in ancient Greek punctuation, marking a division in a text or drawing the readers attention to another division mark, such as the two dot punctuation mark ⟨ ⁚ ⟩. There are many variants of this symbol, sometimes supposed ...

                                               

Performative writing

Performative writing is a form of post-modernist or avant-garde academic writing, often taking as its subject a work of visual art or performance art. It is heavily informed by critical theory, but arises ultimately from linguistic ideas around p ...

                                               

Persuasive writing

Persuasive writing intends to convince readers to believe in an idea or opinion and to do an action. Many writings such as criticisms, reviews, reaction papers, editorials, proposals, advertisements, and brochures use different ways of persuasion ...

                                               

Phonetic complement

A phonetic complement is a phonetic symbol used to disambiguate word characters that have multiple readings, in mixed logographic-phonetic scripts such as Egyptian hieroglyphs, Akkadian cuneiform, Japanese, and Mayan. Often they reenforce the com ...

                                               

Phonological dyslexia

Phonological dyslexia is a reading disability that is a form of alexia, resulting from brain injury, stroke, or progressive illness and that affects previously acquired reading abilities. The major distinguishing symptom of acquired phonological ...

                                               

Poetic contraction

Poetic contractions are contractions of words found in poetry but not commonly used in everyday modern English. Also known as elision, these contractions are usually used to lower the amount of syllables in a particular word in order to adhere to ...

                                               

Postscript

A postscript is an afterthought, thought thats occurring after the letter has been written and signed. The term comes from the Latin post scriptum, an expression meaning "written after". A postscript may be a sentence, a paragraph, or occasionall ...

                                               

Potboiler

A potboiler or pot-boiler is a novel, play, opera, film, or other creative work of dubious literary or artistic merit, whose main purpose was to pay for the creators daily expenses - thus the imagery of "boil the pot", which means "to provide one ...

                                               

Prewriting

Prewriting is the first stage of the writing process, typically followed by drafting, revision, editing and publishing. Prewriting can consist of a combination of outlining, diagramming, storyboarding, clustering for a technique similar to cluste ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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