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Social conflict

Social conflict is the struggle for agency or power in society. Social conflict occurs when two or more actors oppose each other in social interaction, each exerts social power with reciprocity in an effort to achieve incompatible goals whilst pr ...

                                               

Adversarial process

An adversarial process is one that supports conflicting one-sided positions held by individuals, groups or entire societies, as inputs into the conflict resolution situation, typically with rewards for prevailing in the outcome. Often the form of ...

                                               

Ecological distributive conflict

Distributive ecological conflict is a term introduced by Joan Martinez-Alier and Martin OConnor to characterise the conflictive dynamics generated in the exercise of power, when using natural resources, where different social actors enter into di ...

                                               

Internal conflict in Azawad

The Internal conflict in Azawad has been a two-year-long insurgency in Northern Mali between a pro-independence ultra Nationalist group, the MNLA and a coalition of Islamists terror groups. The conflict began when Northern Mali declared itself in ...

                                               

Prohibition of drugs

The prohibition of drugs through sumptuary legislation or religious law is a common means of attempting to prevent the recreational use of certain intoxicating substances. While some drugs are illegal to possess, many governments regulate the man ...

                                               

Ecocide

Ecocide is criminalized human activity that violates the principles of environmental justice, such as causing extensive damage or destroying ecosystems or harming the health and well-being of a species. It has not yet been accepted as an internat ...

                                               

Environmental inequality in the United Kingdom

Environmental inequality in the United Kingdom is the way in which the quality of the environment differs between different communities in the UK. These differences are felt across a number of aspects of the environment, including air pollution, ...

                                               

Environmental racism

Environmental racism is a concept in the environmental justice movement, which developed throughout the 1970s and 1980s in the United States. The term is used to describe environmental injustice that occurs in practice and in policy within a raci ...

                                               

Foreign direct investment and the environment

Foreign direct investment and the environment involves international businesses and their interactions and impact on the natural world. These interactions can be observed through the stringency applied to foreign direct investment policy and the ...

                                               

Global environmental inequality

Global environmental inequality refers to "the expression of an environmental burden that would be borne primarily by disadvantaged and /or minority populations or by territories suffering from a certain poverty and exclusion of these inhabitants ...

                                               

Green Drinks

Green Drinks is an informal networking event where environmentally minded people meet over drinks. Started in London in 1989, by Edwin Datschefski, Paul Scott, Ian Grant and Yorick Benjamin, it has spread to 51 cities in the United Kingdom, 400 i ...

                                               

Green Map

Green Maps are locally created environmentally themed maps with a universal symbol set and map-making resources provided by the non-profit Green Map System. Based on the principles of cartography a Green Map plots the locations of a communitys na ...

                                               

Piplantri

The villagers of Piplantri plants 111 trees every time a girl child is born and the community ensures these trees survive, attaining fruition as the girls grow up. India has a huge deficit of girls because society is obsessed with the male child. ...

                                               

Solastalgia

Solastalgia is a neologism that describes a form of emotional or existential distress caused by environmental change. It is best described as the lived experience of negatively perceived environmental change. Albrecht describes it as "the homesic ...

                                               

Treadmill of destruction

The Treadmill of destruction refers to the global phenomenon that the past and on-going military activities/expenditures and societal-environmental interactions, warrants for the significant degradation of the environment. With the modernization ...

                                               

Women and the environment

In the early 1960s, an interest in women and their connection with the environment was sparked, largely by a book written by Esther Boserup entitled Womans Role in Economic Development. Starting in the 1980s, policy makers and governments became ...

                                               

WWF (file format)

WWF is a modification of the open standard PDF format for document exchange endorsed by the World Wide Fund for Nature Germany. The WWF format is promoted as being more environmentally friendly than other comparable document exchange formats sinc ...

                                               

Women in law

Women in law describes the role played by women in the legal profession and related occupations, which includes lawyers, paralegals, prosecutors, judges, legal scholars, law professors and law school deans.

                                               

Institution

Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntington, are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior". Further, institutions can refer to mechanisms which govern the behavior of a set of individuals within a given community; moreover, institution ...

                                               

Amenity

In real estate and lodging, an amenity is something considered to benefit a property and thereby increase its value. Tangible amenities can include the number and nature of guest rooms and the provision of facilities such as elevators, wi-fi, res ...

                                               

Banyan merchants

Banyan merchants is an expression used widely in the Indian Ocean trade to refer to Indian merchants who are clearly distinguished from others, by their clothing, by their religious and cultural dietary choices, and by the manner in which they co ...

                                               

Diaper bank

A diaper bank is a social institution or nonprofit organization formed for the sole purpose of providing diapers to people in poverty who do not have access to diapers. Federally funded public assistance programs do not pay for or contribute to t ...

                                               

Eufunction

In sociology, a social institution has eufunctions when some of its aspects contribute to the maintenance or survival of another social activity. In the complexity of a society, any particular activity can have good and/or bad consequences and it ...

                                               

Fridstoll

Among ancient English writers, fridstoll, or frithstow, signified a seat, chair, or place of peace. The most famous surviving examples are in Beverley Minster, which has the inscription Haec sedes lapidea Freedstoll dicitur, i.e. Pacis Cathedra, ...

                                               

Indian Students' Union and Hostel

The Indian Students Union and Hostel is a YMCA hostel in Fitzroy Square, Fitzrovia, London. It was founded in 1920 by the Indian National Council of YMCAs to provide housing and social facilities for Indian students in London. Key individuals who ...

                                               

Institutional abuse

Institutional abuse is the maltreatment of a person from a system of power. This can range from acts similar to home-based child abuse, such as neglect, physical and sexual abuse, and hunger, to the effects of assistance programs working below ac ...

                                               

Institutional analysis

Institutional analysis is that part of the social sciences which studies how institutions - i.e., structures and mechanisms of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of two or more individuals - behave and function according to both ...

                                               

Institutional complementarity

Institutional complementarity refers to situations of interdependence among institutions. This concept is frequently used to explain the degree of institutional diversity that can be observed across and within socio-economic systems, and its cons ...

                                               

Institutional sclerosis

Societies or individual institutions that fail to adapt and change at a sufficient pace are sometimes described as displaying institutional sclerosis. It is associated with continuity and stability, and may hamper economic growth.

                                               

Institutional trust (social sciences)

Institutional trust is a dynamic relationship between an individual and an institution. It is a form/sub-type of trust and is distinguished by the potential magnitude of its effect. The relationship can be analyzed through techniques developed fo ...

                                               

Institutional work

Created by Thomas Lawrence and Roy Suddaby, the concept of institutional work refers to" the broad category of purposive action aimed at creating, maintaining, and disrupting institutions and businesses.” The focus of institutional work shifts aw ...

                                               

Institutionalisation

Institutionalisation refers to the process of embedding some conception within an organization, social system, or society as a whole. The term may also be used to refer to committing a particular individual or group to an institution, such as a m ...

                                               

Linkage institution

A linkage institution is a structure within a society that connects the people to the government or centralized authority. These institutions include: elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media. Popular examples of Linkage Insti ...

                                               

Remarriage

Remarriage is a marriage that takes place after a previous marital union has ended, as through divorce or widowhood. Some individuals are more likely to remarry than others; the likelihood can differ based on previous relationship status, level o ...

                                               

Sanctuary

A sanctuary, in its original meaning, is a sacred place, such as a shrine. By the use of such places as a haven, by extension the term has come to be used for any place of safety. This secondary use can be categorized into human sanctuary, a safe ...

                                               

Social Register

The Social Register is a semi-annual publication in the United States that indexes the members of American high society. First published in the 1880s by newspaper columnist Louis Keller, it was later acquired by Malcolm Forbes. Since 2014, it has ...

                                               

Widow conservation

Widow conservation was a practice in Protestant Europe in the early modern age, when the widow of a parish vicar would marry her husbands successor to the vicarage to ensure her economic support. The practice was common in Scandinavia and Protest ...

                                               

Black Report

The Black Report was a 1980 document published by the Department of Health and Social Security in the United Kingdom, which was the report of the expert committee into health inequality chaired by Sir Douglas Black. It was demonstrated that altho ...

                                               

Comprehensive medication management

Comprehensive medication management is the process of delivering clinical services aimed at ensuring a patients medications are individually assessed to determine that they have an appropriate reason for use, are efficacious for treating their re ...

                                               

Doctor–patient relationship

The doctor–patient relationship is a central part of health care and the practice of medicine. The doctor–patient relationship forms one of the foundations of contemporary medical ethics.

                                               

Medical certificate

A medical certificate or doctors certificate is a written statement from a physician or another medically qualified health care provider which attests to the result of a medical examination of a patient. It can serve as a "sick note" or evidence ...

                                               

Medical certifications for pilots

In the United States, there are three classes of medical certifications for pilots ; such certificates are required to legally exercise the privileges of a Pilot exercising the privileges of either a Private, Commercial or Airline Transport Pilot ...

                                               

Medical explanations of bewitchment

Medical explanations of bewitchment, especially as exhibited during the Salem witch trials but in other witch-hunts as well, have emerged because it is not widely believed today that symptoms of those claiming affliction were actually caused by b ...

                                               

Medical paternalism

Medical paternalism is a set of attitudes and practices in medicine in which a physician determines that a patients wishes or choices should not be honored. These practices were current through the early to mid 20th century, and were characterise ...

                                               

Esperanto movement

The Esperanto movement, less commonly referred to as Esperantism, is a movement to disseminate the use of the planned international language Esperanto. The movement does not aim to supplant national languages but merely to supplement them. The mo ...

                                               

Shikharji Movement

Shikharji Movement is a campaign by Jains to protest against state governments project related to the development of infrastructure on the hill of Shikharji considered sacred by the Jains. This movement was initiated by Jain monk Aacharya Yugbhus ...

                                               

Public sphere

The public sphere is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action. Such a discussion is called public debate and is defined as ...

                                               

Public address system

A public address system is an electronic system comprising microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers, and related equipment. It increases the apparent volume of a human voice, musical instrument, or other acoustic sound source or recorded sound or mu ...

                                               

Public affairs (broadcasting)

In broadcasting, public affairs radio or television programs focus on matters of politics and public policy. Among commercial broadcasters, such programs are often only to satisfy Federal Communications Commission regulatory expectations and are ...

                                               

Public aquarium

A public aquarium is the aquatic counterpart of a zoo, which houses living aquatic animal and plant specimens for public viewing. Most public aquariums feature tanks larger than those kept by home aquarists, as well as smaller tanks. Since the fi ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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