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Circuit training

Circuit training is a form of body conditioning or resistance training using high-intensity aerobics. It targets strength building and muscular endurance. An exercise "circuit" is one completion of all prescribed exercises in the program. When on ...

                                               

Closed kinetic chain exercises

Closed kinetic chain exercises or closed chain exercises are physical exercises performed where the hand or foot is fixed in space and cannot move. The extremity remains in constant contact with the immobile surface, usually the ground or the bas ...

                                               

Complex training

Complex training, also known as contrast training or post-activation potentiation training, involves the integration of strength training and plyometrics in a training system designed to improve explosive power. According to Jace Derwin: Strength ...

                                               

Concentric hypertrophy

Concentric hypertrophy is a hypertrophic growth of a hollow organ without overall enlargement, in which the walls of the organ are thickened and its capacity or volume is diminished. Sarcomeres are added in parallel, as for example occurs in hype ...

                                               

Continuous training

Contini Training, also known as continuous exercise or steady state training, is any type of physical training that involves activity without rest intervals. Continuous training can be performed at low, moderate, or high exercise intensities, and ...

                                               

Cooling down

Cooling down is an easy exercise, done after a more intense activity, to allow the body to gradually transition to a resting or near-resting state. Depending on the intensity of the exercise, cooling down can involve a slow jog or walk. With lowe ...

                                               

Core stability

Core stability refers to a persons ability to stabilize their core. Stability, in this context, should be considered as an ability to control the position and movement of the core. Thus, if a person has greater core stability, they have a greater ...

                                               

CrossFit

CrossFit is a branded fitness regimen created by Greg Glassman. It is a registered trademark of CrossFit, Inc., which was founded by Glassman and Lauren Jenai in 2000. CrossFit is promoted as both a physical exercise philosophy and a competitive ...

                                               

Cycling

Cycling, also called biking or bicycling, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport. People engaged in cycling are referred to as "cyclists", "bikers", or less commonly, as "bicyclists". Apart from two-wheeled bicycles, ...

                                               

DailyBurn

DailyBurn is a health and fitness company with a membership of approximately 2.5 million that provides workout and nutrition programs on a variety of web, mobile, and TV apps. DailyBurn streaming workout videos are led by master trainers and prod ...

                                               

Diabetes and exercise

Diabetes mellitus, also known as type II diabetes, is a disease that affects over three million people in the U.S. per year. This disease affects the glucose levels in the body by causing them to rise higher than normal. In type II diabetic patie ...

                                               

Dog walking

Dog walking is the act of a person walking with a dog, typically from the dogs residence and then returning. Both owners and pets receive many benefits, including exercise and companionship.

                                               

Dưỡng sinh

The exercise dưỡng sinh or Dưỡng Sinh is a form of partly indigenous breathing and yoga exercise similar to Tai Chi popularized in Vietnam by the historian and political activist Nguyễn Khắc Vien. Vien had been trained as a medical doctor in the ...

                                               

Dynamic Tension

"Dynamic Tension" is the name Charles Atlas gave to the system of physical exercises that he first popularized in the 1920s. Dynamic Tension is a self-resistance exercise method which pits muscle against muscle. The practitioner tenses the muscle ...

                                               

Electrical muscle stimulation

Electrical muscle stimulation, also known as neuromuscular electrical stimulation or electromyostimulation, is the elicitation of muscle contraction using electric impulses. EMS has received an increasing amount of attention in the last few years ...

                                               

EPODE International Network

EPODE International Network is a not for profit, non-governmental organisation that seeks to support childhood obesity-prevention programmes across the world, via best practice sharing and capacity building. The name EPODE comes from Ensemble Pre ...

                                               

Exercise addiction

Exercise addiction is a state characterized by a compulsive engagement in any form of physical exercise, despite negative consequences. While regular exercise is generally a healthy activity, exercise addiction generally involves performing exces ...

                                               

Exercise and androgen levels

Physical exercise has been found to be associated with changes in androgen levels. In cross-sectional analyses, aerobic exercisers have lower basal total and free testosterone compared to the sedentary. Anaerobic exercisers also have lower testos ...

                                               

Exercise hypertension

Exercise hypertension is an excessive rise in blood pressure during exercise. Many of those with exercise hypertension have spikes in systolic pressure to 250 mmHg or greater. A rise in systolic blood pressure to over 200 mmHg when exercising at ...

                                               

Exercise intensity

Exercise intensity refers to how much energy is expended when exercising. Perceived intensity varies with each person. It has been found that intensity has an effect on what fuel the body uses and what kind of adaptations the body makes after exe ...

                                               

Exercise intolerance

Exercise intolerance is a condition of inability or decreased ability to perform physical exercise at what would be considered to be the normally expected level or duration. It also includes experiences of unusually severe post-exercise pain, fat ...

                                               

Exercise prescription

Exercise prescription commonly refers to the specific plan of fitness-related activities that are designed for a specified purpose, which is often developed by a fitness or rehabilitation specialist for the client or patient. Due to the specific ...

                                               

Exercise prescription software

Exercise prescription software is a branch of computer software designed to aid in the construction of exercise programmes or regimes for patients who require some kind of ongoing rehabilitation. Exercise prescription is common in physiotherapy p ...

                                               

Exercise therapy for idiopathic inflammatory myopathies

Although they vary in particulars, polymyositis, dermatomyositis and inclusion body myositis are idiopathic inflammatory myopathies primarily characterized by chronic inflammation of human skeletal muscle tissue that ultimately causes the necrosi ...

                                               

Exercise trends

Worldwide there has been a large shift towards less physically demanding work and a more sedentary lifestyle. This has been accompanied by increasing use of mechanized transportation, a greater prevalence of labor saving technology in the home, a ...

                                               

Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction

Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction is a transient, reversible narrowing of the larynx that occurs during high intensity exercise. This acts to impair airflow and cause shortness of breath, stridor and often discomfort in the throat and upper ...

                                               

Facial toning

Facial toning, or facial exercise is a type of cosmetic procedure or physical therapy tool which promises to alter facial contours by means of increasing muscle tone, and facial volume by promoting muscular hypertrophy, and preventing muscle loss ...

                                               

Fascia training

Fascia training describes sports activities and movement exercises that attempt to improve the functional properties of the muscular connective tissues in the human body, such as tendons, ligaments, joint capsules and muscular envelopes. Also cal ...

                                               

Feldenkrais Method

The Feldenkrais Method is a type of exercise therapy devised by Israeli Moshe Feldenkrais during the mid-20th century. The method is claimed to reorganize connections between the brain and body and so improve body movement and psychological state ...

                                               

Fitness boot camp

A fitness boot camp is a type of group physical training program that may be conducted by gyms, personal trainers or other organizations. These programs are designed to build strength and fitness through a variety of types of exercise. The activi ...

                                               

Fitness culture

Fitness culture is a sociocultural phenomenon which refers to the culture surrounding exercise and physical fitness. It is usually associated with gym culture, as doing physical exercises in locations such as gyms, wellness centres and health clu ...

                                               

Fitness fashion

While fitness is defined as the condition of being physically fit and healthy, and fashion is a form of imitation and so of social equalization, strictly correlated with the wish of appearing as a well-accepted member of contemporary society, fit ...

                                               

Fitness trail

A fitness trail, trim trail or parcourse consists of a path or course with outdoor exercise equipment or obstacles installed along its length for exercising the human body to promote good health. The course is designed to promote physical fitness ...

                                               

Five Tibetan Rites

The Five Tibetan Rites is a system of exercises reported to be more than 2.500 years old which were first publicized by Peter Kelder in a 1939 publication titled The Eye of Revelation. The Rites are said to be a form of Tibetan yoga similar to th ...

                                               

Floor-Barre

Floor-barre is a technique in ballet training that "takes the basic ballet barre training from the standing position to the floor, "taking the effort of standing out of the equation." Zena RommettR originated Floor Barre in the 1960s in New York ...

                                               

Football strength

Football strength is a training regime, considered the most complex physical quality to be developed by an athlete. The training regime, exercises used, how the exercises are performed, and the types of equipment all play important roles in achie ...

                                               

Form (exercise)

See Kata for "Form" as used in the context of martial arts. Form is a specific way of performing a movement, often a strength training exercise, to avoid injury, prevent cheating and increase strength.

                                               

Functional training

Functional training has its origins in rehabilitation. Physical and occupational therapists and chiropractors often use this approach to retrain patients with movement disorders. Interventions are designed to incorporate task and context specific ...

                                               

General fitness training

General fitness training works towards broad goals of overall health and well-being, rather than narrow goals of sport competition, larger muscles or concerns over appearance. A regular moderate workout regimen and healthy diet can improve genera ...

                                               

General strength exercise

General strength exercises are the physical exercises that are used in overall body conditioning. They are not directly related to the specific actions seen in a specific sport. The overhead press exercise which is used by runners can illustrate ...

                                               

Gym

A gymnasium, also known as a gym, is a covered location for gymnastics, athletics and gymnastic services. The word is derived from the ancient Greek gymnasium. They are commonly found in athletic and fitness centres, and as activity and learning ...

                                               

Gymkhana (equestrian)

Gymkhana is an equestrian event consisting of speed pattern racing and timed games for riders on horses. These events often emphasize childrens participation and may be organized by a recognized Pony Club or a 4-H club. In parts of the western Un ...

                                               

Georges Hebert

Georges Hebert was a pioneering physical educator in the French military who developed a system of physical education and training known as "la methode naturelle" or hebertism, which combined the training of a wide variety of physical capacities ...

                                               

Hot cycling

Hot cycling refers to a spin class performed in a room heated between 80 and 84 degrees Fahrenheit. Like hot yoga, which uses heat to increase an individuals flexibility in the poses. Heated exercise at temperatures of 100 degrees Fahrenheit has ...

                                               

House Gymnastics

House Gymnastics is a sport created by James Robert Ford and Spencer Harrison. This fitness regime is akin to an indoor version of Parkour or an internet based, Fluxus "happening", which encourages maximum audience participation. The participant ...

                                               

Hypertrophy

Hypertrophy is the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells. It is distinguished from hyperplasia, in which the cells remain approximately the same size but increase in number. Although hypertroph ...

                                               

Illinois agility test

The Illinois agility test is a fitness test designed to test ones sport agility. It is a simple test which is easy to administer and requires little equipment. It tests the ability to turn in different directions and at different angles. The aim ...

                                               

Incremental exercise

Incremental exercise is exercise that increases in intensity over time. An incremental exercise test IET is determined by different variables. These include the initial starting rate, the consecutive work rates, increments and the duration of eac ...

                                               

Indian club

Indian clubs, which originated in the Indian subcontinent, are a type of exercise equipment used to present resistance in movement to develop strength and mobility. They consist of bowling-pin shaped wooden clubs of varying sizes and weights, whi ...

                                               

Indoor cycling

Indoor cycling, often also called spinning, as an organized sport, is a form of exercise with classes focusing on endurance, strength, intervals, high intensity and recovery, and involves using a special stationary exercise bicycle with a weighte ...