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Away colours

Away colours are a choice of coloured clothing used in team sports. They are required to be worn by one team during a game between teams that would otherwise wear the same colours as each other, or similar colours. This change prevents confusion ...

                                               

Beginner's luck

Beginners luck refers to the supposed phenomenon of novices experiencing disproportionate frequency of success or succeeding against an expert in a given activity. One would expect experts to outperform novices - when the opposite happens it is c ...

                                               

Behind closed doors (sport)

The term behind closed doors is used in several sports, primarily association football, to describe matches played where spectators are not allowed in the stadium to watch. The reasons for this may include punishment for a team found guilty of a ...

                                               

Bench-clearing brawl

A bench-clearing brawl, sometimes known as a basebrawl, is a form of ritualistic fighting that occurs in sports, most notably baseball and ice hockey, in which every player on both teams leaves their dugouts, bullpens or benches, and charges the ...

                                               

Benefit (sports)

A benefit is a match or season of activities granted by a sporting body to a loyal sportsman to boost their income before retirement. Often this is in the form of a match for which all the ticket proceeds are given to the player in question. Howe ...

                                               

Big-ways

A big way is a type of formation skydiving involving a large group of skydivers coming together while in freefall to form a specific and predetermined formation. All the skydivers involved aim to connect with each other and hold the complete form ...

                                               

Blackout (broadcasting)

In broadcasting, the term blackout refers to the non-airing of television or radio programming in a certain media market. It is particularly prevalent in the broadcasting of sports events, although other television or radio programs may be blacke ...

                                               

Blondes vs. Brunettes (charity event)

Blondes vs. Brunettes is a powderpuff football game played in cities across the United States. Proceeds from the event are donated to The Alzheimers Association. Games have been held in more than 40 cities and have cumulatively raised more than M ...

                                               

Blue chip (sports)

Blue chips are athletes, particularly high school players, targeted for drafting or signing by teams at the college level. Collegiate players being scouted by professional franchises may also be referred to as blue chips. Blue chip players are th ...

                                               

Bronze medal

A bronze medal in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of bronze awarded to the third-place finisher of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. The outright winner receives a go ...

                                               

Bye (sports)

A bye in sports refers to organizers scheduling a competitor not to participate in a given round of competition, due to one of several circumstances. In knock-out single-elimination tournaments they can be granted either to reward the highest ran ...

                                               

Cann table

A Cann table or Visual league table, is a method of displaying data in a league table. The purpose of the table is to give some idea of the actual points gap between the teams in the league by listing them next to their current points total. Wher ...

                                               

Cantera

Cantera, literally meaning "quarry" in Spanish, is a term used in Spain to refer to youth academies and farm teams organized by sports clubs. It is also used to refer to the geographical area that clubs recruit players from. The term is widely us ...

                                               

Cap (sport)

In sport, a cap is a metaphorical term for a players appearance in a game at international level. The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap to every player in an international match of association football. In the e ...

                                               

Carbohydrate loading

Carbohydrate loading, commonly referred to as carb-loading, is a strategy used by endurance athletes, such as runners, to maximise the storage of glycogen in the muscles and liver. Carbohydrate loading is also used in healthcare to optimise the c ...

                                               

Card stunt

Card stunts are a planned, coordinated sequence of actions performed by an audience, whose members raise cards that, in the aggregate, create a recognizable image. The images they create can range widely and, through careful planning, the same ca ...

                                               

Chronic training load

Chronic training load, often abbreviated as CTL, is the cumulative training dose that builds up over a long period of time. This concept is especially popular in cycling, among athletes who use a cycling power meter, which simplifies the collecti ...

                                               

Cinderella (sports)

In sports, the terms Cinderella, Cinderella story ", and Cinderella team are used to refer to situations in which competitors achieve far greater success than would reasonably have been expected. Cinderella stories tend to gain much media and fan ...

                                               

Club seating

The club level is usually located towards the middle of the stage of seating sections, above the lower deck but below the upper deck. They are usually situated near the luxury boxes, whether right above, right below, or sandwiched between two lev ...

                                               

Comeback (sports)

A comeback is an occurrence of an athlete or sports team engaged in a competition overcoming a substantial disadvantage in points or position. It has been described as "the single greatest aspect of competition that most embodies the spirit of wh ...

                                               

Contact sport

Contact sports are sports that emphasize or require physical contact between players. Some sports, such as mixed martial arts, are scored on impacting an opponent, while others, including rugby, require tackling of players. These sports are often ...

                                               

Continental championship

Continental championship may refer to: North American Championships disambiguation Pan American Championship disambiguation European Championship South American Championships disambiguation List of Pan American Championships African Championship ...

                                               

Cooper test

The Cooper test is a test of physical fitness. It was designed by Kenneth H. Cooper in 1968 for US military use. The outcome is based on the distance the test person ran, their age and their sex. Formula In the original form, the point of the tes ...

                                               

Crest (sports)

In sport, a crest is a logo used by a sports club. The logos of many clubs are inspired by heraldic design. In Scotland, the Court of the Lord Lyon has forbidden the use of some football crests due to them being to closely resembling existing coa ...

                                               

Glossary of cue sports terms

The following is a glossary of traditional English-language terms used in the three overarching cue sports disciplines: carom billiards referring to the various carom games played on a billiard table without pockets, pool, which denotes a host of ...

                                               

Debenture (sport)

In sport, a debenture is defined as a certificate of agreement of loans which is given under the companys stamp and carries an undertaking that the debenture holder will get a fixed return and the principal amount whenever the debenture matures. ...

                                               

Depth chart

In sports, a depth chart, primarily in the United States, is used to show the placements of the starting players and the secondary players. Generally a starting player will be listed first or on top while a back-up will be listed below. Depth cha ...

                                               

Dispersal draft

A dispersal draft is a process in professional sports for assigning players to a new team when their current team ceases to exist or is merged with another team. Since most sports drafts are held in North America, this is where most dispersal dra ...

                                               

Division (sport)

In sports using a league system also known as a pyramid structure, a division consists of a group of teams who play a sport at a similar competitive level. Teams can move up to a higher division of play or drop down to a lower one via the process ...

                                               

Draft steal

A draft is a process used in some countries and sports to allocate certain players to teams. In a draft, teams take turns selecting from a pool of eligible players. When a team selects a player, the team receives exclusive rights to sign that pla ...

                                               

Drought (sport)

In sports, a drought refers to instances in which an individual or team has gone through a lengthy period of time without accomplishing some goal. For a team, this usually refers to an extended period of time without making the playoffs or winnin ...

                                               

Dynasty (sports)

In sports, a dynasty is a team or individual that dominates their sport or league for an extended length of time. Some leagues maintain official lists of dynasties, often as part of a hall of fame, but in many cases, whether a team or individual ...

                                               

Elite Eight

In the NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship or the NCAA Womens Division I Basketball Championship, the Elite Eight are the final eight teams and, thus represent the regional finals, or national quarterfinals. In Division I and Division II ...

                                               

Expansion team

An expansion team is a new team in a sports league, usually from a city that has not hosted a team in that league before, formed with the intention of satisfying the demand for a local team from a population in a new area. Sporting leagues also h ...

                                               

Falcon (sport)

Falcon is a tongue-in-cheek term that is used in different forms of football to describe an accidental knock to the head with the ball. The phrase originated from rugby league in Australia. On The Footy Show, casual presenter Mario Fenechs weekly ...

                                               

Fight song

In U.S. and Canadian sports, a fight song is a song associated with a team. In both professional and amateur sports, fight songs are a popular way for fans to cheer for their team, and are also laden with history; in singing a fight song, fans fe ...

                                               

Final four

In American sports, the final four is the last four teams remaining in a playoff tournament. Usually the final four compete in the two games of a single-elimination tournaments semi-final round. Of these teams, the two who win in the semi-final r ...

                                               

Forfeit (sport)

In various sports, a forfeit is a method in which a match automatically ends, and the forfeiting team loses. There are three distinct forms of forfeiture. One occurs when a team is unable to meet the basic standards for playing the game, either b ...

                                               

Foul (sports)

In sports, a foul is an inappropriate or unfair act by a player as deemed by a referee, usually violating the rules of the sport or game. A foul may be intentional or accidental, and often results in a penalty. Even though it may not be intention ...

                                               

Franchise player

In professional sports, a franchise player is an athlete who is both the best player on their team and one that the team can build their "franchise" around for the foreseeable future. The term may be used alongside a particular position name to d ...

                                               

Free substitution

Free substitution or rolling substitution is a rule in some sports that allows players to enter and leave the game for other players many times during the course of the game; and for coaches to bring in and take out players an unlimited number of ...

                                               

Games behind

In most North American sports, the phrase games behind or games back is a common way to reflect the gap between a leading team and another team in a sports league, conference, or division.

                                               

Give-and-go

A give-and-go, or one-two, is a fundamental maneuver in many team sports which involves two players passing the ball or puck back and forth. The player who has the ball or puck passes to a teammate and then repositions in order to receive a retur ...

                                               

Glossary of archery terms

Arrow rest equipment – A device used to hold the arrow against the handle until it is released Arbalest – A late variation of the crossbow that came into use in Europe during the 12th century AMO length measure – A standardized length for measuri ...

                                               

Glossary of North American horse racing

Glossary of North American horse racing: Additional glossaries at: Parimutuel betting#Parimutuel bet types Glossary of equestrian terms Glossary of Australian and New Zealand punting

                                               

Goalkeeper

In many team sports which involve scoring goals, the goalkeeper is a designated player charged with directly preventing the opposing team from scoring by blocking or intercepting opposing shots on goal. Such positions exist in bandy, rink bandy, ...

                                               

Gold medal

A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field. Its name derives from the use of at least a fraction of gold in form of plating or alloying in its manufacture. Since the eighteenth century, gold medals have been a ...

                                               

Grand final

A grand final is a game that decides a sports leagues championship winning team, i.e. the conclusive game of a finals series. Synonymous with a championship game in North American sports, grand finals have become a significant part of Australian ...

                                               

Grandfather rule

The grandfather rule, in sports which usually only permit participants to play for the team of their country of birth, is an exception which gives participants the option to play for the country of any of their ancestors up to the grandparents. D ...

                                               

Grind (sport)

Grinding is a sliding stunt performed in many extreme sports. Stances in which slides are performed are known as grinds. Grinding is performed by sliding across the top of an obstacle, such as a ramp or a rail, and can be accomplished in a number ...