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Rebound (sports)

Rebound is a term used in sports to describe the ball becoming available for possession by either opponent after an attempt to put the ball or puck into the goal has been unsuccessful. Rebounds are generally considered to be a major part of the g ...

                                               

Redshirt (college sports)

Redshirt, in United States college athletics, is a delay or suspension of an athletes participation to lengthen their period of eligibility. Typically, a students athletic eligibility in a given sport is four seasons, aligning with the four years ...

                                               

Replay (sports)

In association football, replays were often used to decide the winner in a knock-out tournament when the previous match ended in a draw, especially in finals. In 1970, FIFA the worldwide governing body of the sport and IFAB the international rule ...

                                               

Representative side

In sports a national representative side or team is one that plays under the national name. The phrase is often used to indicate that the team is not the official main national team. Such unofficial or subsidiary teams are usually legitimate but ...

                                               

Restricted free agent

A restricted free agent is a type of free agent in the National Football League, National Hockey League, or National Basketball Association. Such players have special restrictions on the terms under which they can retain or change employment stat ...

                                               

Ring announcer

A ring announcer is an in-ring employee or contractor for a boxing, professional wrestling or mixed martial arts event or promotion, who introduces the competitors to the audience. In boxing and mixed martial arts bouts, introductions occur after ...

                                               

Riseball

A riseball or dimple is a pitch thrown by a pitcher in fastpitch softball. Upon release by the pitcher, the ball has backspin. The backspin and velocity are two of the factors that cause the ball to rise. Ihe name suggests that it curves upward. ...

                                               

Running economy

Running economy measures runners energy utilization when running at an aerobic intensity, and many physiological and biomechanical factors contribute to it. Oxygen consumption is the most direct method for measuring running economy, as the exchan ...

                                               

Safeword (sports)

A safeword, as used in sports, is a code word used by a player to avoid impending injury. In certain contact sports such as rugby and professional wrestling, when a player feels an opposing players actions will lead to him- or herself being serio ...

                                               

Scratch team

A scratch team is a team, usually in sport, brought together on a temporary basis, composed of players who normally play for different sides. A game played between two scratch teams may be called a scratch match. The earliest instance of the term ...

                                               

Selector (sport)

In some team sports, a selector is a member of a selection panel which chooses teams or individuals to represent a country or club or other representative team in sporting competitions. For example, a selector in cricket is an administrative posi ...

                                               

Serpentine system

The serpentine system is a method employed in the organization of a competition to define the seeded teams and arrange them in pools. The n ranked teams that will be involved in the tournament are distributed in m pools according to the following ...

                                               

Shaughnessy playoff system

The Shaughnessy playoff system is a method of determining the champion of a sports league that is not in a divisional alignment. This format is also known as the Argus finals system. It involves the participation of the top four teams in the leag ...

                                               

Shirts versus skins

In sports, shirts vs skins is a common form of denoting team affiliations in a pick-up game or in school; typically, when played by boys on a public court or field, such as in a city park or schoolyard, or during physical education class or intra ...

                                               

Silver medal

A silver medal in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of, or plated with, silver awarded to the second-place finisher, or runner-up, of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. ...

                                               

Sinclair Coefficients

The Sinclair Coefficients are a method to compare different weight classes in Olympic weightlifting. It replaced Hoffmans formula, which was the first statistical analysis of this type. The method provides the answer to the question "What would b ...

                                               

Sociedad Anonima Deportiva

Sociedad anonima deportiva is a special type of public limited company in Spain. The new legal status was introduced in 1990 to improve financial management and transparency in sports clubs. Many Spanish football and basketball clubs add the suff ...

                                               

Sporting colours

Sporting colours or just colours are awarded to members of a university or school who have excelled in a sport. Many schools do not limit their use to sport but may also give colours for academic excellence or non-sporting extra-curricular activi ...

                                               

Sports club

A sports club or sporting club, sometimes athletics club or sports society or sports association, is a group of people formed for the purpose of playing sports. Sports clubs range from organisations whose members play together, unpaid, and may pl ...

                                               

Sports commentator

In sports broadcasting, a sports commentator gives a running commentary of a game or event in real time, usually during a live broadcast, traditionally delivered in the historical present tense. Radio was the first medium for sports broadcasts, a ...

                                               

Sports league

A sports league is a group of sports teams that compete against each other in a specific sport. At its simplest, it may be a local group of amateur athletes who form teams among themselves and compete on weekends; at its most complex, it can be a ...

                                               

Sports team

A sports team is a group of individuals who play sports, usually team sports, on the same team. Historically, sports teams and the people who play sports have been amateurs. However, by the 20th century, some sports teams and their associated lea ...

                                               

Sports ticket derivative

A sports ticket derivative is a type of futures contract specifically for sports tickets. Typical terms of a ticket future contract stipulate that a ticket to a specific game is delivered to the holder of the contract contingent on a specific tea ...

                                               

Standings

Standings or rankings are listings which compare sports teams or individuals, institutions, nations, companies, or other entities by ranking them in order of ability or achievement. A table or chart may be employed to display such listings. A lea ...

                                               

Stat padding

In sports, stat padding is an action that improves a players statistics despite being of little benefit to his or her team or its chance of winning. An example would be a gridiron football player throwing long passes with an empty backfield on fi ...

                                               

Status lists of players in professional sports

Some team sports put players on different official lists according to circumstances for that player, for example if they are injured. There can be different rules for players on different lists, and the details vary between sports.

                                               

Submaximal performance testing

Submaximal performance testing is a way of estimating either VO 2 max or "aerobic fitness" in sports medicine. The test protocols do not reach the maximum of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Submaximal tests are used because maximal te ...

                                               

Substitution (sport)

In team sports, substitution is replacing one player with another during a match. Substitute players that are not in the starting lineup reside on the bench and are available to substitute for a starter. Later in the match, that substitute may be ...

                                               

The Superstar Effect

The Superstar Effect or "Tiger Woods effect" refers to the change in performance caused by the presence of a highly ranked player - a superstar - in a rank-order competition.

                                               

Sweet spot (sports)

The sweet spot is a place where a combination of factors results in a maximum response for a given amount of effort. In tennis, squash, racquetball, baseball, cricket or golf a given swing will result in a more powerful hit if the ball strikes th ...

                                               

Team sport

A team sport includes any sport where individuals are organized into opposing teams which compete to win. Team members act together towards a shared objective. This can be done in a number of ways such as outscoring the opposing team. Team member ...

                                               

Telegraphing (sports)

In sporting terminology, to telegraph is to unintentionally alert an opponent to ones immediate situation or intentions. The sporting use of the term telegraph draws a direct comparison with the communication device of the same name. "Telegraphin ...

                                               

Third jersey

A third jersey, alternate jersey, third kit, third sweater or alternate uniform is a jersey or uniform that a sports team wear in games instead of its home outfit or its away outfit, often when the colors of two competing teams other uniforms are ...

                                               

Third place playoff

A third place playoff, match/game for third place, bronze medal game or consolation game is a single match that is included in many sporting knockout tournaments to decide which competitor or team will be credited with finishing third and fourth. ...

                                               

Three points for a win

Three points for a win is a standard used in many sports leagues and group tournaments, especially in association football, in which three points are awarded to the team winning a match, with no points awarded to the losing team. If the game is d ...

                                               

Throwback uniform

Throwback uniforms, throwback jerseys or retro kits or heritage guernseys are sports uniforms styled to resemble the uniforms that a team wore in the past. One-time or limited-time retro uniforms are sometimes produced to be worn by teams in game ...

                                               

Tiebreaker

In games and sports, a tiebreaker or tiebreak is used to determine a winner from among players or teams that are tied at the end of a contest, or a set of contests.

                                               

Time-out (sport)

In sports, a time-out or timeout is a halt in the play. This allows the coaches of either team to communicate with the team, e.g., to determine strategy or inspire morale, as well as to stop the game clock. Time-outs are usually called by coaches ...

                                               

Trade (sports)

In professional sports within the United States and Canada, a trade is a sports league transaction between sports clubs involving the exchange of player rights from one club/team to another. Though player rights are the primary trading assets, dr ...

                                               

Trampolining terms

Back drop half twist to back drop or Cradle – From back drop, bouncing up and rotating forwards, then performing a half twist, landing in back drop. Hands and Knees 3/4 turnover – Bouncing on hands and knees then making a forward rotation to land ...

                                               

Transfer window

A transfer window is the period during the year in which a football club can transfer players from other playing staff into their playing staff. Such a transfer is completed by registering the player into the new club through FIFA. "Transfer wind ...

                                               

Traveling team

In professional team sports, a traveling team is a member of a professional league that never competes in its home arena or stadium. This differs from a barnstorming team as a barnstorming team competes in exhibition games and not within a league ...

                                               

Uniformed Derby

Uniformed Derby is the name given to football matches that involves Home United and Warriors FC. The derby started since the 90s as both are quite successful teams in Singapore.

                                               

Varsity letter

A varsity letter is an award earned in the United States for excellence in school activities. A varsity letter signifies that its winner was a qualified varsity team member, awarded after a certain standard was met.

                                               

Varsity team

Varsity is an alteration and shortening of the term university. The meaning differs depending on the region, but is usually related to sporting activity.

                                               

Vert (sport)

Vert is a term used in extreme sports especially vert skating, vert skateboarding, snowboarding and BMX to denote a competition held on a vert ramp which allows the competitors to fly into the air land back on the ramp. This time in the air allow ...

                                               

VO2 max

VO 2 max is the maximum rate of oxygen consumption measured during incremental exercise; that is, exercise of increasing intensity. The name is derived from three abbreviations: "V" for volume, "O 2 for oxygen, and "max" for maximum. Maximal oxyg ...

                                               

Whitewash (sport)

In ATP and WTA tennis, the term whitewash is used when a player fails to win a game in a match, also called a triple- or double-bagel respectively. Double bagels are more common.

                                               

Wild card (sports)

A wild card is a tournament or playoff berth awarded to an individual or team that fails to qualify in the normal way, for example by having a high ranking or winning a qualifying stage. In some events, wild cards are chosen freely by the organiz ...

                                               

Wilks Coefficient

The Wilks Coefficient or Wilks Formula is a coefficient that can be used to measure the strength of a powerlifter against other powerlifters despite the different weights of the lifters. Robert Wilks, CEO of Powerlifting Australia, is the author ...