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Alltagsgeschichte

Alltagsgeschichte is a form of microhistory that was particularly prevalent amongst German historians during the 1980s. It was founded by historians Alf Luedtke and Hans Medick. The name is German, from "Alltag", "everyday", and "geschichte", "hi ...

                                               

Early modern period

The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era. Although the chronological limits of the period are open to debate, the timeframe spans the period after the late portion of the post-classical age, ...

                                               

End of history

The end of history is a political and philosophical concept that supposes that a particular political, economic, or social system may develop that would constitute the end-point of humanitys sociocultural evolution and the final form of human gov ...

                                               

Freedom Rising

Freedom Rising: Human Empowerment and the Quest for Emancipation is a 2013 book by the German political scientist Christian Welzel, professor of political culture and political sociology at Leuphana University Lueneburg and vice-president of the ...

                                               

Guns, Germs, and Steel

Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies is a 1997 transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles. In 1998, Guns, Germs, and Steel won the Pulitz ...

                                               

History of Eurasia

The history of Eurasia is the collective history of a continental area with several distinct peripheral coastal regions: the Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Europe, linked by the interior mass of the Eurasian steppe of Cen ...

                                               

History of the Americas

The prehistory of the Americas begins with people migrating to these areas from Asia during the height of an Ice Age. These groups are generally believed to have been isolated from the people of the "Old World" until the coming of Europeans in th ...

                                               

History of Earth

The history of Earth concerns the development of planet Earth from its formation to the present day. Nearly all branches of natural science have contributed to understanding of the main events of Earths past, characterized by constant geological ...

                                               

History of the world

The history of the world, in common parlance, is the history of humanity, as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from ...

                                               

International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations

The International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations is an international scholarly organization dedicated to the interdisciplinary study of civilizations. Based at Western Michigan University in the United States, the ISCSC holds ...

                                               

Journal of World History

The Journal of World History is a peer-reviewed academic journal that presents historical analysis from a global point of view, focusing especially on forces that cross the boundaries of cultures and civilizations, including large-scale populatio ...

                                               

Late modern period

In many periodizations of human history, the late modern period followed the early modern period. It began approximately in the mid-18th century and depending on the author either ended with the beginning of contemporary history after World War I ...

                                               

Macrohistory

Macrohistory seeks out large, long-term trends in world history, searching for ultimate patterns through a comparison of proximate details. It favors a comparative or world-historical perspective to determine the roots of changes as well as the d ...

                                               

The Origins of Political Order

The Origins of Political Order is a 2011 book by political economist Francis Fukuyama about what makes a state stable. It uses a comparative political history to develop a theory of the stability of a political system. According to Fukuyama, a st ...

                                               

People's history

A peoples history, or history from below, is a type of historical narrative which attempts to account for historical events from the perspective of common people rather than leaders. There is an emphasis on disenfranchised, the oppressed, the poo ...

                                               

Political history of the world

The political history of the world is the history of the various political entities created by the human race throughout their existence and the way these states define their borders. Throughout history, political entities have expanded from basi ...

                                               

Post-classical history

Post-classical history is a periodization commonly used by the school of "world history" instead of Middle Ages, which is roughly synonymous. The period runs from about 500 CE to 1450 though there may be regional differences and debates. The era ...

                                               

Prehistory

Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools c. 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems. The earliest writing systems appeared c. 5.300 years ago, but it took thousands of years for writin ...

                                               

Recorded history

Recorded history or written history is a historical narrative based on a written record or other documented communication. It contrasts with other narratives of the past, such as mythological, oral or archeological traditions. For broader world h ...

                                               

Schøyen Collection

The Schoyen Collection is one of the largest private manuscript collections in the world, mostly located in Oslo and London. Formed in the 20th century by Martin Schoyen, it comprises manuscripts of global provenance, spanning 5.000 years of hist ...

                                               

The General Crisis

The General Crisis is the term used by some historians to describe the period of widespread conflict and instability that occurred from the early 17th century to the early 18th century in Europe and in more recent historiography in the world at l ...

                                               

Universal history

A universal history is a work aiming at the presentation of the history of mankind as a whole, coherent unit. A universal chronicle or world chronicle traces history from the beginning of written information about the past up to the present. Univ ...

                                               

World History Association

The World History Association is an academic association that promotes the study of world history through the encouragement of research, teaching, and publication. It was founded in 1982. The WHA provides many opportunities for connecting world h ...

                                               

Global issue

Solutions to global issues generally require cooperation among nations. In their book Global Issues, Hite and Seitz emphasize that global issues are qualitatively different from international affairs and that the former arise from growing interna ...

                                               

List of global issues

This is a list of global issues. Informally, a global issue is any issue problem, risk that adversely affects the global community and environment, possibly in a catastrophic way, including environmental issues, political crisis, social issues an ...

                                               

Base erosion and profit shifting (OECD project)

The OECD G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project is an OECD/G20 project to set up an international framework to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises using base erosion and profit shifting tools. The project, led by the OECDs Com ...

                                               

Conduit and Sink OFCs

Conduit OFC and Sink OFC is an empirical quantitative method of classifying corporate tax havens, offshore financial centres and tax havens. Traditional methods for identifying tax havens analyse tax and legal structures for base erosion and prof ...

                                               

Conflict resource

Conflict resources are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone and sold to perpetuate the fighting. There is both statistical and anecdotal evidence that belligerent accessibility to precious commodities can prolong conflicts. The most pro ...

                                               

Criticism of democracy

Criticism of democracy is grounded in democracys purpose, process and outcomes. Since Classical antiquity and through the modern era, democracy has been associated with "rule of the people," "rule of the majority," and free selection or election ...

                                               

Criticisms of corporations

The notion of a legally sanctioned corporation remains controversial for several reasons, most of which stem from the granting of corporations both limited liability on the part of its members and the status and rights of a legal person. Some opp ...

                                               

Double Irish arrangement

The Double Irish is a base erosion and profit shifting corporate tax tool, used mostly by US multinationals since the late 1980s, to avoid corporate taxation on most non–U.S. profits. It is the largest tax avoidance tool in history and by 2010, w ...

                                               

Dutch Sandwich

Dutch Sandwich is a base erosion and profit shifting corporate tax tool, used mostly by U.S. multinationals to avoid incurring EU withholding taxes on untaxed profits as they were being moved to non-EU tax havens. These untaxed profits could have ...

                                               

Financial Secrecy Index

While related to tax havens, the FSI is not a list of tax havens per se, and it does not attempt to estimate actual taxes avoided or profits shifted, unlike the techniques used in compilation of modern tax haven lists. The FSI is therefore more c ...

                                               

Forced displacement

Forced displacement is the involuntary or coerced movement of a person or people away from their home or home region, resulting from a variety of external causes including natural disasters, violence, ethnic cleansing and other persecution. Speci ...

                                               

Global apartheid

Global apartheid is a term used to mean minority rule in international decision-making. The term comes from apartheid, the system of government that ruled South Africa until 27 April 1994 when people of all races were able to vote as equals for t ...

                                               

Human trafficking

Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others. This may encompass providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage, or the extraction ...

                                               

Human trafficking in Azerbaijan

Human trafficking has become a problem in Azerbaijan. Youth is the main place among people exploitation by human traffickers. There is a struggle in human trafficking for many years. There are some aid center for victims in human trafficking as t ...

                                               

Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy

The Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy is a non-profit, non-partisan think tank that works on state and federal tax policy issues. ITEP was founded in 1980, and is a 501 tax-exempt organization. ITEP describes its mission as striving to" k ...

                                               

Offshore financial centre

An Offshore Financial Centre or OFC is defined as a country or jurisdiction that provides financial services to nonresidents on a scale that is incommensurate with the size and the financing of its domestic economy. "Offshore" does not refer to t ...

                                               

Overconsumption

Overconsumption is a situation where resource use has outpaced the sustainable capacity of the ecosystem. A prolonged pattern of overconsumption leads to environmental degradation and the eventual loss of resource bases. Generally, the discussion ...

                                               

Ronen Palan

Ronen Palan is an Israeli-born economist and Professor of International Political Economy in the Department of International Politics at the City University London. He has many books and articles on the political economy of the state, globalisati ...

                                               

Singleton (global governance)

In futurology, a singleton is a hypothetical world order in which there is a single decision-making agency at the highest level, capable of exerting effective control over its domain, and permanently preventing both internal and external threats ...

                                               

Space debris

Space debris is a term for defunct human-made objects in space - principally in Earth orbit - which no longer serve a useful function. This can include nonfunctional spacecraft, abandoned launch vehicle stages, mission-related debris and fragment ...

                                               

Tax haven

A tax haven is defined as a country or place with very low "effective" rates of taxation for foreign investors. In some traditional definitions, a tax haven also offers financial secrecy. However, while countries with high levels of secrecy but a ...

                                               

Gabriel Zucman

Gabriel Zucman is a French economist known for his research on tax havens and corporate tax havens from his 2015 book The Hidden Wealth of Nations: The Scourge of Tax Havens. Zucman is also known for his work on the quantification of the financia ...

                                               

World map

A world map is a map of most or all of the surface of Earth. World maps form a distinctive category of maps due to the problem of projection. Maps by necessity distort the presentation of the earths surface. These distortions reach extremes in a ...

                                               

General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans

The General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans is a publicly available bathymetric chart of the worlds oceans. The project was conceived with the aim of preparing a global series of charts showing the general shape of the seafloor. Over the years it ...

                                               

Genoese map

The Genoese map is a 1457 world map. The map relied extensively on the account of the traveler to Asia Niccolo da Conti, rather than the usual source of Marco Polo. The author is not known, but is a more modern development than the Fra Mauro worl ...

                                               

World Map at Lake Klejtrup

The World Map at Lake Klejtrup is a miniature world map built of stones and grass in Klejtrup So near the village of Klejtrup, Viborg Municipality, Denmark. In 1943, Soren Poulsen, a local farmer, was working on the drainage of the surrounding me ...

                                               

Kunyu Quantu

The Kunyu Quantu, or Full Map of the World, was a map of the world developed by Jesuit father Ferdinand Verbiest during his mission in China in 1674. A copy is in the Hunterian Museum. The map follows the earlier works of Matteo Ricci, such as th ...