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Anamorphosis

Anamorphosis is a distorted projection or perspective requiring the viewer to occupy a specific vantage point, use special devices or both to view a recognizable image. Some of the media it is used in are painting, photography, sculpture and inst ...

                                               

Anthotype

An anthotype is an image created using photosensitive material from plants. This process was originally invented by Sir John Herschel in 1842. An emulsion is made from crushed flower petals or any other light-sensitive plant, fruit or vegetable. ...

                                               

Appropriation (art)

Appropriation in art is the use of pre-existing objects or images with little or no transformation applied to them. The use of appropriation has played a significant role in the history of the arts. In the visual arts, to appropriate means to pro ...

                                               

Art methodology

Art methodology refers to a studied and constantly reassessed, questioned method within the arts, as opposed to a method merely applied. This process of studying the method and reassessing its effectiveness allows art to move on and change. It is ...

                                               

Assemblage (art)

Assemblage is an artistic form or medium usually created on a defined substrate that consists of three-dimensional elements projecting out of or from the substrate. It is similar to collage, a two-dimensional medium. It is part of the visual arts ...

                                               

Baren (printing tool)

Baren listen is a disk-like hand tool with a flat bottom and a knotted handle used in Japanese woodblock printing. It is used to burnish the back of a sheet of paper, lifting ink from the block.

                                               

Basse-taille

Basse-taille is an enamelling technique in which the artist creates a low-relief pattern in metal, usually silver or gold, by engraving or chasing. The entire pattern is created in such a way that its highest point is lower than the surrounding m ...

                                               

Bastar Iron Craft

Bastar Iron Craft is a traditional Indian iron crafts that are manufactured in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh state, India. The iron-crafting work has been protected under the geographical indication of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects ...

                                               

Bastar Wooden Craft

Bastar Wooden Crafts are traditional Indian wooden crafts that are manufactured in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh state, India. The wood-crafting work has been protected under the Geographical indication of the Agreement on Trade-Related Asp ...

                                               

Blind contour drawing

Blind contour drawing is a drawing exercise, where an artist draws the contour of a subject without looking at the paper. The artistic technique was introduced by Kimon Nicolaïdes in The Natural Way to Draw, and it is further popularized by Betty ...

                                               

Body proportions

While there is significant variation in anatomical proportions between people, there are many references to body proportions that are intended to be canonical, either in art, measurement, or medicine. In measurement, body proportions are often us ...

                                               

Boulle Work

Boulle Work is a type of rich marquetry process or inlay perfected by the French cabinetmaker Andre Charles Boulle. It involves veneering furniture with tortoiseshell inlaid primarily with brass and pewter in elaborate designs often incorporating ...

                                               

Brass rubbing

Brass rubbing was originally a largely British enthusiasm for reproducing onto paper monumental brasses – commemorative brass plaques found in churches, usually originally on the floor, from between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries. The con ...

                                               

Brunaille

A brunaille is a painting executed entirely or primarily in shades of brown. Such a painting is described as having been painted en brunaille ". Brunaille has its roots in 12th century stained glass made for Cistercian monasteries, which prohibit ...

                                               

Burnishing (pottery)

Burnishing is a form of pottery treatment in which the surface of the pot is polished, using a hard smooth surface such as a wooden or bone spatula, smooth stones, plastic, or even glass bulbs, while it still is in a leathery green state, i.e., b ...

                                               

Camaïeu

Camaïeu is a technique that employs two or three tints of a single color, other than gray, to create a monochromatic image without regard to local or realistic color. When a picture is monochromatically rendered in gray, it is called grisaille; w ...

                                               

Came glasswork

Came glasswork is the process of joining cut pieces of art glass through the use of came strips or foil into picturesque designs in a framework of soldered metal. Final products include a wide range of glasswork, including stained glass and lead ...

                                               

Camera lucida

A camera lucida is an optical device used as a drawing aid by artists. The camera lucida performs an optical superimposition of the subject being viewed upon the surface upon which the artist is drawing. The artist sees both scene and drawing sur ...

                                               

Camera obscura

Camera obscura, also referred to as pinhole image, is the natural optical phenomenon that occurs when an image of a scene at the other side of a screen is projected through a small hole in that screen as a reversed and inverted image on a surface ...

                                               

Carbon dust

Carbon dust is an artistic technique in which carbon dust is applied to a prepared surface via dry brushes. Highlights may be painted on or scratched out later in the process. Dust is prepared by rubbing carbon pencils against an abrasive surface ...

                                               

Cast paper

Cast Paper is a paper crafting technique in which paper fiber or pulp, such as cotton fiber paper, is formed using a mold. The pulp may consist of pure fiber, or be an amalgam of fiber, binder, and filler, such as Papier-mache. The technique is e ...

                                               

Ceramic forming techniques

Ceramic forming techniques are ways of forming ceramics, which are used to make everyday tableware from teapots, to engineering ceramics such as computer parts. Pottery techniques include the potters wheel, slipcasting, and many others. Methods f ...

                                               

Ceramic glaze

Ceramic glaze is an impervious layer or coating of a vitreous substance which has been fused to a ceramic body through firing. Glaze can serve to color, decorate or waterproof an item. Glazing renders earthenware vessels suitable for holding liqu ...

                                               

Cerography

Cerography or glyphography is a printmaking technique related to engraving, using a layer of wax over a metal substrate. After the image is engraved into the wax, a positive plate is produced through stereotyping or electrotyping. This plate can ...

                                               

Certosina

Certosina is a decorative art technique used widely in the Italian Renaissance period. Similar to marquetry, it uses small pieces of wood, bone, metal, or mother-of-pearl to create inlaid geometric patterns on wood. The term comes from Certosa Ch ...

                                               

Chak-pur

Chak-pur are the traditional tools used in Tibetan sandpainting to produce mandalas. They are conically shaped metal funnels and often have ridges down the sides. Normally about 12–18 inches in length, they taper to a fine point and are made with ...

                                               

Champleve

Champleve is an enamelling technique in the decorative arts, or an object made by that process, in which troughs or cells are carved, etched, die struck, or cast into the surface of a metal object, and filled with vitreous enamel. The piece is th ...

                                               

Chiaroscuro

Chiaroscuro, in art, is the use of strong contrasts between light and dark, usually bold contrasts affecting a whole composition. It is also a technical term used by artists and art historians for the use of contrasts of light to achieve a sense ...

                                               

Chromolithe

Chromolithe is a light art that gives the impression that the buildings have been painted with glowing colours. Chromolithe installations have been made for cathedrals and churches, historic public buildings, modern art museums, and even banks. T ...

                                               

Cliche verre

Cliche verre is a combination of painting with photography. In brief, it is a method of either etching, painting or drawing on a transparent surface, such as glass, thin paper or film and printing the resulting image on a light sensitive paper in ...

                                               

Cloisonne

Cloisonne is an ancient technique for decorating metalwork objects. In recent centuries, vitreous enamel has been used, and inlays of cut gemstones, glass and other materials were also used during older periods. The resulting objects can also be ...

                                               

Cloisonnism

Cloisonnism is a style of post-Impressionist painting with bold and flat forms separated by dark contours. The term was coined by critic Edouard Dujardin on the occasion of the Salon des Independants, in March 1888. Artists Emile Bernard, Louis A ...

                                               

Collage

Collage is a technique of art creation, primarily used in the visual arts, but in music too, by which art results from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole. A collage may sometimes include magazine and newspaper clippings, ...

                                               

Color wash

A color wash is a popular technique in faux painting using paint thinned out with glaze to create a subtle wash of color over walls or other surfaces. Color washing is an easy and forgiving form of faux finishing often used by beginners, but perf ...

                                               

Color-blocking

Color-blocking is thought of as the exploration of taking colors that are opposites on the color wheel and pairing them together to make interesting and complementary color combinations. It is commonly associated in fashion as a trend that origin ...

                                               

Complementary colors

Complementary colours are pairs of colours which, when combined or mixed, cancel each other out by producing a grayscale color like white or black. When placed next to each other, they create the strongest contrast for those two colors. Complemen ...

                                               

Contour drawing

Contour drawing, is an artistic technique used in the field of art in which the artist sketches the style of a subject by drawing lines that result in a drawing that is essentially an outline; the French word contour meaning, "outline". The purpo ...

                                               

Contour rivalry

Contour rivalry is an artistic technique used to create multiple possible visual interpretations of an image. An image may be viewed as depicting one thing when viewed in a certain way; but if the image is flipped or turned, the same lines that f ...

                                               

Creativity techniques

Creativity techniques are methods that encourage creative actions, whether in the arts or sciences. They focus on a variety of aspects of creativity, including techniques for idea generation and divergent thinking, methods of re-framing problems, ...

                                               

Cropping (image)

Cropping is the removal of unwanted outer areas from a photographic or illustrated image. The process usually consists of the removal of some of the peripheral areas of an image to remove extraneous trash from the picture, to improve its framing, ...

                                               

Dalle de verre

Dalle de verre, from French: "glass slab", is a glass art technique that uses pieces of coloured glass set in a matrix of concrete and epoxy resin or other supporting material.

                                               

Databending

Databending is the process of manipulating a media file of a certain format, using software designed to edit files of another format. Distortions in the medium typically occur as a result, and the process either falls under a broader category of, ...

                                               

Depliage

Decollage, in art, is the opposite of collage; instead of an image being built up of all or parts of existing images, it is created by cutting, tearing away or otherwise removing, pieces of an original image. The French word "decollage" translate ...

                                               

Defamiliarization

Defamiliarization or ostranenie is the artistic technique of presenting to audiences common things in an unfamiliar or strange way in order to enhance perception of the familiar. According to the Russian formalists who coined the term, it is the ...

                                               

Dhokra

Dhokra is non–ferrous metal casting using the lost-wax casting technique. This sort of metal casting has been used in India for over 4.000 years and is still used. One of the earliest known lost wax artefacts is the dancing girl of Mohenjo-daro. ...

                                               

Distressing

Distressing in the decorative arts is the activity of making a piece of furniture or object appear aged and older, giving it a "weathered look", and there are many methods to produce an appearance of age and wear. Distressing is viewed as a refin ...

                                               

Droste effect

The Droste effect, known in art as an example of mise en abyme, is the effect of a picture recursively appearing within itself, in a place where a similar picture would realistically be expected to appear, creating a loop which theoretically coul ...

                                               

Ecorche

An ecorche is a figure drawn, painted, or sculpted showing the muscles of the body without skin, normally as a figure study for another work or as an exercise for a student artist. The Renaissance-era architect, theorist and all-around Renaissanc ...

                                               

En plein air

En plein air, or plein air painting, is the act of painting outdoors. This method contrasts with studio painting or academic rules that might create a predetermined look.

                                               

En resille

Email en resille sur verre is a rare and difficult enameling technique first practiced for a brief period in seventeenth-century France. It was later revived by American metalsmith Margret Craver, who encountered the technique in 1953 and spent 1 ...