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Mediterranean Editors and Translators

Mediterranean Editors and Translators is a non-profit, interdisciplinary association for language professionals who work mainly with or into English within the Mediterranean area. The associations members include translators, authors editors, cop ...

                                               

Native-language identification

Native-language identification is the task of determining an authors native language based only on their writings in a second language. NLI works through identifying language-usage patterns that are common to specific L1 groups and then applying ...

                                               

Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project

The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project is an international scholarly project aimed at collecting and publishing ancient Assyrian texts and studies based on them. Its headquarters are in Helsinki in Finland.

                                               

NNEST

NNEST or non-native English-speaking teachers is an acronym that refers to the growing body of English language teachers who speak English as a foreign or second language. The term was coined to highlight the dichotomy between native English-spea ...

                                               

Open discourse

Open Discourse is a technical term used in discourse analysis and Sociolinguistics and is commonly contrasted with Closed Discourse. The concept of open and closed discourse is associated with the overlay of open and closed discourse communities ...

                                               

Orthographies and dyslexia

Dyslexia is a complex, lifelong disorder involving difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters and other symbols. Dyslexia does not affect general intelligence, but is often co-diagnosed with ADHD. There are at least three sub-type ...

                                               

Orthography

An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language. It includes norms of spelling, hyphenation, capitalization, word breaks, emphasis, and punctuation. Most transnational languages in the modern period have a system of writing, and for ...

                                               

Oxford English Corpus

The Oxford English Corpus is a text corpus of 21st century English, used by the makers of the Oxford English Dictionary and by Oxford University Presss language research programme. It is the largest corpus of its kind, containing nearly 2.1 billi ...

                                               

Quranic Arabic Corpus

The Quranic Arabic Corpus is an annotated linguistic resource consisting of 77.430 words of Quranic Arabic. The project aims to provide morphological and syntactic annotations for researchers wanting to study the language of the Quran.

                                               

Russian National Corpus

The Russian National Corpus is a corpus of the Russian language that has been partially accessible through a query interface online since April 29, 2004. It is being created by the Institute of Russian language, Russian Academy of Sciences. It cu ...

                                               

Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech

The Scottish Corpus of Texts & Speech is an ongoing project to build a corpus of modern-day written and spoken texts in Scottish English and varieties of Scots. SCOTS has been available online since November 2004, and can be freely searched and b ...

                                               

Sketch Engine

Sketch Engine is a corpus manager and text analysis software developed by Lexical Computing Limited since 2003. Its purpose is to enable people studying language behaviour to search large text collections according to complex and linguistically m ...

                                               

Slovenian National Corpus

Slovenian National Corpus FidaPLUS is the 621 million words corpus of the Slovenian language, gathered from selected texts written in Slovenian of different genres and styles, mainly from books and newspapers. The FidaPLUS database is an upgrade ...

                                               

Speech and language assessment

Many assessments exist for investigating childrens language. Here is a selection of commonly used assessments by speech and language therapy services in the UK: The Bus Story Test - early narrative assessment Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test PPVT- ...

                                               

Spoken English Corpus

The Spoken English Corpus is a speech corpus used in corpus linguistics consisting of a collection of recordings of spoken British English compiled during the period 1984-7 through a collaboration, funded by IBM, between the Unit for Computer Res ...

                                               

Statistical language acquisition

Statistical language acquisition, a branch of developmental psycholinguistics, studies the process by which humans develop the ability to perceive, produce, comprehend, and communicate with natural language in all of its aspects through the use o ...

                                               

Survey of English Usage

The Survey of English Usage was the first research centre in Europe to carry out research with corpora. The Survey is based in the Department of English Language and Literature at University College London.

                                               

Tatoeba

Tatoeba.org is a free collaborative online database of example sentences geared towards foreign language learners. Its name comes from the Japanese term "tatoeba", meaning "for example". Unlike other online dictionaries, which focus on words, Tat ...

                                               

Teaching reading: whole language and phonics

"Phonics" emphasizes the alphabetic principle – the idea that letters represent the sounds of speech, and that there are systematic and predictable relationships between written letters and spoken words, which is specific to the alphabetic writin ...

                                               

Tehran Monolingual Corpus

The Tehran Monolingual Corpus is a large-scale Persian monolingual corpus. TMC is suited for Language Modeling and relevant research areas in Natural Language Processing. The corpus is extracted from Hamshahri Corpus and ISNA news agency website. ...

                                               

Termbase

A termbase, or term base, is a database consisting of concept-oriented terminological entries and related information, usually in multilingual format. Entries may include any of the following additional information: verification status verified’ ...

                                               

Terminology

Terminology is a general word for the group of specialized words or meanings relating to a particular field, and also the study of such terms and their use, this also known as terminology science. Terms are words and compound words or multi-word ...

                                               

Text linguistics

Text linguistics is a branch of linguistics that deals with texts as communication systems. Its original aims lay in uncovering and describing text grammars. The application of text linguistics has, however, evolved from this approach to a point ...

                                               

TIMIT

TIMIT is a corpus of phonemically and lexically transcribed speech of American English speakers of different sexes and dialects. Each transcribed element has been delineated in time. TIMIT was designed to further acoustic-phonetic knowledge and a ...

                                               

Usage (language)

The usage of a language is the manner in which the written and spoken language is routinely employed by its speakers; that is, it refers to "the collective habits of a languages native speakers", as opposed to theoretical or idealized models of h ...

                                               

Wellington Corpus of Spoken New Zealand English

The Wellington Corpus of Spoken New Zealand English is a one-million-word corpus of transcribed English compiled from materials collected between 1988 and 1994, which is made up of excerpts from a range of speakers who have lived in New Zealand s ...

                                               

Applicable mathematics

Applied mathematics is the application of mathematical methods by different fields such as science, engineering, business, computer science, and industry. Thus, applied mathematics is a combination of mathematical science and specialized knowledg ...

                                               

Abstract family of acceptors

An abstract family of acceptors is a grouping of generalized acceptors. Informally, an acceptor is a device with a finite state control, a finite number of input symbols, and an internal store with a read and write function. Each acceptor has a s ...

                                               

Abstract family of languages

In computer science, in particular in the field of formal language theory, an abstract family of languages is an abstract mathematical notion generalizing characteristics common to the regular languages, the context-free languages and the recursi ...

                                               

Actuarial notation

Actuarial notation is a shorthand method to allow actuaries to record mathematical formulas that deal with interest rates and life tables. Traditional notation uses a halo system where symbols are placed as Superscript or subscript before or afte ...

                                               

Actuarial present value

The actuarial present value is the expected value of the present value of a contingent cash flow stream. Actuarial present values are typically calculated for the benefit-payment or series of payments associated with life insurance and life annui ...

                                               

Analytical regularization

In physics and applied mathematics, analytical regularization is a technique used to convert boundary value problems which can be written as Fredholm integral equations of the first kind involving singular operators into equivalent Fredholm integ ...

                                               

Andrews plot

In data visualization, an Andrews plot or Andrews curve is a way to visualize structure in high-dimensional data. It is basically a rolled-down, non-integer version of the Kent–Kiviat radar m chart, or a smoothed version of a parallel coordinate ...

                                               

Annuity function

Annuity Functions are mathematical functions frequently used by Actuarial science students in their introduction to the mathematics of finance and more specifically in their introduction to annuities.

                                               

Asymptotology

Asymptotology has been defined as" the art of dealing with applied mathematical systems in limiting cases” as well as" the science about the synthesis of simplicity and exactness by means of localization".

                                               

Basque Center for Applied Mathematics

The Basque Center of Applied Mathematics is a research center on applied mathematics, created with the support of the Basque Government and the University of the Basque Country. The BCAM headquarters are in Alda. Mazarredo, 14 in Bilbao, the capi ...

                                               

Bass diffusion model

The Bass Model or Bass Diffusion Model was developed by Frank Bass. It consists of a simple differential equation that describes the process of how new products get adopted in a population. The model presents a rationale of how current adopters a ...

                                               

Cartesian tensor

In geometry and linear algebra, a Cartesian tensor uses an orthonormal basis to represent a tensor in a Euclidean space in the form of components. Converting a tensors components from one such basis to another is through an orthogonal transformat ...

                                               

Common cause and special cause (statistics)

Common and special causes are the two distinct origins of variation in a process, as defined in the statistical thinking and methods of Walter A. Shewhart and W. Edwards Deming. Briefly, "common causes", also called natural patterns, are the usua ...

                                               

Computational mathematics

Computational mathematics involves mathematical research in mathematics as well as in areas of science where computing plays a central and essential role - that, is almost all sciences - and emphasize algorithms, numerical methods, and symbolic c ...

                                               

Continuous modelling

Continuous modelling is the mathematical practice of applying a model to continuous data. They often use differential equations and are converse to discrete modelling. Modelling is generally broken down into several steps: Making equations to fit ...

                                               

Continuously compounded nominal and real returns

Let P t be the price of a security at time t, including any cash dividends or interest, and let P t − 1 be its price at t − 1. Let RS t be the simple rate of return on the security from t − 1 to t. Then 1 + R S t = P t P t − 1. {\displaystyle 1+R ...

                                               

Cryptanalysis

Cryptanalysis is the study of analyzing information systems in order to study the hidden aspects of the systems. Cryptanalysis is used to breach cryptographic security systems and gain access to the contents of encrypted messages, even if the cry ...

                                               

Cryptography

Cryptography or cryptology is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties called adversaries. More generally, cryptography is about constructing and analyzing protocols that prevent third parties ...

                                               

Dichromatic reflectance model

In Shafer’s dichromatic reflection model, scene radiance has two components: L λ = m b c b λ + m s c s λ {\displaystyle L\lambda=m_{\mathrm {b} }c_{\mathrm {b} }\lambda+m_{\mathrm {s} }c_{\mathrm {s} }\lambda} λ is the wavelength, c b is the body ...

                                               

Discrete calculus

Discrete calculus or the calculus of discrete functions, is the mathematical study of incremental change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of generalizations of arithmetic operations. The word calculus ...

                                               

Discrete modelling

Discrete modelling is the discrete analogue of continuous modelling. In discrete modelling, formulae are fit to discrete data - data that could potentially take on only a countable set of values, such as the integers, and which are not infinitely ...

                                               

Discrete tomography

Discrete tomography focuses on the problem of reconstruction of binary images from a small number of their projections. In general, tomography deals with the problem of determining shape and dimensional information of an object from a set of proj ...

                                               

Discretization

In applied mathematics, discretization is the process of transferring continuous functions, models, variables, and equations into discrete counterparts. This process is usually carried out as a first step toward making them suitable for numerical ...

                                               

Doubly linked face list

In applied mathematics, a doubly linked face list is an efficient data structure for storing 2-manifold mesh data. The structure stores linked lists for a 3D meshs faces, edges, vertices, and corners. The structure guarantees the preservation of ...