## System equivalence

In the systems sciences system equivalence is the behavior of a parameter or component of a system in a way similar to a parameter or component of a different system. Similarity means that mathematically the parameters and components will be indi ...

## System size expansion

The system size expansion, also known as van Kampens expansion or the Ω-expansion, is a technique pioneered by Nico van Kampen used in the analysis of stochastic processes. Specifically, it allows one to find an approximation to the solution of a ...

## Tonti diagram

The Tonti diagram, created by the Italian physicist and mathematician Enzo Tonti, is a diagram that classifies variables and equations of physical theories of classical and relativistic physics. The theories involved are: particle dynamics, analy ...

## Topological data analysis

In applied mathematics, topological data analysis is an approach to the analysis of datasets using techniques from topology. Extraction of information from datasets that are high-dimensional, incomplete and noisy is generally challenging. TDA pro ...

## Total least squares

In applied statistics, total least squares is a type of errors-in-variables regression, a least squares data modeling technique in which observational errors on both dependent and independent variables are taken into account. It is a generalizati ...

## Uncertainty quantification

Uncertainty quantification is the science of quantitative characterization and reduction of uncertainties in both computational and real world applications. It tries to determine how likely certain outcomes are if some aspects of the system are n ...

## Uniform field theory

Uniform field theory is a formula for determining the effective electrical resistance of a parallel wire system. By calculating the mean square field acting throughout a section of coil, formulae are obtained for the effective resistances of sing ...

## Vibration

Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point. The word comes from Latin vibrationem. The oscillations may be periodic, such as the motion of a pendulum - or random, such as the movement of a tire on a ...

## Vector spherical harmonics

In mathematics, vector spherical harmonics are an extension of the scalar spherical harmonics for use with vector fields. The components of the VSH are complex-valued functions expressed in the spherical coordinate basis vectors.

## Vflo

V flo is a commercially available, physics-based distributed hydrologic model generated by Vieux & Associates, Inc. V flo uses radar rainfall data for hydrologic input to simulate distributed runoff. V flo employs GIS maps for parameterization vi ...

## Viral dynamics

Viral dynamics is a field of applied mathematics concerned with describing the progression of viral infections within a host organism. It employs a family of mathematical models that describe changes over time in the populations of cells targeted ...

## Wahba's problem

In applied mathematics, Wahbas problem, first posed by Grace Wahba in 1965, seeks to find a rotation matrix between two coordinate systems from a set of vector observations. Solutions to Wahbas problem are often used in satellite attitude determi ...

## Weber problem

In geometry, the Weber problem, named after Alfred Weber, is one of the most famous problems in location theory. It requires finding a point in the plane that minimizes the sum of the transportation costs from this point to n destination points, ...

## Weighted planar stochastic lattice

Physicists often use various lattices to apply their favorite models in them. For instance, the most favorite lattice is perhaps the square lattice. There are 14 Bravais space lattice where every cell has exactly the same number of nearest, next ...

## Applied ontology

Applied ontology involves the practical application of ontological resources to specific domains, such as management, relationships, biomedicine or geography. Much work in applied ontology is carried out within the framework of the Semantic Web.

## Roger-Pol Droit

Roger-Pol Droit is a French academic and philosopher. Alumnus of the Ecole normale superieure de Saint-Cloud, he has written numerous books, most notably 101 Experiments in the Philosophy of Everyday Life, which has been translated into twenty-tw ...

## Global resources dividend

The global resources dividend is a method of tackling global poverty advanced by the philosopher Thomas Pogge. He presents it as an alternative to the current global economic order. Under the scheme, nations would pay a dividend on any resources ...

## International Journal of Applied Philosophy

The International Journal of Applied Philosophy is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes philosophical examinations of practical problems. It was established in 1982, and contains original articles, reviews, and edited discussi ...

## Journal of Applied Philosophy

The Journal of Applied Philosophy is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Society for Applied Philosophy and edited by Elizabeth Brake. It covers a broad spectrum of issues in all areas of applied philoso ...

## Philosophy of statistics

The philosophy of statistics involves the meaning, justification, utility, use and abuse of statistics and its methodology, and ethical and epistemological issues involved in the consideration of choice and interpretation of data and methods of s ...

## Secular Buddhism

Secular Buddhism - sometimes also referred to as agnostic Buddhism, Buddhist agnosticism, ignostic Buddhism, atheistic Buddhism, pragmatic Buddhism, Buddhist atheism, or Buddhist secularism - is a broad term for an emerging form of Buddhism and s ...

## Society for Applied Philosophy

The Society for Applied Philosophy is a philosophical organization founded in 1982. The purpose of the organization is promoting study and research in philosophy in areas with real-world applications, and work that is intended to make a construct ...

## American Association of Applied Psychologists

The American Association of Applied Psychologists was a short-lived American professional organization dedicated to applied psychology. It was founded in 1937 when the Association of Consulting Psychologists, which had been founded in 1930, merge ...

## Applied psychology

Applied psychology is the use of psychological methods and findings of scientific psychology to solve practical problems of human and animal behavior and experience. Mental health, organizational psychology, business management, education, health ...

## Audience segmentation

Audience segmentation is a process of dividing people into homogeneous subgroups based upon defined criterion such as product usage, demographics, psychographics, communication behaviors and media use. Audience segmentation is used in commercial ...

## Battlemind

Battlemind is both the mental orientation developed during a combat zone deployment and a program developed at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research intended to reduce its impact on personal post-deployment issues.

## Biodata

In industrial and organizational psychology, biodata is biographical data. Biodata is".factual kinds of questions about life and work experiences, as well as items involving opinions, values, beliefs, and attitudes that reflect a historical persp ...

## Brain training

Brain training is a program of regular activities purported to maintain or improve ones cognitive abilities. The phrase" cognitive ability” usually refers to components of fluid intelligence such as executive function and working memory. Cognitiv ...

## Coaching psychology

Coaching psychology is a field of applied psychology that applies psychological theories and concepts to the practice of coaching. Its aim is to increase performance, achievement and well-being in individuals, teams and organisations by utilising ...

## Counseling psychology

Counseling psychology is a psychological specialty that encompasses research and applied work in several broad domains: counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention and health. Some u ...

## Critical Incident Technique

The Critical Incident Technique is a set of procedures used for collecting direct observations of human behavior that have critical significance and meet methodically defined criteria. These observations are then kept track of as incidents, which ...

## Genopolitics

Genopolitics is the study of the genetic basis of political behavior and attitudes. It combines behavior genetics, psychology, and political science and it is closely related to the emerging fields of neuropolitics and political physiology. In 20 ...

## Human-centered computing

Human-centered computing studies the design, development, and deployment of mixed-initiative human-computer systems. It is emerged from the convergence of multiple disciplines that are concerned both with understanding human beings and with the d ...

## Interior design psychology

Interior design psychology is a field within environmental psychology, which concerns the environmental conditions of the interior. It is a direct study of the relationship between an environment and how that environment affects the behaviour of ...

## Knowledge of results

Knowledge of results is a term in the psychology of learning. p619 A psychology dictionary defines it as feedback of information: "a to a subject about the correctness of responses; b a student about success or failure in mastering material, or c ...

Leadership analysis is the art of breaking down a leader into basic psychological components for study and use by academics and practitioners. Good leadership analyses are not reductionist, but rather take into consideration the overall person in ...

## Living lab

A living lab, or living laboratory, is a research concept, which may be defined as a user-centered, open-innovation ecosystem, often operating in a territorial context, integrating concurrent research and innovation processes within a public-priv ...

## Medical-psychological assessment (Germany)

In Germany, a medical-psychological assessment is used by the authorities in deciding whether to revoke or reissue a driving licence. Medical-psychological assessment has been shown to be highly effective at reducing the recidivism rate for drink ...

## Neuropolitics

Neuropolitics is a science which investigates the interplay between the brain and politics. It combines work from a variety of scientific fields which includes neuroscience, political science, psychology, behavioral genetics, primatology, and eth ...

## Perception management

Perception management is a term originated by the US military. The US Department of Defense gives this definition: Actions to convey and/or deny selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, and ob ...

## Primary Care Behavioral health

Primary Care Behavioral Health Consultation model is a psychological approach to population-based clinical health care that is simultaneously co-located, collaborative, and integrated within the primary care clinic. The goal of PCBH is to improve ...

## Psycho-oncology

Psycho-oncology is an interdisciplinary field at the intersection of physical, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of the cancer experience for both patients and caregivers. Also known as Psychiatric Oncology or Psychosocial Oncology, r ...

## Psychology of eating meat

The psychology of eating meat is a complex area of study illustrating the confluence of morality, emotions, cognition, and personality characteristics. Research into the psychological and cultural factors of meat eating suggests correlations with ...

## Psychology of programming

The psychology of programming is the field of research that deals with the psychological aspects of writing programs. The field has also been called the empirical studies of programming. It covers research into computer programmers cognition; too ...

## Quiet eye

Quiet eye is a technique reported to improve outcomes in various tasks requiring human visual attention. It has been the subject of several articles in journalistic periodicals, and of scientific studies that evaluate it in relation to activities ...

## Sense of community

Sense of community is a concept in community psychology, social psychology, and community social work, as well as in several other research disciplines, such as urban sociology, which focuses on the experience of community rather than its structu ...

## Social hacking

Social hacking describes the act of attempting to manipulate outcomes of social behaviour through orchestrated actions. The general function of social hacking is to gain access to restricted information or to a physical space without proper permi ...

## Social marketing

Social marketing has the primary goal of achieving "social good". Traditional commercial marketing aims are primarily financial, though they can have positive social effects as well. In the context of public health, social marketing would promote ...

## Traffic psychology

Traffic psychology is a discipline of psychology that studies the relationship between psychological processes and the behavior of road users. In general, traffic psychology aims to apply theoretical aspects of psychology in order to improve traf ...

## Values scale

Values scales are psychological inventories used to determine the values that people endorse in their lives. They facilitate the understanding of both work and general values that individuals uphold. In addition, they assess the importance of eac ...