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Lone worker

A lone worker is an employee who performs an activity that is carried out in isolation from other workers without close or direct supervision. Such staff may be exposed to risk because there is no-one to assist them and so a risk assessment may b ...

                                               

Safety of magnetic resonance imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging is in general a safe technique, although injuries may occur as a result of failed safety procedures or human error. During the last 150 years, thousands of papers focusing on the effects or side effects of magnetic or r ...

                                               

Mass decontamination

Mass decontamination is the decontamination of large numbers of people, in the event of industrial, accidental, or intentional contamination by toxic, infective, caustic, polluted, or otherwise unhealthful or damaging substances.

                                               

Meeting point

A meeting point, meeting place, or assembly point is a geographically defined place where people meet. Such a meeting point is often a landmark that has become popular and is a convenient place for both tourists and citizens to meet. Examples of ...

                                               

Mind the gap

Mind the gap is an audible or visual warning phrase issued to rail passengers to take caution while crossing the horizontal, and in some cases vertical, spatial gap between the train door and the station platform. The phrase was first introduced ...

                                               

Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974

Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 or National Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standards Act is a United States federal law establishing design and development safety standards for manufactured housing or prefabricated ...

                                               

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National Center for Injury Prevention and Control s mission is to provide leadership in preventing and controlling injuries, i.e., reducing the incidence, severity, and adverse outcomes of inju ...

                                               

NIBHV

The Nederlands Instituut voor BedrijfHulpverlening is one of the organisations that deals with the training and certification of Emergency Response Officers in The Netherlands. Most medium to large companies are obliged to have some sort of Emerg ...

                                               

Opal (fuel)

Opal is a variety of low-aromatic 91 RON petrol developed in 2005 by BP Australia to combat the rising use of petrol as an inhalant in remote Indigenous Australian communities. Though more expensive to produce, requiring a $0.33/litre Federal sub ...

                                               

OpenSafety

openSAFETY is a communications protocol used to transmit information that is crucial for the safe operation of machinery in manufacturing lines, process plants, or similar industrial environments. Such information may be e.g. an alert signal trig ...

                                               

Operation Sassoon

Operation Sassoon provides a basic generic framework for an emergency evacuation plan of any part of London, or Heathrow, in the case of a major terrorist attack in the British capital. It is part of an extensive anti-terror plan installed by the ...

                                               

Operational availability

Operational availability in systems engineering is a measurement of how long a system has been available to use when compared with how long it should have been available to be used.

                                               

Organizational safety

Organizational safety is a contemporary discipline of study and research developed from the works of James Reason, creator of the Swiss Cheese Model, and Charles Perrow author of Normal Accidents. These scholars demonstrated the complexity and sy ...

                                               

Overheating (electricity)

Overheating is a phenomenon of rising of temperature in an electric circuit. Overheating causes potential damage to the circuit components, and can cause fire, explosion, or injury. Damage caused by overheating is commonly irreversible; i.e. the ...

                                               

Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act

The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005: Pub.L. 109–41, 42 U.S.C. ch. 6A subch. VII part C, established a system of patient safety organizations and a national patient safety database. To encourage reporting and broad discussion of ...

                                               

Pool fence

A swimming pool fence is a type of fence placed around swimming pools, to create a passive barrier to restrict the access of small children, 0–5 years to the swimming pool. Swimming pool fences must have a self-closing and self-latching gate/s to ...

                                               

Practical Test Standards

Practical Test Standards or PTS are the guidelines used by FAA Safety Inspectors or Designated Pilot Examiners to determine the suitability of airmen to be issued an Airman Certificate by conducting a checkride. These Standards are published by t ...

                                               

Product Liability Directive 1985

The Product Liability Directive 85/374/EEC is a directive of the Council of the European Communities that created a regime of strict liability for defective products applicable in all member states of the European Union, the other EEA members as ...

                                               

Protection

Protection is any measure taken to guard a thing against damage caused by outside forces. Protection can be provided to physical objects, including organisms, to systems, and to intangible things like civil and political rights. Although the mech ...

                                               

Purging (gas)

In fire and explosion prevention engineering, purging refers to the introduction of an inert purge gas into a closed system to prevent the formation of an ignitable atmosphere. Purging relies on the principle that a combustible gas is able to und ...

                                               

Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics

RTCA, Inc., formerly known as, is a United States volunteer organization that develops technical guidance for use by government regulatory authorities and by industry. It was founded in 1935, and was re-incorporated in 1991 as a private not-for-p ...

                                               

Redundancy (engineering)

In engineering, redundancy is the duplication of critical components or functions of a system with the intention of increasing reliability of the system, usually in the form of a backup or fail-safe, or to improve actual system performance, such ...

                                               

Rest area

A rest area is a public facility, located next to a large thoroughfare such as a motorway, expressway, or highway, at which drivers and passengers can rest, eat, or refuel without exiting onto secondary roads. Other names include: motorway servic ...

                                               

Risk compensation

Risk compensation is a theory which suggests that people typically adjust their behavior in response to the perceived level of risk, becoming more careful where they sense greater risk and less careful if they feel more protected. Although usuall ...

                                               

Safe bottle lamp

The Safe bottle lamp, called sudeepa or sudipa for good lamp, is a safer kerosene lamp designed by Wijaya Godakumbura of Sri Lanka. The safety comes from heavier glass, a secure screw-on metal lid, and two flat sides which prevent it from rolling ...

                                               

Safety and security window film

Safety and security window films are polyester, or PET films that are applied to glass and glazing in order to hold them together if the glass is shattered. The main difference between film and laminated glass is that these Shatter Safe films can ...

                                               

Safety behaviour

Safety behaviour is behaviour associated with safety. It may refer to: Safety behaviors anxiety, stress-relieving activity performed by anxious people Risk compensation, adjusting behavior depending on perceived level of safety or risk Behavior-b ...

                                               

Safety case

One definition of a Safety Case is that it is a structured argument, supported by evidence, intended to justify that a system is acceptably safe for a specific application in a specific operating environment. Safety cases are often required as pa ...

                                               

Safety culture

Safety culture is the collection of the beliefs, perceptions and values that employees share in relation to risks within an organization, such as a workplace or community. Safety culture is a part of organizational culture, and has been described ...

                                               

Safety escort service

A safety escort service, security escort service, or simply escort service is a service provided on and around many college and university campuses to help ensure the safety of students and staff. The escort may be provided by campus police staff ...

                                               

Safety for Sarah movement

The Safety for Sarah movement is a campaign for increased safety in film production, named in memory of Sarah Jones, a camera assistant on Midnight Rider who was killed by a train during filming as a result of unsafe actions by the films director ...

                                               

Safety integrity level

Safety integrity level is defined as a relative level of risk-reduction provided by a safety function, or to specify a target level of risk reduction. In simple terms, SIL is a measurement of performance required for a safety instrumented functio ...

                                               

Safety management system

A safety management system is a management system designed to manage safety elements in the workplace. It includes policy, objectives, plans, procedures, organisation, responsibilities and other measures. The SMS is used in industries that manage ...

                                               

Safety of high-energy particle collision experiments

The safety of high energy particle collisions was a topic of widespread discussion and topical interest during the time when the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and later the Large Hadron Collider - currently the worlds largest and most powerful ...

                                               

Safety taxonomy

A safety taxonomy is a standardized set of terminologies used within the fields of safety and health care. The goal is to foster clear communication, as the terminology used within these fields can be immensely confusing, even to specialists. The ...

                                               

Safety testing of explosives

The safety testing of explosives involves the determination of various properties of the different energetic materials that are used in commercial, mining, and military applications. It is highly desirable to measure the conditions under which ex ...

                                               

Safety-critical system

A safety-critical system or life-critical system is a system whose failure or malfunction may result in one of the following outcomes: death or serious injury to people loss or severe damage to equipment/property environmental harm A safety-relat ...

                                               

SafetyBUS p

SafetyBUS p is a standard for failsafe fieldbus communication in automation technology. It meets SIL 3 of IEC 61508 and Category 4 of EN 954-1 or Performance Level "e" of the successor standard EN 13849-1.

                                               

SafetyNET p

SafetyNET p is a standard for Ethernet-based fieldbus communication in automation technology. SafetyNET p is suitable as a drive bus due to its real-time behaviour, with cycle times of up to 62.5 µs. In accordance with the standard requirements f ...

                                               

Safetyville USA

Safetyville, USA is a miniature city that sits on a little over 3 acres of land in Sacramento, California. It is a program that was designed to provide safety education to young children in an interactive manner. The miniature town is complete wi ...

                                               

Sanitary epidemiological reconnaissance

Sanitary epidemiological reconnaissance, synonym epidemiological reconnaissance is a literal name of a concept and routine of finding out disease potential on a territory of arrival of major contingent. Russian: санитарно-эпидемиологическая разве ...

                                               

Season cracking

Season cracking is a form of stress-corrosion cracking of brass cartridge cases originally reported from British forces in India. During the monsoon season, military activity was temporarily reduced, and ammunition was stored in stables until the ...

                                               

Sentinel event

A sentinel event is defined by American healthcare accreditation organization The Joint Commission as any unanticipated event in a healthcare setting resulting in death or serious physical or psychological injury to a patient or patients, not rel ...

                                               

Short circuit

A short circuit is an electrical circuit that allows a current to travel along an unintended path with no or very low electrical impedance. This results in an excessive current flowing through the circuit. The opposite of a short circuit is an "o ...

                                               

Slipperiness

Slipperiness is the degree of risk of slippage or falling when walking on a wet surface such as a pathway, boat deck or roadway. Road slipperiness is a major area of road safety, but various means have also been developed to measure walkway and d ...

                                               

Spurious trip level

Spurious trip level is defined as a discrete level for specifying the spurious trip requirements of safety functions to be allocated to safety systems. An STL of 1 means that this safety function has the highest level of spurious trips. The highe ...

                                               

The NIST World Trade Center Disaster Investigation

The NIST World Trade Center Disaster Investigation was a report that the National Institute of Standards and Technology conducted to establish the likely technical causes of the three building failures that occurred at the World Trade Center foll ...

                                               

Time-triggered architecture

Time-triggered architecture, also known as a time-triggered system, is a computer system that executes one or more sets of tasks according to a pre-determined and set task schedule. Implementation of a TT system will typically involve use of a si ...

                                               

Tobacco packaging warning messages

Tobacco package warning messages are warning messages that appear on the packaging of cigarettes and other tobacco products concerning their health effects. They have been implemented in an effort to enhance the publics awareness of the harmful e ...

                                               

Triple modular redundancy

In computing, triple modular redundancy, sometimes called triple-mode redundancy, is a fault-tolerant form of N-modular redundancy, in which three systems perform a process and that result is processed by a majority-voting system to produce a sin ...