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Mass deworming

Mass deworming, also called preventive chemotherapy, is the process of treating large numbers of people, particularly children, for helminthiasis) and schistosomiasis in areas with a high prevalence of these conditions. It involves treating every ...

                                               

Menstrual Hygiene Day

Menstrual Hygiene Day is an annual awareness day on May 28 to highlight the importance of good menstrual hygiene management. It was initiated by the German-based NGO WASH United in 2014 and aims to benefit women and girls worldwide. The 28th was ...

                                               

Menstrual hygiene management

Menstrual hygiene management is about access to menstrual hygiene products to absorb or collect menstrual blood, privacy to change the materials, and access to facilities to dispose of used menstrual management materials. Menstrual hygiene manage ...

                                               

Microcredit for water supply and sanitation

Microcredit for water supply and sanitation is the application of microcredit to provide loans to small enterprises and households in order to increase access to an improved water source and sanitation in developing countries. While most investme ...

                                               

Modern Sanitation

Modern Sanitation was a British journal published in the 20th century. It documented developments in sanitation, water infrastructure, and later building developments and maintenance in Britain, with a particular focus on London. By 1946 it was k ...

                                               

Neglected tropical diseases

Neglected tropical diseases are a diverse group of tropical infections which are common in low-income populations in developing regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. They are caused by a variety of pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, protoz ...

                                               

Open defecation

Open defecation is the human practice of defecating outside rather than into a toilet. People may choose fields, bushes, forests, ditches, streets, canals or other open space for defecation. They do so because either they do not have a toilet rea ...

                                               

Parasitic worm

Parasitic worms, also known as helminths, are large macroparasites; adults can generally be seen with the naked eye. Many are intestinal worms that are soil-transmitted and infect the gastrointestinal tract. Other parasitic worms such as schistos ...

                                               

Pit additive

Pit additives is a commercially-produced material that aims to reduce fecal sludge build-up and control odor in pit latrines, septic tanks and wastewater treatment plants. Manufacturers claim to use effective microorganisms in their products. Cur ...

                                               

Pit latrine

A pit latrine, also known as pit toilet or long drop, is a type of toilet that collects human feces in a hole in the ground. Urine and feces enter the pit through a drop hole in the floor, which might be connected to a toilet seat or squatting pa ...

                                               

Pooper-scooper

A pooper-scooper, or poop scoop, is a device used to pick up animal feces from public places and yards, particularly those of dogs. Pooper-scooper devices often have a bag or bag attachment. Poop bags are alternatives to pooper scoopers, and are ...

                                               

Project Raahat

Project Raahat is an initiative of Enactus Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies and was started on 29 December 2015 in collaboration with Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board, Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, India. Enac ...

                                               

Public toilet

A public toilet is a room or small building with toilets and sinks that does not belong to a particular household. Rather, the toilet is available for use by the general public, customers, travellers, employees of a business, school pupils, priso ...

                                               

Reclaimed water

Reclaimed or recycled water is the process of converting wastewater into water that can be reused for other purposes. Reuse may include irrigation of gardens and agricultural fields or replenishing surface water and groundwater. Reused water may ...

                                               

Reuse of excreta

Reuse of excreta refers to the safe, beneficial use of animal or human excreta, i.e. feces and urine. Such beneficial use involves mainly the nutrient, organic matter and energy contained in human waste, rather than the water content. Reuse of hu ...

                                               

Human right to water and sanitation

The Human Right to Water and Sanitation was recognised as a human right by the United Nations General Assembly on 28 July 2010. The HRWS has been recognized in international law through human rights treaties, declarations and other standards. Som ...

                                               

Right2Water

Right2Water is a campaign to commit the European Union and Member States to implement the human right to water and sanitation. It has three stated goals: Universal Global access to water and sanitation. Guaranteed water and sanitation for all in ...

                                               

Sanitary paper

Sanitary paper includes papers used for toilet paper, sanitary napkins, facial tissues, paper towels, napkins and some disposable diapers. The paper is processed to be soft and absorbent. Global production of the category in 2013 was 30.9 million ...

                                               

Sanitary sewer overflow

Not to be confused with combined sewer overflow CSO Sanitary sewer overflow is a condition in which untreated sewage is discharged from a sanitary sewer into the environment prior to reaching sewage treatment facilities. When caused by rainfall i ...

                                               

List of abbreviations used in sanitation

AusAID - Australian Agency for International Development AA - Activated alumina AD - Anaerobic digestion AfDB - African Development Bank AfWA - African Water Association As - Arsenic ADB - Asian Development Bank ABR - Anaerobic baffled reactor - ...

                                               

Sarphati Sanitation Awards

The Sarphati Sanitation Awards were created in 2013 to honour individuals or organisations having made contributions to global sanitation and public health, notably through entrepreneurship. They are awarded every two years, and named in honour o ...

                                               

Secondary treatment

Secondary treatment is a treatment process for wastewater to achieve a certain degree of effluent quality by using a sewage treatment plant with physical phase separation to remove settleable solids and a biological process to remove dissolved an ...

                                               

Self-supply of water and sanitation

Self-supply of water and sanitation refers to an approach of incremental improvements to water and sanitation services, which are mainly financed by the user. People around the world have been using this approach over centuries to incrementally u ...

                                               

Septic drain field

Septic drain fields, also called leach fields or leach drains, are subsurface wastewater disposal facilities used to remove contaminants and impurities from the liquid that emerges after anaerobic digestion in a septic tank. Organic materials in ...

                                               

Septic tank

A septic tank is an underground chamber made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic through which domestic wastewater flows for basic treatment. Settling and anaerobic processes reduce solids and organics, but the treatment efficiency is only modera ...

                                               

Sewage

Sewage, or domestic/municipal wastewater, is a type of wastewater that is produced by a community of people. It is characterized by volume or rate of flow, physical condition, chemical and toxic constituents, and its bacteriologic status. It cons ...

                                               

Sewage sludge

Sewage sludge is the residual, semi-solid material that is produced as a by-product during sewage treatment of industrial or municipal wastewater. The term "septage" also refers to sludge from simple wastewater treatment but is connected to simpl ...

                                               

Sewage sludge treatment

Sewage sludge treatment describes the processes used to manage and dispose of sewage sludge produced during sewage treatment. Sludge is mostly water with lesser amounts of solid material removed from liquid sewage. Primary sludge includes settlea ...

                                               

Omni Processor

Omni Processor is a name proposed by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for a group of physical, biological or chemical treatment processes to process fecal sludge – a mixture of human excreta and water – in developing countries. One of the main ...

                                               

Tertiary Treatment

Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from municipal wastewater, containing mainly household sewage plus some industrial wastewater. Physical, chemical, and biological processes are used to remove contaminants and produce treat ...

                                               

Sewerage

Sewerage is the infrastructure that conveys sewage or surface runoff using sewers. It encompasses components such as receiving drains, manholes, pumping stations, storm overflows, and screening chambers of the combined sewer or sanitary sewer. Se ...

                                               

Ship Sanitation Certificate

A Ship Sanitation Certificate is a document that corroborates a ships compliance with maritime sanitation and quarantine rules specified in article 39 of the International Health Regulations issued by the World Health Organization. The certificat ...

                                               

Shit stick

Shit stick means "a thin stake or stick used instead of toilet paper" for anal hygiene and was a historical item of material culture introduced through Chinese Buddhism and Japanese Buddhism. A well-known example is gānshǐjue / kanshiketsu from t ...

                                               

Sludge

Sludge is a semi-solid slurry that can be produced from a range of industrial processes, from water treatment, wastewater treatment or on-site sanitation systems. For example, it can be produced as a settled suspension obtained from conventional ...

                                               

Soil-transmitted helminthiasis

Soil-transmitted helminthiasis is a type of helminth infection caused by different species of roundworms. It is caused specifically by those worms which are transmitted through soil contaminated with faecal matter and are therefore called soil-tr ...

                                               

Stunted growth

Stunted growth is a reduced growth rate in human development. It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition and recurrent infections, such as diarrhea and helminthiasis, in early childhood and even before birth, due to malnutrition during fetal d ...

                                               

Sulabh International Museum of Toilets

The Sulabh International Museum of Toilets in Delhi is run by the Sulabh International, dedicated to the global history of sanitation and toilets. According to Time magazine, the museum is one of the weirdest museums among the "10 museums around ...

                                               

Sustainable Development Goal 6

Sustainable Development Goal 6 is one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. It calls for clean water and sanitation for all people. The official wording is: "Ensure availability and sustai ...

                                               

Sustainable sanitation

Sustainable sanitation is a sanitation system designed to meet certain criteria and to work well over the long-term. The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance includes five features in its definition of "sustainable sanitation." Systems need to be econ ...

                                               

Sustainable Sanitation Alliance

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance is a loose network of organizations who are "working along the same lines towards achieving sustainable sanitation". It began its work in 2007, one year before the United Nations International Year of Sanitatio ...

                                               

Swach Vidyalaya

Swach Vidyalaya is an initiative of Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India to create a functional toilet in every school by 15 August 2015. Public sector units under 25 Ministries have pledged Rs. 400 crore for the campaign a ...

                                               

Swachh Bharat mission

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Mission was a nation-wide campaign in India for the period 2014 to 2019 that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of Indias cities, towns, urban and rural areas. The campaigns official name i ...

                                               

Toilet

A toilet is a piece of hardware used for the collection or disposal of human urine and feces. In other words: "Toilets are sanitation facilities at the user interface that allow the safe and convenient urination and defecation". Toilets can be wi ...

                                               

Automatic toilet paper dispenser

An automatic toilet paper dispenser is a toilet roll holder that can be either button or sensor-activated to fold and cut the toilet paper automatically.

                                               

Toilet paper

Toilet paper, sometimes called toilet roll or toilet tissue in Britain, is a tissue paper product primarily used to clean the anus and surrounding area of feces after defecation, and to clean the vulva and perineum of urine after urination or oth ...

                                               

Toilet seat cover

A toilet seat cover or toilet sheet is a disposable piece of paper shaped like the toilet seat itself that can be placed on the seat by its user. Its purpose is to protect the toilets user from germs that may be resting on the seat by creating a ...

                                               

Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket digestion

Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket technology, normally referred to as UASB reactor, is a form of anaerobic digester that is used for wastewater treatment. The UASB reactor is a methanogenic methane-producing digester that evolved from the anaerobic ...

                                               

Urine

Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many other animals. Urine flows from the kidneys through the ureters to the urinary bladder. Urination results in urine being excreted from the body through the urethra. The cellular met ...

                                               

Urine-diverting dry toilet

A urine-diverting dry toilet is a type of dry toilet with urine diversion that can be used to provide safe, affordable sanitation in a variety of contexts worldwide. The separate collection of feces and urine without any flush water has many adva ...

                                               

Vacuum truck

A vacuum truck or vacuum tanker is a tank truck that has a pump and a tank. The pump is designed to pneumatically suck liquids, sludges, slurries, or the like from a location into the tank of the truck. The objective is to enable transport of the ...