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Rad (journal)

Rad is an academic journal published by the Yugoslav, now Croatian, Academy of Sciences and Arts. It was their only publication from 1867 until 1882, when each of the individual scientific sections of the academy started printing their own journa ...

                                               

SAGE Open

SAGE Open is an open access, peer-reviewed, academic mega journal. It is the "first broad spectrum open access title aimed specifically at the behavioral and social sciences communities". It was established in May 2011 and is published by Sage Pu ...

                                               

Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and one of the worlds top academic journals. It was first published in 1880, is currently circu ...

                                               

Shofar (journal)

Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies is a triannual peer-reviewed academic journal published by Purdue University Press on behalf of the Universitys Jewish Studies Program. Shofar is the official journal of the Midwest and Weste ...

                                               

Silliman Journal

The Silliman Journal is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal published by Silliman University. The editor-in-chief is Margaret U. Alvarez. The journal was established in 1953, starting as a quarterly and interdisciplinary in content. The ini ...

                                               

South African Journal of Science

The South African Journal of Science is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary academic journal and the official publication of the Academy of Science of South Africa. It covers research in any field of interest to more than one discipline and with a ...

                                               

Texas Journal of Science

The Texas Journal of Science is a peer reviewed academic journal covering all areas of basic and applied sciences, as well as science education. It is published by the Texas Academy of Science. The journal is abstracted and indexed in BIOSIS Prev ...

                                               

Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine

Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine is a bimonthly peer-reviewed interdisciplinary scientific review journal covering systems biology and medicine. It was established in 2009 and is published by John Wiley & Sons as part ...

                                               

History and philosophy of science

The history and philosophy of science is an academic discipline that encompasses the philosophy of science and the history of science. Although many scholars in the field are trained primarily as either historians or as philosophers, there are de ...

                                               

Anecdotal evidence

Anecdotal evidence is evidence from anecdotes: evidence collected in a casual or informal manner and relying heavily or entirely on personal testimony. The term is sometimes used in a legal context to describe certain kinds of testimony which are ...

                                               

Antipositivism

In social science, antipositivism is a theoretical stance that proposes that the social realm cannot be studied with the scientific method of investigation applied to nature and that investigation of the social realm requires a different epistemo ...

                                               

Antireductionism

Antireductionism is the position in science and metaphysics that stands in contrast to reductionism by advocating that not all properties of a system can be explained in terms of its constituent parts and their interactions.

                                               

Antiscience

Antiscience is a position that rejects science and the scientific method. People holding antiscientific views do not accept science as an objective method that can generate universal knowledge. They also contend that scientific reductionism in pa ...

                                               

Bayesian estimation of templates in computational anatomy

Statistical shape analysis and statistical shape theory in computational anatomy is performed relative to templates, therefore it is a local theory of statistics on shape.Template estimation in computational anatomy from populations of observatio ...

                                               

Bayesian probability

Bayesian probability is an interpretation of the concept of probability, in which, instead of frequency or propensity of some phenomenon, probability is interpreted as reasonable expectation representing a state of knowledge or as quantification ...

                                               

Bayesian program synthesis

In programming languages and machine learning, Bayesian program synthesis is a program synthesis technique where Bayesian probabilistic programs automatically construct new Bayesian probabilistic programs. This approach stands in contrast to rout ...

                                               

Berlin Circle

Berlin Circle was created in the late 1920s by Hans Reichenbach, Kurt Grelling and Walter Dubislav and composed of philosophers and scientists such as Carl Gustav Hempel, David Hilbert and Richard von Mises. Its original name was Die Gesellschaft ...

                                               

Biological determinism

Biological determinism, also known as genetic determinism is the belief that human behaviour is directly controlled by an individuals genes or some component of their physiology, generally at the expense of the role of the environment, whether in ...

                                               

Boundary-work

In science studies, boundary-work comprises instances in which boundaries, demarcations, or other divisions between fields of knowledge are created, advocated, attacked, or reinforced. Academic scholarship on boundary-work has emphasized that suc ...

                                               

British Society for the Philosophy of Science

The British Society for the Philosophy of Science is a philosophical society based in the United Kingdom that aims to further the philosophy of science, and which manages the British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. The BSPS was founded in ...

                                               

Carnap Papers

The Rudolf Carnap Papers are a large collection of documents and photographs that record much of his life and career. They are used by scholars and historians not only for research into the life of Rudolf Carnap but also for research into his the ...

                                               

Causality

Causality is efficacy, by which one event, process or state, a cause, contributes to the production of another event, process or state, an effect, where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cau ...

                                               

The central science

Chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in connecting the physical sciences, which include chemistry, with the life sciences and applied sciences such as medicine and engineering. The nature of this relationship is one o ...

                                               

Centre for History and Philosophy of Science, University of Leeds

The Centre for History and Philosophy of Science is a research institution devoted to the historical and philosophical study of science and technology, based in the Department of Philosophy, at the University of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. ...

                                               

Ceteris paribus

Ceteris paribus or caeteris paribus is a Latin phrase meaning "other things equal"; English translations of the phrase include all other things being equal or other things held constant or all else unchanged ". A prediction or a statement about a ...

                                               

Classical limit

The classical limit or correspondence limit is the ability of a physical theory to approximate or "recover" classical mechanics when considered over special values of its parameters. The classical limit is used with physical theories that predict ...

                                               

Classification of the sciences (Peirce)

The philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce did considerable work over a period of years on the classification of sciences. His classifications are of interest both as a map for navigating his philosophy and as an accomplished polymaths survey of rese ...

                                               

Commensurability (philosophy of science)

Commensurability is a concept in the philosophy of science whereby scientific theories are commensurable if scientists can discuss them using a shared nomenclature that allows direct comparison of theories to determine which theory is more valid ...

                                               

Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, and serving one interest could involve working against another. Typically, this relates to situations in which the ...

                                               

Consilience

In science and history, consilience is the principle that evidence from independent, unrelated sources can "converge" on strong conclusions. That is, when multiple sources of evidence are in agreement, the conclusion can be very strong even when ...

                                               

Coordinative definition

A coordinative definition is a postulate which assigns a partial meaning to the theoretical terms of a scientific theory by correlating the mathematical objects of the pure or formal/syntactical aspects of a theory with physical objects in the wo ...

                                               

Corroborating evidence

Corroborating evidence is evidence that tends to support a proposition that is already supported by some initial evidence, therefore confirming the proposition. For example, W, a witness, testifies that she saw X drive his automobile into a green ...

                                               

Criticism of science

Criticism of science addresses problems within science in order to improve science as a whole and its role in society. Criticisms come from philosophy, from social movements like feminism, and from within science itself. The emerging field of met ...

                                               

Decline effect

The decline effect may occur when scientific claims receive decreasing support over time. The term was first described by parapsychologist Joseph Banks Rhine in the 1930s to describe the disappearing of extrasensory perception of psychic experime ...

                                               

Deductive-nomological model

The deductive-nomological model, also known as Hempels model, the Hempel–Oppenheim model, the Popper–Hempel model, or the covering law model, is a formal view of scientifically answering questions asking, "Why.?". The DN model poses scientific ex ...

                                               

Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge

The Department of History and Philosophy of Science, of the University of Cambridge is the largest department of History and Philosophy of Science in the United Kingdom. A majority of its submissions received maximum ratings of 4* and 3* in the 2 ...

                                               

Descriptive research

Descriptive research is used to describe characteristics of a population or phenomenon being studied. It does not answer questions about how/when/why the characteristics occurred. Rather it addresses the "what" question The characteristics used t ...

                                               

Vinciane Despret

Vinciane Despret first graduated in philosophy. She studied psychology and graduated in 1991. She is most known for having provided a reflexive account on ethologists, observing babblers in the Negev desert and the way they would interpret those ...

                                               

Determinism

Determinism is the philosophical belief that all events are determined completely by previously existing causes. Deterministic theories throughout the history of philosophy have sprung from diverse and sometimes overlapping motives and considerat ...

                                               

Duhem–Quine thesis

The Duhem–Quine thesis, also called the Duhem–Quine problem, after Pierre Duhem and Willard Van Orman Quine, is that it is impossible to test a scientific hypothesis in isolation, because an empirical test of the hypothesis requires one or more b ...

                                               

Dyson sphere

A Dyson sphere is a hypothetical megastructure that completely encompasses a star and captures a large percentage of its power output. The concept is a thought experiment that attempts to explain how a spacefaring civilization would meet its ener ...

                                               

Empiricism

In philosophy, empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience. It is one of several views of epistemology, along with rationalism and skepticism. Empiricism emphasises the role of empirical evide ...

                                               

Endophysics

Endophysics literally means" physics from within”. It is the study of how the observations are affected and limited by the observer being within the universe. This is in contrast with the common exophysics assumption of a system observed from the ...

                                               

Engineering

Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fie ...

                                               

Epistemic humility

In the philosophy of science, epistemic humility refers to a posture of scientific observation rooted in the recognition that knowledge of the world is always interpreted, structured, and filtered by the observer, and that, as such, scientific pr ...

                                               

Epistemological anarchism

Epistemological anarchism is an epistemological theory advanced by Austrian philosopher of science Paul Feyerabend which holds that there are no useful and exception-free methodological rules governing the progress of science or the growth of kno ...

                                               

Etiology

Etiology is the study of causation, or origination. The word is derived from the Greek αἰτιολογία, aitiologia, "giving a reason for". More completely, etiology is the study of the causes, origins, or reasons behind the way that things are, or the ...

                                               

Explanandum and explanans

An explanandum is a sentence describing a phenomenon that is to be explained, and the explanans are the sentences adduced as explanations of that phenomenon. For example, one person may pose an explanandum by asking "Why is there smoke?", and ano ...

                                               

Explanatory gap

In philosophy of mind and consciousness, the explanatory gap is the difficulty that physicalist theories have in explaining how physical properties give rise to the way things feel when they are experienced. It is a term introduced by philosopher ...

                                               

Explanatory power

Explanatory power is the ability of a hypothesis or theory to effectively explain the subject matter it pertains to. The opposite of explanatory power is explanatory impotence. In the past, various criteria or measures for explanatory power have ...