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Psychographics

Psychographics is a qualitative methodology used to describe traits of humans on psychological attributes. Psychographics have been applied to the study of personality, values, opinions, attitudes, interests, and lifestyles. Because this area of ...

                                               

Quasi-experiment

A quasi-experiment is an empirical interventional study used to estimate the causal impact of an intervention on target population without random assignment. Quasi-experimental research shares similarities with the traditional experimental design ...

                                               

Radio Research Project

The Radio Research Project was a social research project funded by the Rockefeller Foundation to look into the effects of mass media on society. In 1937, the Rockefeller Foundation started funding research to find the effects of new forms of mass ...

                                               

Round About a Pound a Week

Round About a Pound a Week was an influential 1913 survey of poverty and infant mortality in London, by feminist and socialist Maud Pember Reeves, co-authored by anarchist activist Charlotte Wilson. The project was conceived and carried out under ...

                                               

School Health Education Study

The School Health Education Study was a crucial event in transforming health education as practiced in American public schools. It has been called, "the most significant school health education initiative of the 1960s" and was largely responsible ...

                                               

Social Research (journal)

Social Research is a quarterly academic journal of the social sciences, published by The New School for Social Research, the graduate social science division of The New School. The journal has been published continuously since 1934. It has featur ...

                                               

Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe

The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe is a multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks. In seven survey waves to date, SHARE has conducted appro ...

                                               

Thurstone scale

In psychology and sociology, the Thurstone scale was the first formal technique to measure an attitude. It was developed by Louis Leon Thurstone in 1928, as a means of measuring attitudes towards religion. It is made up of statements about a part ...

                                               

Understanding Society: the UK Household Longitudinal Study

Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study, is one of the largest panel survey in the world, supporting social and economic research. Its sample size is 40.000 households from the United Kingdom or approximately 100.000 individuals.

                                               

Unit of analysis

The Unit of Analysis is the entity that frames what is being analyzed in a study, or is the entity being studied as a whole, within which most factors of causality and change exist. The unit of analysis should not be confused with the unit of obs ...

                                               

Unit of observation

In statistics, a unit of observation is the unit described by the data that one analyzes. For example, in a study of the demand for money, the unit of observation might be chosen as the individual, with different observations for a given point in ...

                                               

VALS

VALS is a proprietary research methodology used for psychographic market segmentation. Market segmentation is designed to guide companies in tailoring their products and services in order to appeal to the people most likely to purchase them

                                               

Values Modes

The Values Modes model was created in 1973, by Pat Dade and Les Higgins. The tool, which is owned by the company Cultural Dynamics, is used strategically in marketing and political campaigns. It divides the population by values, identifying three ...

                                               

Variable and attribute (research)

In science and research, an attribute is a characteristic of an object. Attributes are closely related to variables. A variable is a logical set of attributes. Variables can "vary" - for example, be high or low. How high, or how low, is determine ...

                                               

Visual research

Visual research is a qualitative research methodology that relies on the use of artistic mediums to "produce and represent knowledge." These artistic mediums include, but are not limited to: film, photography, drawings, paintings, and sculptures. ...

                                               

Young Lives

Young Lives is an international research project on childhood poverty that was established in 2000 and is coordinated by a team based at the University of Oxfords Department of International Development, Great Britain. Young Lives, by its declara ...

                                               

Aceramic

Aceramic is defined as "not producing pottery". In archaeology, the term means "without pottery". Aceramic societies usually used bark, basketry, gourds and leather for containers. It is sometimes used to refer to a specific early Neolithic perio ...

                                               

Collective action

Collective action refers to action taken together by a group of people whose goal is to enhance their status and achieve a common objective. It is a term that has formulations and theories in many areas of the social sciences including psychology ...

                                               

Collective action problem

A collective action problem is a situation in which all individuals would be better off cooperating but fail to do so because of conflicting interests between individuals that discourage joint action. The collective action problem has been addres ...

                                               

Filial piety

In Confucian, Chinese Buddhist and Taoist ethics, filial piety is a virtue of respect for ones parents, elders, and ancestors. The Confucian Classic of Filial Piety, thought to be written around the Qin-Han period, has historically been the autho ...

                                               

Ableism

Ableism, anapirophobia, anapirism, and disability discrimination) is discrimination and social prejudice against people with disabilities or who are perceived to have disabilities. Ableism characterizes persons as defined by their disabilities an ...

                                               

Aggressionism

Aggressionism is a philosophical theory that the only real cause of war is human aggression, which refers to the "general tendency to attack members of ones species." It is argued that aggression is a natural response to defend vital interests su ...

                                               

Agriculturalism

Agriculturalism, also known as the School of Agrarianism, the School of Agronomists, the School of Tillers, and in Chinese as the Nongjia, was an early agrarian Chinese philosophy that advocated peasant utopian communalism and egalitarianism, and ...

                                               

Algerism

Refers to statements or remarks made about politics or sociology, extolling what the authors see as virtues of the fiction of Horatio Alger, whose "rags-to-riches" social Darwinist narratives of usually white, young, Christian men of good charact ...

                                               

Analytical feminism

Analytical feminism is a line of philosophy that applies analytic concepts and methods to feminist issues and applies feminist concepts and insights to issues that have traditionally been of interest to analytic philosophers. Like all feminists, ...

                                               

Anarchism

Anarchism is a radical political movement that is highly skeptical towards authority and rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy. It calls for the abolition of the state which it holds to be undesirable, unnecessary and harmful. Anar ...

                                               

Anti-consumerism

Anti-consumerism is a sociopolitical ideology that is opposed to consumerism, the continual buying and consuming of material possessions. Anti-consumerism is concerned with the private actions of business corporations in pursuit of financial and ...

                                               

Anti-establishment

An anti-establishment view or belief is one which stands in opposition to the conventional social, political, and economic principles of a society. The term was first used in the modern sense in 1958, by the British magazine New Statesman to refe ...

                                               

Anti-racism

Anti-racism includes beliefs, actions, movements, and policies adopted or developed to oppose racism. According to the Anti-racism Digital Library, "Anti-racism can be defined as some form of focused and sustained action, which includes inter-cul ...

                                               

Anti-suffragism

Anti-suffragism was a political movement composed of both men and women that began in the late 19th century in order to campaign against womens suffrage in countries such as Australia, Canada, Ireland, the United Kingdom and the United States. An ...

                                               

Assisted reproductive technology

Assisted reproductive technology includes medical procedures used primarily to address infertility. This subject involves procedures such as in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, cryopreservation of gametes or embryos, and/or ...

                                               

Bonapartism

Bonapartism is the political ideology supervening from Napoleon Bonaparte and his followers and successors. The term was later used to refer to people who hoped to restore the House of Bonaparte and its style of government. In this sense, a Bonap ...

                                               

Circulus (theory)

Circulus was a socioeconomics doctrine devised by nineteenth-century French utopian socialist Pierre Leroux, who proposed that human excrement be collected by the state in the form of a tax and used as fertiliser, thereby increasing agricultural ...

                                               

Classical Marxism

Classical Marxism refers to the economic, philosophical and sociological theories expounded by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels as contrasted with later developments in Marxism, especially Leninism and Marxism–Leninism.

                                               

Collectivist anarchism

Collectivist anarchism, also referred to as anarchist collectivism and anarcho-collectivism, is a revolutionary socialist doctrine and anarchist school of thought that advocates the abolition of both the state and private ownership of the means o ...

                                               

College for Advanced Studies in Social Theory

The College for Advanced Studies in Social Theory is the second oldest college of its type at the Corvinus University of Budapest as well as in Hungary.

                                               

Communicative action

In sociology, communicative action is cooperative action undertaken by individuals based upon mutual deliberation and argumentation. The term was developed by German philosopher-sociologist Jurgen Habermas in his work The Theory of Communicative ...

                                               

Complementary holism

Complementary holism is a social theory or conceptual framework proposed by Michael Albert and Robin Hahnel, that sees all societies as consisting of a Human Center and Institutional Boundaries, and all social relations in the political, economic ...

                                               

Compliance problem

The Compliance problem is a problem in contractarian ethics. It states that it is in the individuals best interest to agree to contracts, but not to comply to them. Thomas Hobbes first outlined the compliance problem in The Leviathan with the cha ...

                                               

Conservatism

Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization. The central tenets of conservatism include tradition, organic society, hierarchy, authority, and property righ ...

                                               

Conversion theory of minority influence

Conversion theory is Serge Moscovicis conceptual analysis of the cognitive and interpersonal processes that mediate the direct and indirect impact of a consistent minority on the majority. Initially, Moscovicis conversion theory of minority influ ...

                                               

Cultural pluralism

Cultural pluralism is a term used when smaller groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities, and their values and practices are accepted by the wider dominant culture provided they are consistent with the laws and valu ...

                                               

Cumulative inequality theory

Cumulative inequality theory or Cumulative Disadvantage Theory is the systematic explanation of how inequalities develop. The theory was initially developed by Merton, who studied the sciences and prestige. He believed that recognition from peers ...

                                               

Cyber-utopianism

Cyber-utopianism – the belief that online communication is in itself emancipatory, and that the Internet favors the oppressed rather than the oppressor – has accompanied the Internet from its beginnings; and was the subject of critique by the Cri ...

                                               

Cynicism (contemporary)

Cynicism is an attitude characterized by a general distrust of others motives. A cynic may have a general lack of faith or hope in the human species or people motivated by ambition, desire, greed, gratification, materialism, goals, and opinions t ...

                                               

Deaf rights movement

The Deaf rights movement encompasses a series of social movements within the disability rights and cultural diversity movements that encourages deaf and hard of hearing to push society to adopt a position of equal respect for them. Acknowledging ...

                                               

Economism

Economism is a term in Marxist discourse. It was used by Vladimir Lenin in his attacks on a trend in the early Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party around the newspaper Rabochaya Mysl and the writer Tony Cliff: The Economists. Economism threate ...

                                               

Egalitarianism

Egalitarianism, or equalitarianism, is a school of thought within political philosophy that prioritizes equality for all people. Egalitarian doctrines are generally characterized by the idea that all humans are equal in fundamental worth or moral ...

                                               

Elisionism

Elisionism is a philosophical standpoint encompassing various social theories. Elisionist theories are diverse; however, they are unified in their adherence to process philosophy as well as their assumption that the social and the individual cann ...

                                               

Empowered democracy

Empowered democracy is an alternative form of social-democratic arrangements developed by philosopher and politician Roberto Mangabeira Unger. Theorized in response to the repressiveness and rigidity of contemporary liberal democratic society, th ...