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ⓘ Sunnyvale, California. Sunnyvale is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, in Silicon Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was ..




Sunnyvale, California
                                     

ⓘ Sunnyvale, California

Sunnyvale is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, in Silicon Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 140.095.

Sunnyvale is the 7th most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area and one of the major cities comprising Silicon Valley. It is bordered by portions of San Jose to the north, Moffett Federal Airfield to the northwest, Mountain View to the northwest, Los Altos to the southwest, Cupertino to the south, and Santa Clara to the east. It lies along the historic El Camino Real and Highway 101.

As part of Californias high-tech area known as Silicon Valley, Sunnyvale is the headquarters location of many technology companies and is a major operating center for many more. It is also home to several aerospace/defense companies. Sunnyvale was also the home to Onizuka Air Force Station, often referred to as "the Blue Cube" due to the color and shape of its windowless main building. The facility, previously known as Sunnyvale Air Force Station, was named for the deceased Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut Ellison Onizuka. It served as an artificial satellite control facility of the U.S. military until August 2010 and has since been decommissioned and demolished.

Sunnyvale is one of the few U.S. cities to have a single unified Department of Public Safety, where all personnel are trained as firefighters, police officers, and EMTs, so that they can respond to an emergency in any of the three roles.

Library services for the city are provided by the Sunnyvale Public Library, located at the Sunnyvale Civic Center.

                                     

1. History

When the Spanish first arrived in the 1770s at the Santa Clara Valley, it was heavily populated by the Ohlone Native Americans. However early on with the arrival of the Spaniards, smallpox, measles and other new diseases greatly reduced the Ohlone population. In 1777, Mission Santa Clara was founded by Franciscan missionary Padre Junipero Serra and was originally located in San Jose near what is now the San Jose International Airport runway.

                                     

1.1. History 1900s

In 1901, the residents of Murphy were informed they could not use the names Encinal or Murphy for their post office. Sunnyvale was given its current name on March 24, 1901. It was named Sunnyvale as it is located in a sunny region adjacent to areas with significantly more fog.

Sunnyvale continued to grow and in 1904, dried fruit production began. Two years later, Libby, McNeill & Libby, a Chicago meat-packing company, decided to open its first fruit-packing factory in Sunnyvale. Today, a water tower painted to resemble the first Libbys fruit cocktail can label identifies the former site of the factory.

Also in 1906, the Joshua Hendy Iron Works relocated from San Francisco to Sunnyvale after the companys building was destroyed by fire after the 1906 earthquake. The ironworks was the first non-agricultural industry in the town. The company later switched from producing mining equipment to other products such as marine steam engines.

In 1912, the residents of Sunnyvale voted to incorporate, and Sunnyvale became an official city.

Fremont High School first opened in 1923.

In 1924, Edwina Benner was elected to her first term as mayor of Sunnyvale. She was the second female mayor in the history of the state of California.

In 1930, Congress decided to place the West Coast dirigible base in Sunnyvale after "buying" the 1.000-acre 4.0 km 2 parcel of farmland bordering the San Francisco Bay from the city for $1.

This naval airfield was later renamed Moffett Naval Air Station and then Moffett Federal Airfield and is commonly called Moffett Field.

In 1939, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics NACA, the forerunner of NASA began research at Ames Laboratory.

During World War II, the war economy began a change from the fruit industry to the high-tech industry in Santa Clara County. The Joshua Hendy Iron Works built marine steam engines, naval guns and rocket launchers to aid in the war effort. As the defense industry grew, a shortage of workers in the farm industry was created. Immigrants from Mexico came to Sunnyvale to fill this void of workers.

Following the war, the fruit orchards and sweetcorn farms were cleared to build homes, factories and offices. In 1956, the aircraft manufacturer Lockheed moved its headquarters to Sunnyvale. Since then, numerous high-tech companies have established offices and headquarters in Sunnyvale, including Advanced Micro Devices and Yahoo. The first prototype of Pong, one of the first arcade videogames, was installed in Sunnyvale in August 1972, in a bar named Andy Capps Tavern, now Rooster T. Feathers. By 2002, the few remaining orchards had been replaced with homes and shops. However, there are still city-owned orchards, such as the Heritage Orchard next to the Sunnyvale Community Center.

In 1979, an indoor mall called Sunnyvale Town Center opened in what used to be a traditional downtown shopping district. After years of successful operation, the mall started to decline in the 1990s. After numerous changes in plans and ownership, the mall was demolished in 2007.

                                     

1.2. History 2000s

Sunnyvale celebrated its one-hundredth anniversary on August 25, 2012.

                                     

1.3. History Downtown development

In November 2009, previously closed portions of the main streets in downtown Sunnyvale were reopened as part of the ongoing downtown redevelopment of the Sunnyvale Town Center mall, marking the first time in over three decades that those street blocks have been open to vehicle and pedestrian traffic. Part of the project involved building new apartment buildings, however during the Great Recession the property was repossessed by Wells Fargo in 2009; the developer countersued, leaving the project in legal limbo through 2015.

The two office buildings are now fully occupied by Apple and Nokia. Mixed-use developments have been built at the former Town and Country location near the Plaza del Sol just north of Murphy Avenue. By mid-2015 new multistory apartment complexes had opened, including a number of ground-floor businesses, and the lawsuit against Wells Fargo was resolved in the banks favor. The development was sold to Sares Regis in late 2016. Redwood Square reopened as a park in 2017. The unfinished apartments are set to be complete and placed for rent in late 2018, with a Whole Foods Market and an AMC Theatres multiplex opening in 2019.



                                     

1.4. History Major businesses

In the 2010s, Sunnyvale became home to operations from numerous major technology companies, including Apple, LinkedIn now headquartered in Sunnyvale, Google, Walmart Labs, and 23andMe. Google in particular has announced major development plans in the Moffett Park area, adjacent to Moffett Field.

                                     

2. Geography

Sunnyvale is located at 37°22′7.56″N 122°2′13.4″W.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.7 sq mi 58.8 km 2, of which, 22.0 sq mi 56.9 km 2 of it is land and 0.69 sq mi 1.8 km 2 of it 3.09% is water. Its elevation is 130 feet above sea level.

Climate

Like most of the San Francisco Bay Area, Sunnyvale has a Mediterranean climate, with mild, moist winters and comfortably warm, very dry summers. Average daytime summer temperatures are in the high 70s, and during the winter, average daytime high temperatures rarely stay below 50 °F 10 °C. Snowfall is rare, but on January 21, 1962, and February 5, 1976, measurable snowfall occurred in Sunnyvale and most of the San Francisco Bay Area. Sunnyvale was briefly hit by tornadoes in 1998, but otherwise they are extremely rare.

                                     

3. Demographics

The 2010 United States Census reported that Sunnyvale had a population of 140.081. The population density was 6.173.9 people per square mile 2.383.8/km 2. The racial makeup of Sunnyvale was 60.193 43.0% White, 2.735 2.0% African American, 662 0.5% Native American, 57.320 40.9% Asian, 638 0.5% Pacific Islander, 12.177 8.7% from other races, and 6.356 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.517 persons 18.9%. Non-Hispanic Whites were 34.5% of the population in 2010, compared to 74.7% in 1980.

The Census reported that 139.232 people 99.4% of the population lived in households, 380 0.3% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 469 0.3% were institutionalized.

There were 53.384 households, out of which 18.614 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 28.583 53.5% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4.629 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.341 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2.386 4.5% unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 357 0.7% same-sex married couples or partnerships. 13.457 households 25.2% were made up of individuals and 3.775 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61. There were 35.553 families 66.6% of all households; the average family size was 3.15.

The population was spread out with 31.435 people 22.4% under the age of 18, 9.350 people 6.7% aged 18 to 24, 50.919 people 36.3% aged 25 to 44, 32.721 people 23.4% aged 45 to 64, and 15.656 people 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.9 males.

There were 55.791 housing units at an average density of 2.458.9 per square mile 949.4/km 2, of which 25.623 48.0% were owner-occupied, and 27.761 52.0% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.4%. 68.895 people 49.2% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 70.337 people 50.2% lived in rental housing units.



                                     

4. Government and politics

The mayor and vice-mayor of Sunnyvale are not directly elected. Instead they are selected from the city council members by the city council, serving two-year and one-year terms, respectively.

In the California State Legislature, Sunnyvale is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill, and in the 24th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Marc Berman.

In the United States House of Representatives, Sunnyvale is in Californias 17th congressional district, represented by Democrat Ro Khanna.

As of August 16, 2016, Sunnyvale had 56.030 registered voters.

                                     

5. Education

For elementary and middle schools, most of the city is in the Sunnyvale School District, while some parts are in the Cupertino Union School District and the Santa Clara Unified School District.

For high schools, most of the city is in the Fremont Union High School District the parts that are part of the Sunnyvale School District or Cupertino Union School District for primary schools, and those areas of Sunnyvale are divided between Fremont High School and Homestead High School. Some parts of the city are in the Santa Clara Unified School District.

                                     

6. Neighborhoods

The southern half of Sunnyvale is predominantly residential, while most of the portion of Sunnyvale north of Highway 237 is zoned for industrial use.

Within this southern half are several neighborhoods that account for a large number of Eichler homes throughout residential Sunnyvale. More specifically, there are 16 housing tracts containing over 1100 Eichler homes.

The far eastern section of El Camino Real in Sunnyvale has a significant concentration of businesses owned by Indian immigrants.

                                     

6.1. Neighborhoods Parks

There are 476 acres of parks in the Sunnyvale area. These include Las Palmas Park, Ortega Park, Seven Seas Park, Washington Park near downtown, two public golf courses, and Baylands Park, site of the annual Linux Picnic.

Charles Street Gardens, Sunnyvales oldest and largest community garden, is located adjacent to Sunnyvales Public Library. In 2017 the Santa Clara Unified School District has taken over operation of Full Circle Farm Sunnyvale which leased the land from the district, and plan is under way to focus the farm on education.

                                     

7. Transportation

Several major roads and freeways go through Sunnyvale:

  • State Route 82 El Camino Real
  • U.S. Route 101
  • State Route 85 Stevens Creek Freeway
  • Interstate 280 Junipero Serra Freeway
  • State Route 237 Southbay Freeway
                                     

7.1. Transportation Public transportation

Sunnyvale is served by Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority light rail and buses and by Caltrain commuter rail. Two Caltrain stations are located in Sunnyvale: the Sunnyvale Station in the Heritage District downtown, and the Lawrence Station in eastern Sunnyvale, north of the Ponderosa neighborhood.

                                     

7.2. Transportation Bicycle

Sunnyvale has been listed by the League of American Bicyclists as a bronze-level Bicycle Friendly Community.

The Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee advises the city council on the continued development of the bicycle plan for the city.

                                     

7.3. Transportation Airports

For commercial passenger air travel, Sunnyvale is served by three nearby international airports:

  • Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport SJC, 9.5 miles from downtown Sunnyvale by car. It is also accessible by Caltrain, VTA light rail, and VTA bus. Caltrain and light rail stations require a transfer to a free shuttle bus to get to the airport terminal. The Norman Y. Mineta airport has redirected its traffic over Sunnyvale called the south flow! This is because of the FAAs NextGen program that places commercial jets on a RAIL over Sunnyvale decreasing property values and making life miserable for residents.
  • San Francisco International Airport SFO, 27.7 miles by car. SFO is transit accessible from Sunnyvale via Caltrain and Bay Area Rapid Transit BART.
  • Metropolitan Oakland International Airport OAK, 37.5 miles by car. Access to Oakland airport by public transit is possible via multiple transfers.


                                     

8. Crime

Sunnyvale has consistently ranked as one of the safest ten cities for cities of similar size in the United States according to the FBIs crime reports. From 1966 to at least 2004, Sunnyvale never placed below fifth in safety rankings among U.S. cities in its population class. In 2005, Sunnyvale ranked as the 18th-safest city overall in the U.S., according to the Morgan Quitno Awards. In 2009, Sunnyvale was ranked 7th in U.S. by Forbes Magazine in an analysis of Americas safest cities. In 2018, Sunnyvale as named the safest city by SmartAsset.com for the third year in a row.

According to Sunnyvales Department of Public Safety, confirmed gang members make up less than one percent of the population, although 95% of the crime is gang on gang violence. Sunnyvales Gang Task-force agency as well as the FBI note three main gangs that exist in Sunnyvale, Varrio Via Sol abbreviated as VVS, Sunnyvale Sur Trece SST, and Varrio Mountain View VMV, all allying to either Sureño or Norteño families, one existing since the 1960s.

                                     

9. Folklore

A long-standing legend of Sunnyvale is of a ghost that haunts the towns Toys R Us store closed in 2018. A purported psychic, Sylvia Browne, claimed to have made contact with the ghost on the 1980 TV show Thats Incredible! and named him Johnny Johnson. This story was also explored in a 1991 episode of Haunted Lives: True Ghost Stories. Brown stated that he had been a Swedish preacher who worked as a farm hand in the orchard where the toy store now stands and that he bled to death from an accidental, self-inflicted axe injury to his leg.

                                     

10. Notable people

Arts

  • Tony Anselmo, animator and voice of Donald Duck
  • Robert Hawkins, artist and painter

Actors

  • Imran Khan, Bollywood actor
  • Teri Hatcher, actress
  • Ashleigh Aston Moore, actress

Businesspeople

  • Lee Pelekoudas, Seattle Mariners interim general manager, raised in Sunnyvale.
  • Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple Inc.
  • Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Inc.

Filmmakers

  • Tony Bui, film director
  • Arthur Davis, animator and director
  • Timothy Linh Bui, filmmaker
  • Steve Kloves, American screenwriter, film director and producer

Music

  • Brian MacLeod, musician
  • Antwon, hip-hop artist
  • The Orange Peels, musical group

Writers

  • Martin Ford, entrepreneur, author
  • Amy Tan, novelist
  • Jeff Goodell, writer
  • Michael S. Malone, multiple talents

Scientists

  • Andrew Fire, 2006 Nobel Laureate in medicine
  • Landon Curt Noll, astronomer, cryptographer and mathematician
  • Mark Rober, NASA JPL employee 2004–2011, current scientific YouTuber
                                     

10.1. Notable people Arts

  • Tony Anselmo, animator and voice of Donald Duck
  • Robert Hawkins, artist and painter
                                     

10.2. Notable people Actors

  • Imran Khan, Bollywood actor
  • Teri Hatcher, actress
  • Ashleigh Aston Moore, actress
                                     

10.3. Notable people Businesspeople

  • Lee Pelekoudas, Seattle Mariners interim general manager, raised in Sunnyvale.
  • Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple Inc.
  • Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Inc.
                                     

10.4. Notable people Filmmakers

  • Tony Bui, film director
  • Arthur Davis, animator and director
  • Timothy Linh Bui, filmmaker
  • Steve Kloves, American screenwriter, film director and producer
                                     

10.5. Notable people Music

  • Brian MacLeod, musician
  • Antwon, hip-hop artist
  • The Orange Peels, musical group
                                     

10.6. Notable people Writers

  • Martin Ford, entrepreneur, author
  • Amy Tan, novelist
  • Jeff Goodell, writer
  • Michael S. Malone, multiple talents
                                     

10.7. Notable people Sports

  • Bill Green, former United States and NCAA record holder in Track and Field, 5th in the hammer throw at the 1984 Summer Olympics
  • Chris Pelekoudas, Major League Baseball umpire, lived and died in Sunnyvale.
  • Tully Banta-Cain professional football player
  • Peter Ueberroth, Major League Baseball Commissioner 1984–89
  • Troy Tulowitzki, Major League Baseball player, graduated from Fremont High School
  • Penny Deen, swimmer and coach
  • Brian Boitano, figure skater
  • Benny Brown, runner
  • Francie Larrieu-Smith, track and field athlete
  • Sean Dawkins, NFL player, lived in Sunnyvale while attending Homestead High School in Cupertino.
                                     

10.8. Notable people Scientists

  • Andrew Fire, 2006 Nobel Laureate in medicine
  • Landon Curt Noll, astronomer, cryptographer and mathematician
  • Mark Rober, NASA JPL employee 2004–2011, current scientific YouTuber
                                     

11. Twin towns – sister cities

Until 1970, Sunnyvale had a Sister City relationship with Chillan, Chile. In 2013, the city entered into a three-year Friendly Exchange Relations Agreement with Iizuka, Japan; in July 2016 the city council voted to change this to a Sister City relationship.

                                     
  • The Sunnyvale Elementary School District is a public school district located in Sunnyvale California The Sunnyvale Elementary School District is a feeder
  • Sunnyvale is a Caltrain station in Sunnyvale California The station is within walking distance of the historic downtown of Sunnyvale and the new Cityline
  • The Sunnyvale Heritage Park Museum is a historical museum located in Sunnyvale California It is a replica of the original Martin Murphy family home.
  • high school in Sunnyvale California United States. Fremont is currently the only open public high school located in the city of Sunnyvale and is part of
  • Sunnyvale High School was the second public high school in the city of Sunnyvale California Opened in January 1956 as part of the Fremont Union High
  • Sunnyvale Town Center was a two - level dead shopping mall located in Sunnyvale California USA. It opened in 1979 on the site of much of the city s downtown
  • The Sunnyvale Public Library is a mid - sized public library serving the city of Sunnyvale California USA. The Library is located in the Sunnyvale Civic
  • Sunnyvale School District may refer to: Sunnyvale Independent School District in Sunnyvale Texas Sunnyvale School District California in Sunnyvale
  • States Air Force installation in Santa Clara County, California just outside the city limits of Sunnyvale at the intersection of U.S. Route 101 and State
  • Sunnyvale may refer to: Sunnyvale California a city in Santa Clara County, California United States, and the most populous place with this name Sunnyvale
  • Academy is a private, Christian junior and senior high school in Sunnyvale California US. It is a member of the Association of Christian Schools International
  • educational institution School Code: 13317491 based in Sunnyvale California in Silicon Valley. California South Bay University offers the following degree

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