ⓘ Los Altos, California
Los Altos) is a city in Santa Clara County, California, in northern Silicon Valley, in the San Francisco Bay Area. Los Altos means "the heights" in Spanish. The population was 28.976 according to the 2010 census.
Most of the citys growth occurred between 1950 and 1980. Originally an agricultural town with many summer cottages and apricot orchards, Los Altos is now a town in Silicon Valley. Los Altos has commercial zones, strictly limited to the downtown area, as well as small shopping and office parks lining Foothill Expressway and El Camino Real.
The area was originally called Banks and Braes.Paul Shoup, an executive of the Southern Pacific Railroad, and his colleagues formed the Altos Land Company in 1906 and started the development of Los Altos. The company acquired 140 acres of land from Sarah Winchester. Shoup wanted to link Palo Alto and Los Gatos by making Los Altos a commuter town. It continued a train-a-day operation to and from San Francisco.
In 1908, Southern Pacific Railroad began running steam train service through Los Altos April 19, 1908 with five trains per day. Two freight cars served as train depot. Also, the first commercial building, Eschenbruechers Hardware, was built in downtown. In 1913, the craftsman-style Los Altos train station was built at 288 First Street.
By 1949, many residents were dissatisfied with the zoning policy of Santa Clara county. Also, there was a constant threat of being annexed by neighboring Palo Alto and Mountain View, so they decided to incorporate. Los Altos became the eleventh city in Santa Clara county on December 1, 1952.
Train service stopped its operation in January 1964, and the train track became Foothill Expressway. Los Altos may have a legitimate claim to having the first scientifically designed sound baffle in the year 1970. Santa Clara County undertook a seminal study to calculate the effects of alternate soundwall designs along Foothill Expressway. The resulting wall brought about the predicted reduction of seven to ten decibels in noise pollution levels experienced by adjacent homes.
In 1976, Apple co-founders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak built the first 50 Apple I computers in Jobss garage in Los Altos.
In 2004, landlord Judy Fusco rented her Los Altos home, later known as Casa Facebook, to Mark Zuckerberg where he and a few other associates scaled Facebook from 200.000 members to 2.5 million.
Los Altos is bordered by Los Altos Hills to the west, Palo Alto to the north and west, Mountain View to the north and east, Sunnyvale to the east, and Cupertino to the southeast.
Los Altos is crossed by three creeks that flow north to San Francisco Bay, Adobe Creek on its western boundary, Stevens Creek on its eastern boundary and Permanente Creek in the middle. Hale Creek is tributary to Permanente Creek, and Permanente Creek is now largely diverted to Stevens Creek by a diversion channel. All three creeks originate on the flanks of Black Mountain.
3.1. Demographics 2010s
The 2010 United States Census reported that Los Altos had a population of 28.976. The population density was 4466.8 people per square mile 1724.6/km 2. The racial makeup of Los Altos was 20.459 70.6% White, 148 0.5% African American, 48 0.2% Native American, 6.815 23.5% Asian, 59 0.2% Pacific Islander, 195 0.7% from other races, and 1.252 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.132 persons 3.9%.
The Census reported that 28.749 people 99.2% of the population lived in households, 34 0.1% lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 193 0.7% were institutionalized.
There were 10.745 households, out of which 4.067 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7.476 69.6% were opposite-sex married couples living together, 599 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 228 2.1% had a male householder with no wife present. There were 199 1.9% unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 55 0.5% same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2.086 households 19.4% were made up of individuals and 1.228 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 8.303 families 77.3% of all households; the average family size was 3.08.
The population was spread out with 7.560 people 26.1% under the age of 18, 1.006 people 3.5% aged 18 to 24, 5.273 people 18.2% aged 25 to 44, 9.353 people 32.3% aged 45 to 64, and 5.784 people 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.
There were 11.204 housing units at an average density of 1727.1 per square mile 666.9/km 2, of which 9.002 83.8% were owner-occupied, and 1.743 16.2% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.0%. 24.669 people 85.1% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4.080 people 14.1% lived in rental housing units.
The median household income of Los Altos for 2013–2017 was $208.309. The average home listing price in 2014 was $1.96 million. In 2017, Forbes ranked Los Altos 94022 and 94024 as the 3rd and 48th most expensive ZIP codes in the United States with median home prices of $7.755.000 and $3.431.615, respectively. In 2018, data from the American Community Survey revealed that Los Altos was the fifth wealthiest city in the United States.
3.2. Demographics 2000
As of the census of 2000, there were 27.693 people, 10.462 households, and 8.024 families residing in the city. The population density was 4269 people per square mile 1648.3/km 2. There were 10.727 housing units at an average density of 1653.6 per square mile 638.5/km 2. The racial makeup of the city was 80.35% White, 15.42% Asian, 0.47% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race constituted 3.76% of the population.
Of 10.462 households, 33.6% had minor children living with them, 69.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female head with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 18.7% were singles including 9.8% 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age was 44 years, much higher than the 35.3 national figure. 23.7% were under 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.
3.3. Demographics Housing costs
Los Altos strives to maintain a semi-rural atmosphere. Los Altos has few sidewalks except in commercial zones and along arterial roads. Minimum lot size for most residential housing is one-quarter of an acre. Most roads have broad dirt shoulders and little or no street lighting. The civic center sits in the middle of an orchard, a remnant of those that once covered the area. The downtown is a triangle with arterials and collector streets on all sides that enable most through traffic to bypass Main Street.
Many Los Altos homes fetch $2 million and higher, putting the city along with neighboring Los Altos Hills, with which it shares ZIP codes at numbers 24 and 28 on Forbes "Most Expensive ZIP Codes in America" list in 2007. In 2015, Forbes placed Los Altos ZIP codes 94022 and 94024 as the 11th and 57th most expensive ZIP codes in the United States, behind such cities as Atherton, California and Sagaponack, New York. For the 94022 ZIP code, which includes parts of Los Altos Hills, California the median home price is $4.9 million with an average of 120 days on the market. For the 94024 ZIP code, the median home price is $2.8 million with an average of 36 days on the market.
Since the mid-1990s, downtown Los Altos has experienced mild economic difficulties due to competition from nearby shopping centers and chain stores, as well as its lack of a hotel or movie theater. Revitalizing downtown is a major issue in city politics.
According to the Citys 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
In the California State Legislature, Los Altos is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jerry Hill, and in the 24th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Marc Berman.
In the United States House of Representatives, Los Altos is in Californias 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo.
6.1. Education Public education
Primary and middle school students attend schools in the Los Altos School District, the Cupertino Union School District, or Bullis Charter School K–8. The Los Altos School District has one of the highest average API scores in California and includes seven elementary schools in the Los Altos–Mountain View area.
Local residents generally attend high school in one of two public school districts: Mountain View-Los Altos Union High School District, or Fremont Union High School District.
All of the public schools are highly regarded, and many graduates of Los Altos area high schools continue their education at well-known universities.
6.2. Education Private education
Los Altos is also served by highly regarded private and religious schools. St. Nicholas School, St. Simon School, Miramonte Elementary School, JrK–8th Canterbury Christian School K–6th, the Lower and Middle Campuses K–6th of Pinewood School, The School for Independent Learners, and the lower school campus of the Waldorf School of the Peninsula are located within city limits. Others nearby include St. Francis High School Mountain View, Mountain View Academy, and The Kings Academy Sunnyvale. Other schools farther away with students from Los Altos include Mitty High School, Menlo School, Woodside Priory School, Castilleja School, The Harker School, and Bellarmine College Preparatory.
6.3. Education Public libraries
Santa Clara County Library operates the Los Altos Library and the Woodland Branch Library in Los Altos.
7. Parks and conservation
Adobe Creek flows through Redwood Grove, a 5.9-acre 2.4 ha nature preserve off University Avenue in Los Altos purchased by the city in 1974. In October 2009 Los Altos contracted with Acterra to remove non-native plants and revitalize the redwood, oak woodland, riparian and grassland ecosystems by installing native plants, improving soil conditions, and creating habitat for wildlife such as bird houses and native bee boxes. The coast redwoods Sequoia sempervirens were transplanted by the Halsey family from a location on Summit Road in the Santa Cruz Mountains and replaced the native willows. The historic Halsey House, built in the late 1920s by Theodore and Emma Halsey, is a good example of Spanish Revival architecture. The city designated Halsey House a local landmark in 1981 and until recently it housed the Florence Fava collection of Coastanoan or Ohlone Indian artifacts from a nearby archeological excavation in Los Altos Hills now moved to the Los Altos History House. On June 16, 2010 the Los Altos City Council finalized the purchase of 10.000 square feet 930 m 2 of creekside property from Delbert and Marlene Beumer, who wanted to provide a safe pathway connecting Shoup Park and Redwood Grove.
Steelhead trout Oncorhynchus mykiss occurred historically in Adobe Creek. However, tidal gates at the mouth of Adobe Creek as well as culverts at the El Camino Real and Interstate 280 overpasses probably preclude the passage of migrating salmonids, even though the reaches upstream from Hidden Villa have been judged excellent trout habitat.
7.1. Parks and conservation Sports
Los Altos has a variety of youth-oriented sports organizations, programs, and after-school activities. Some examples:
- The Mountain View Los Altos Soccer Club MVLASC has provided competitive soccer for the MVLA community since 1972. It is a member of the California Youth Soccer Association – North Cal North Soccer and plays in the Foothill Youth Soccer League. The club has won 14 State Championships and two National Championships.
- Los Altos–Mountain View Pony Baseball is for boys and girls aged 5 to 19. It is the largest youth baseball program in the San Francisco Bay Area, and a chartered league of PONY Baseball, Inc.
- West Valley Pop Warner offers cheerleading and football programs to local youth.
- The El Camino YMCA Youth Basketball League teaches basic basketball skills and the YMCAs core values.
7.2. Parks and conservation Media
The Los Altos Town Crier, a weekly, is the primary newspaper for the town, "serving the Hometown of Silicon Valley since 1947." The San Jose Mercury News is the primary daily newspaper serving the town, delivering a Peninsula Section to Los Altans and locations north in lieu of the Local section delivered to those in San Jose and other communities closer to San Jose.
8. Natural disasters
Los Altos is near the San Andreas Fault and subject to earthquakes.
- 1906 San Francisco earthquake – Although Los Altos was hit extremely hard VIII on the intensity level, the main local effort was to help rebuild nearby Santa Cruz, which was nearly destroyed.
- 1989 – On October 17, Los Altos experienced the Loma Prieta earthquake, but was spared major damage. Los Altos and its churches combined efforts to clean up hard-hit areas such as Watsonville and Santa Cruz.
- Pet Parade
- Main Street Parade
- Los Altos High School Homecoming Parade
- Downtown Los Altos Arts & Wine Festival, Los Altos Village Association
- Los Altos Fall Festival, Los Altos Chamber of Commerce
- Los Altos Kiwanis Club
- California Country Annual Fall Antique Americana Show & Sale, June & October, Los Altos History Museum
- Halloween Festival
- Festival of Lights Parade held the Sunday night of Thanksgiving weekend
- Downtown Los Altos Farmers Market, Thursdays 4–8 p.m., May through September, Los Altos Village Association
- Los Altos Rotary Club Fine Art Show
9.1. Parades/activities Los Altos History Museum
Located in one of Santa Clara Valleys few remaining apricot orchards, the Los Altos History Museum explores the rich history of local people and how the use of the land over time has transformed the agricultural paradise once known as the "Valley of Hearts Delight" into the technology hub that is todays Silicon Valley.
Opened in spring of 2001 adjacent to the Los Altos Library, the Los Altos History Museum occupies an 8.200-square-foot 760 m 2 building – built entirely with private donations; ownership went to the town in 2002. The Museum features a changing exhibits gallery as well as the permanent exhibit, "Crown of the Peninsula".
With the mission to "collect, preserve and interpret the history of the Los Altos area," the Museum includes interactive exhibits and hands-on activities to encourage children and adults to learn about the community. Other programs include third and fourth grade tours and curricula for local school children, oral history collections, a traveling Ohlone kit, and much more.
Theres more history just across the lushly landscaped courtyard in the landmark J. Gilbert Smith House. Built in 1905 and refurbished, the home nestles under majestic heritage oaks and replicates a 1930s farmhouse. Visitors are welcome to enjoy the gardens and picnic tables even when the House and Museum are closed.
10. Notable people
- Jesse Grant, son of the 18th President of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant
- Dennis "Thresh" Fong, businessman and professional gamer of the Quake series
- John Lee Hooker, world-renowned blues guitarist, died at his home in Los Altos on June 21, 2001.
- Alan Cranston, former United States Senator from California, Senate Majority Whip, Senate Minority Whip, Controller of California, and member of the Keating Five
- Juli Inkster, LPGA golfer
- Michele Raffin, writer and founder of Pandemonium Aviaries
- Janet Lewis, author and poet, died at her home in Los Altos at the age of 99 on December 1, 1998.
- Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Inc.
- Sundar Pichai, Chief Executive Officer of Google.
- Allan Bakke, student who challenged the practice of affirmative action in the 1978 landmark Supreme Court decision Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
- Alejandro Toledo, 63rd President of Peru
- William E. Moerner, 2014 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Andrew L. Lewis, US Navy Vice-Admiral and Commander, United States Second Fleet
- Mary G. Ross, the first Native American female engineer
- Frank and Josephine Duveneck
- Ed Zschau, former congressman for Californias 12th district
- John Warnock, co-founder of Adobe Systems
- Sergey Brin, one of the Google founders
- General Oliver P. Smith, served as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps and Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division during the Inchon Landings and Chosin Reservoir Campaign of the Korean War.
- Andrew Grove, co-founder and former CEO of Intel
- Charles Geschke, co-founder of Adobe Systems
°Shirley Temple, famous actress and child actress
11. Sister cities
Los Altos had four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:
- Bendigo, Australia
- Shilin, Taiwan
- Rustington, UK
- Syktyvkar, Russia
The program was run by the non-profit Los Altos Sister Cities, Inc., founded in 1988. That organization later decided to cease its participation and is now dissolved. Los Altos no longer participates in the sister cities program.
- Los Altos Hills US: lɔːs ˈæltoʊs translation: The Heights Hills is an incorporated town in Santa Clara County, California United States. The population
- school located in Los Altos California United States, in the heart of Silicon Valley. The student - teacher ratios at Los Altos High School are considerably
- States, in eastern Los Angeles County. It should not be confused with the Los Altos High School located in the city of Los Altos California The school was
- of Los Altos California in the United States. the town of Los Altos Hills, California United States has been mistaken for neighboring Los Altos the
- Mountain View Los Altos Union High School District MVLA is a school district serving Mountain View, Los Altos and Los Altos Hills, California The elementary
- the affluent Silicon Valley communities of Los Altos and Los Altos Hills, in Santa Clara County, California Founded in 1959, by Gwen Riches, the school
- in Santa Clara County, California United States. It courses through the cities of Los Altos Hills, Los Altos and Palo Alto Historically, Adobe Creek
- west Santa Clara County, California south of Los Altos and Los Altos Hills, and west of Cupertino it is within the Palo Alto city limits though not near
- high schools in California sharing the name Los Altos Los Altos High School Hacienda Heights, California Los Altos High School Los Altos California
- The Los Altos Town Crier is an American independently owned paid newspaper which serves the city of Los Altos and surrounding Santa Clara County, California
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