ⓘ Energy models ..


Energy modeling

Energy modeling or energy system modeling is the process of building computer models of energy systems in order to analyze them. Such models often employ scenario analysis to investigate different assumptions about the technical and economic conditions at play. Outputs may include the system feasibility, greenhouse gas emissions, cumulative financial costs, natural resource use, and energy efficiency of the system under investigation. A wide range of techniques are employed, ranging from broadly economic to broadly engineering. Mathematical optimization is often used to determine the least ...


Energy Modeling Forum

The Energy Modeling Forum is a structured forum for discussing important issues in energy and the environment. The EMF was established in 1976 at Stanford University. The EMF works through a series of ad hoc working groups, each focussing on a particular corporate or policy decision. The EMF provides a non-partisan platform that ensures objective consideration of opposing views. Participation is by invitation. Since the late-1990s, the EMF has made contributions to the economics of climate change, as witnessed in the reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC and on inte ...



MARKAL is a numerical model used to carry out economic analysis of different energy related systems at the country level to represent its evolution over a period of usually of 40–50 years. The word MARKAL was generated by concatenating two words. Various parameters such as energy costs, plant costs, plant performances, building performance and so on, can be input and the software will choose an optimal technology mix to meet that demand at minimum cost. It is available from the International Energy Agency. TIMES is an evolution of MARKAL and both energy models share many similarities.


National Energy Modeling System

The National Energy Modeling System is an economic and energy model of United States energy markets created at the U.S. Energy Information Administration. NEMS projects the production, consumption, conversion, import, export, and pricing of energy. The model relies on assumptions for economic variables, including world energy market interactions, resource availability, technological choice and characteristics, and demographics.


Open energy system models

Open energy system models are energy system models that are open source. However, some of them may use third party proprietary software as part of their workflows to input, process, or output data. Preferably, these models use open data, which facilitates open science. Energy system models are used to explore future energy systems and are often applied to questions involving energy and climate policy. The models themselves vary widely in terms of their type, design, programming, application, scope, level of detail, sophistication, and shortcomings. For many models, some form of mathematica ...



The RETScreen Clean Energy Management Software is a software package developed by the Government of Canada. RETScreen Expert was highlighted at the 2016 Clean Energy Ministerial held in San Francisco. RETScreen Expert is the current version of the software and was released to the public on September 19, 2016. The software allows for the comprehensive identification, assessment and optimization of the technical and financial viability of potential renewable energy, energy efficiency and cogeneration projects; as well as the measurement and verification of the actual performance of facilitie ...



The World3 model is a system dynamics model for computer simulation of interactions between population, industrial growth, food production and limits in the ecosystems of the earth. It was originally produced and used by a Club of Rome study that produced the model and the book The Limits to Growth. The creators of the model were Dennis Meadows, project manager, and a team of 16 researchers. The model was documented in the book Dynamics of Growth in a Finite World. It added new features to Jay W. Forresters World2 model. Since World3 was originally created, it has had minor tweaks to get t ...


ⓘ Energy models

  • Professor Energy and Commodities at the ESCP Europe. The first version of the ACEGES decision - support tool was written in 2010. The ACEGES models energy demand
  • of supply and demand in energy market Energy and economic growth Energy derivatives Energy elasticity Energy forecasting Energy markets and electricity
  • countries. Its primary focus is in de - risking and scaling up clean energy business models REEEP was originally launched by the government of the United Kingdom
  • will be used less. Current energy - efficient refrigerators, for example, use 40 percent less energy than conventional models did in 2001. Following this
  • context of energy security, security of energy supply is an issue of utmost importance. Moreover, it is time to define a global energy policy model which
  • Energy policy is the manner in which a given entity often governmental has decided to address issues of energy development including energy production
  • simulation and modeling carbon and sustainability reporting, IT equipment management, demand response, and or energy audits. Managing energy can require
  • conservation of energy states that energy can be converted in form, but not created or destroyed. The SI unit of energy is the joule, which is the energy transferred
  • assessment models also integrate other aspects of human development such as education, health, infrastructure, and governance. These models are integrated
  • and cooling systems have a yellow Energy Guide label showing the annual cost of operation compared to other models This label is created through the
  • In chemistry and physics, Energy of Activation is the energy which must be provided to a chemical or nuclear system with potential reactants to result
  • dynamic energy budget models follow the energy budget of an individual organism throughout its life cycle by contrast, static energy budget models describe

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