ⓘ Cognitive justice. The concept of cognitive justice is based on the recognition of the plurality of knowledge and expresses the right of the different forms of ..


ⓘ Cognitive justice

The concept of cognitive justice is based on the recognition of the plurality of knowledge and expresses the right of the different forms of knowledge to co-exist.

Indian scholar Shiv Visvanathan coined the term cognitive justice in his 1997 book "A Carnival for Science: Essays on science, technology and development". Commenting on the destructive impact of hegemonic Western science on developing countries and non-Western cultures, Visvanathan calls for the recognition of alternative sciences or non-Western forms of knowledge. He argues that different knowledges are connected with different livelihoods and lifestyles and should therefore be treated equally.

Cognitive justice is a critique on the dominant paradigm of modern science and promotes the recognition of alternative paradigms or alternative sciences by facilitating and enabling dialogue between, often incommensurable, knowledges. These dialogues of knowledge are perceived as contributing to a more sustainable, equitable, and democratic world.

The call for cognitive justice is found in a growing variety of fields, such as ethnobiology, technology and database design, and in information and communication technology for development ICT4D.

South-African scholar and UNESCO education expert Catherine Odora Hoppers wrote about cognitive justice in the field of education. She argued that Indigenous knowledges have to be included in the dialogues of knowledge without having to fit in the structures and standards of Western knowledge. When Indigenous knowledges are treated equally, they can play their role in making a more democratic and dialogical science, which remains connected to the livelihoods and survival of all cultures.

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  • The just - world hypothesis or just - world fallacy is the cognitive bias or assumption that a person s actions are inherently inclined to bring morally
  • related is cognitive dissonance, in which contradictory beliefs cause conflict in one s mind. Doublethink is notable due to a lack of cognitive dissonance - thus
  • former Guggenheim fellow. He lectures internationally on animal behavior, cognitive ethology the study of animal minds and behavioral ecology, and writes
  • together the cognitive and motivational aspects of the human sense of justice in the appropriate way. Rawls argues that candidate principles of justice cannot
  • individuals are likely in a troubled state, pressures of reporting are cognitively taxing. To report crime, especially sexual crimes, implicates a further
  • and Daniel Kahneman took a different approach, linking heuristics to cognitive biases. Their typical experimental setup consisted of a rule of logic
  • contact with the law. Legal psychologists typically take basic social and cognitive principles and apply them to issues in the legal system such as eyewitness

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