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ⓘ Virgin Media One, also called Virgin One, is an Irish free-to-air television channel owned by Virgin Media Ireland, operated through its subsidiary Virgin Media ..




Virgin Media One
                                     

ⓘ Virgin Media One

Virgin Media One, also called Virgin One, is an Irish free-to-air television channel owned by Virgin Media Ireland, operated through its subsidiary Virgin Media Television. The channel was launched as TV3 on 20 September 1998, becoming Irelands first commercial television channel.

                                     

1. History

In October 1988, the Independent Radio and Television Commission IRTC was set up to regulate new independent stations. Following this TV3 was intended to be the Republic of Irelands third terrestrial channel. The original broadcasting licence was granted to a consortium Tullamore Beta Ltd in 1990 some of this consortium made up of Windmill Lane Productions and Paul McGuinness. It was originally envisaged that the channel would broadcast solely on cable and analogue MMDS, but it was later 1990 decided that the channel should broadcast on some terrestrial UHF transmitters similar to other Irish channels. Initially their signal coverage was much poorer than that of RTE but this has been largely addressed since the switchover to digital television.

TV3s broadcast was further delayed when IRTC revoked the broadcasting licence due to delays in broadcasting the channel. After a court battle the licence was eventually restored in 1993. By 1993 an agreement was made to sell 49 per cent of the company to UTV, to raise much-needed cash for investment in facilities. However, UTV pulled out of negotiations in 1995, after TV3 tried to convince existing MMDS and cable television providers to drop UTV and replace it with TV3. Cable operators declined to drop UTV Northern Ireland from its line-up.

In 1997, Canadian communications company Canwest bought a major stake in the new company. In 2001, Granada purchased a 45% share in the company. By 2006 the group was sold to Doughty Hanson & Co. In 2015, Liberty Global confirmed it planned to purchase the TV3 Group, approval to purchase the broadcaster was given on 2 October 2015 by the CCPC.

In June 2018, it was announced that the TV3 Group channels would be rebranded as Virgin Media Television on 30 August 2018, with TV3 renamed Virgin Media One.

                                     

2.1. Subsidiary channels Virgin Media One +1

A timeshift channel TV3 +1 launched on 2 December 2014 on UPC Ireland. The channel was added to Sky Ireland on 8 April 2015.

However, the channel is unavailable to viewers on Saorview, as TV3 were in dispute with its operator 2RN formerly a subsidiary of RTE over the non-payment of tariffs over several years by TV3. On 30 August 2018, with the rebrand of TV3, TV3 +1 was rebranded as Virgin Media One +1.

                                     

2.2. Subsidiary channels Virgin Media One HD

TV3 HD is a high definition version of TV3, both domestic and imported programming is available in HD, mainly sporting content. TV3 HD launched on Virgin Media Ireland and Sky Ireland on 11 August 2015. It is anticipated TV3 will utilise its existing Virgin Media TV3 HD Studio in Ballymount where a number of its shows already broadcast from such as Ireland:AM, Xpose, The Tonight Show and 3 News. The service is currently unavailable on Saorview. On 30 August 2018, with the rebrand of TV3, TV3 HD was rebranded as Virgin Media One HD.

                                     

3. Broadcasting policy

TV3 broadcasts a wide range of programming which in its early years depended heavily on international acquisitions. In 2008, the TV3 Group produced a three-year strategy to increase the amount of homegrown productions on the channel. Under its contract with the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland BCI, TV3 is required since 2008 to have 30% of its programming coming from Ireland though TV3 now produces 40% Irish produced content most of this content comes from in studio productions such as Ireland AM and Xpose. In 2010 TV3 announced a target of 50% Irish programming by 2012. TV3 has also confirmed its plan to build a major new studio in 2011 which will be fully HD capable with audience capacity.

The company has a small staff of 200 employees to run three television channels and one on-demand online service. On average, TV3 spend about €10 million on internal productions which are generally for daytime viewers. It does not have a history of strong prime-time content; generally its home produced programmes consist of at least one independently produced programme, e.g. The Apprentice, a number of internal documentaries such as Ireland Undercover and a number of BCI licence fee-funded independent products such as School Run, Diary of. and Modern Ireland.

As of October 2009, TV3 claims to be the most watched television channel by people aged 15–24 years old. This group was previously captured by RTE One. This is an important group to capture as it is often these viewers whom advertisers wish to target. In reaction to this press release from TV3, RTE rebutted its claims stating that RTE One outdoes TV3 in far more demographic categories and that TV3s press release, "In terms of the selective audiences focussed upon by TV3 in their release, its clear this is a recent phenomenon and only pertains to a narrow sub-demographic of young viewers in this country. By contrast, the year-to-date equivalent 1 January – 20 October, all day national share, sees RTE One with a 16.2% share of the 15-24s; TV3 with a 13.3% share."



                                     

3.1. Broadcasting policy Budget

In 2009 TV3 had revenues of €54.300.000. In the previous year 2008, TV3 received €62 million in advertising revenue. Increases in programme cost during 2008 included new sporting contracts with the GAA and UEFA, the first renewal of its contract with the British broadcaster ITV for shows such as The X Factor and Coronation Street, a small but significant increase in programmes commissioned from independent producers. It also increased investment in online technology, with its online service earning a profit for the first time.

In 2008, TV3 received €3 million in funding from the licence fee for independent productions on the channel.

In 2009, two rounds of redundancies reduced TV3 staff to 213 people. Staff savings have been augmented by agreed reductions in wages. The 200 staff working in TV3 now provide seven hours of live television five days a week, an increase of two hours and a staff reduction of 50 since 2007.

In February 2012 the Irish Bank Resolution Corporation IBRC restructure TV3s outstanding loans to the bank. The owners of TV3, Doherty Hanson & Co., have loans of €140million with the bank. €51million will continue to be repaid over the next 5 years, while €81.1 will be frozen until a "liquidity event", according to the IBRC this is in the event of a sale of TV3.

In TV3 saw losses of €7million in 2014 and €17million in 2015, with operating expenses of €55.6million.

                                     

3.2. Broadcasting policy Product placement

Product placement within Irish produced programming had previously been banned by broadcasting authorities in Ireland, though in the past Irish viewers have been used to product placement as seen on US television and film productions. Due to an EU ruling made in 2007, Irish broadcasters can now place products within programming mainly entertainment shows, though excludes programming which is deemed mainly news and current affairs and programming aimed at children. On 15 August 2011 it was confirmed that TV3 would become the first official broadcaster to implement the new broadcasting terms. Kenco reportedly paid TV3 Group a six-figure sum to place its branding on two key early morning television shows mainly, The Morning Show and Midday from September 2011. Similar to RTE and TG4 broadcasters will have to air the logo PP at the beginning and end of the show to inform viewers that products will appear on the show. RTE Television has previously used product placement on its series The Late Show.



                                     

4. Irish-produced programming

Virgin Media Ireland programming has often been criticised for having no "distinctive, clearly Irish identity". In spring 2008, a major effort was made by the station to change this situation. In general Virgin Media Ireland spends around €10 million on its Irish productions each year. In 2008 it significantly increased the number of prime time shows produced in Ireland. Under current broadcasting legislation, Virgin Media One is required to use 15% of its total Irish production budget for independent productions. Since 2004 independent productions for the network have been able to avail of the BAIs Sound and Vision Fund, a fund provided to the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland BAI from the licence fee. In 2008 independent producers received €3million from the Sound and Vision fund for programming that they produced for the network.

                                     

4.1. Irish-produced programming News and current affairs

Virgin Media News provides national Irish and international news through television, online, on-demand and on mobile. The news service begins at 07:00 with regularly bulletins featured on Ireland AM until 10:30. The main news bulletins on Virgin Media One are Virgin Media News at 12.30, Virgin Media News at 5.30, Virgin Media News at 8.00, plus Virgin Media Late News on Virgin Media Two. On Virgin Media Three, 60 Second Update bulletins are broadcast throughout prime-time.

                                     

4.2. Irish-produced programming Sports programming

From its infancy, TV3 aired a live sporting programme called Sports Tonight 1998–2009 hosted by Trevor Welsh. The show would air weeknights from 23:30, until its controversial cancellation on 23 March 2009.

At its launch, TV3 secured rights to number of Republic of Ireland exhibition matches. It joined forces with Sky to provide deferred coverage of World Cup Qualifying games along with a programme dedicated to League of Ireland games, The Soccer Show and live coverage of League of Ireland games. Later those games moved to RTE after the government chose to put those games on a live free-to-air footing.

Virgin Media Ireland currently holds the Irish broadcasting rights to 2018 for UEFA Champions League on Tuesday nights, while RTE 2 covers Wednesday nights and the final exclusively live. which includes in-vision sporting commentary and analysis by Virgin Media Sport presenters and crew. Coverage is presented by Tommy Martin alongside 2 pundits examples being Graeme Souness, Harry Redknapp, Brian Kerr, Neil Lennon, Martin Keown or Tony Cascarino. Commentary is provided by Dave McIntyre and Kevin Kilbane or Mark Lawrenson with Trevor Welsh also providing highlights commentary. The network previously held exclusive Irish rights from 2001–2004. It then lost these to RTE but since 2009 have shared rights with RTE and will continue to have these rights until 2018. TV3 also held rights to the UEFA Europa League matches on Thursday nights until 2015. In 2015 TV3 began airing the FA Cup Final live and will do so through to 2018. The coverage was presented by Tommy Martin alongside Paul McShane and Brian Kerr with commentary by Dave McIntyre and Kevin Kilbane.

A milestone in TV3 broadcasting history came with coverage of the 2011 UEFA Europa League Final, held at the Aviva Stadium in Dublin. Forty cameras were used to broadcast to an audience in the tens of millions across the world.

From 2008 to 2013 TV3 secured broadcasting rights for a selection of GAA All-Ireland Senior Football Championship and All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship matches as part of Championship Live. In 2008, the station began broadcasting a selection of live matches, as well as a weekly preview show called Championship Throw In. TV3 lost these rights in 2014 to Sky Sports.

TV3 first aired Rugby with coverage of the 2007 Rugby World Cup. The channel had coverage of 13 games with all Ireland matches, quarter-finals, semi-finals, the final and the opening match shown live alongside Setanta Ireland who broadcast all matches. TV3 coverage in 2007 was hosted by Matt Cooper with analysis by Paul Wallace, Trevor Brennan, Jim Glennon, Michael Cheika, Jim Williams and Victor Costello. The commentators were Conor McNamara and Phillip Matthews.

Days after the loss of Gaelic games Championship rights in 2014, the station secured live free to air coverage of the 2015 Rugby World Cup. TV3 broadcast all 48 matches in the 2015 Rugby World Cup. Coverage was presented by Matt Cooper or Tommy Martin alongside Keith Wood, Matt Williams, Peter Stringer, Shane Jennings, Neil Back, Murray Kinsella with commentary by 2 commentary teams – the first being Conor McNamara, Stuart Barnes and Liam Toland and the second being Dave McIntyre and Hugo McNeill. Other commentary was provided by the world field such as Andrew Cotter, Joel Stransky, Alan Quinlan, Chris Patterson. The coverage has been met with significant criticism due to the high number of ad breaks and their positioning throughout the coverage. After a successful Rugby World Cup for TV3 they shocked RTE Sport in November 2015 by winning the rights to broadcast all matches in the 6 Nations from 2018–2021 with RTE continuing to cover the tournament in 2016–2017.

                                     

4.3. Irish-produced programming Daytime programming

Virgin Media Ones daytime TV takes up the majority of its home produced programming. Virgin Media Ireland has stated that 40% of its total output is of Irish origin 10% more than its requirement under its broadcast licence with the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland. Together Ireland AM, News at 12.30, Xpose and News at 5.30 make up 30 hours of television each week.

TV3s first daytime produced programme was Speakeasy produced by Fastnet for TV3. The series focused on topical issues affecting people in Ireland ranging from divorce, sex, crime, multiculturalism, poverty, sexuality and other topics were discussed amongst the presenter and a panel of guests. The show ran for one year from 1998 to 1999.

The station created a new morning news talk show, Ireland AM, launched in September 1999. It became Irelands first televised breakfast show. The show airs every weekday morning from 07:00 until 11:00 featuring a broad range of topics such as news, show business, daily newspapers, current affairs, technology, cooking, animal welfare, social issues, fashion, beauty, health, interviews, traffic reports, weather, sport, movies and music. Ireland AM s presenting team include Karen Koster, Anna Daly, Ciara Doherty and Alan Hughes.

Originally Ireland AM broadcast for two hours each morning, it now broadcasts for 3 and a half hours. In 2013 45 minutes extra were added to the show with the first hour hosted by Anton Savage as a current affairs programme, in 2014 TV3 drop the extra 45 minutes and the first hour of Current Affairs.

In 2008, TV3 launched a female skewed programme similar to The View called Midday. Midday broadcasts from 11:30 until 12:30; the show is presented by Elaine Crowley and is joined on occasion by Sybil Mulcahy in front of a live studio audience.

In 2009, TV3 launched a new topical show called The Morning Show with Sybil & Martin. In August 2013, TV3 confirmed that The Morning Show had been axed from the new autumn schedule after weeks of speculation.

In 2013 Late Lunch Live started broadcasting Monday to Friday at 14:30. The show is hosted by Lucy Kennedy and Martin King. In February 2015 this was replaced by The Seven OClock Show.

In 2014 the afternoon news at 12:45 was rebranded as The 12:30 and now runs for 30 minutes Monday to Friday. In June 2015, TV3 Group confirmed it would extend its Ireland AM format into the weekends. From August 2015, the station began broadcasting Weekend AM live providing up to six hours live content on the weekends.



                                     

4.4. Irish-produced programming 2002–2006

In May 2002, Haunted House started out with about 26 contestants who would be ultimately voted out of the house by the public. The tasks were similar to those of Im a Celebrity.Get Me Out of Here!.

In 2003, TV3 launched the ill-fated The Dunphy Show presented by Eamon Dunphy, which was built up to be a contender with RTE Ones The Late Show.

TV3 also launched a weekly movie review show called Popcorn.

In 2005, TV3 made a second attempt at launching another late night talk show every Wednesday at 22:00 hosted by Brendan Courtney called The Brendan Courtney Show. It was somewhat successful and ran for two seasons.

In the same year the channel launched a property based show hosted by Richard Eberle and Maura Derrane called The Property Game. Similar to other European broadcasters TV3 began to produce its own reality based TV series.

In 2006 TV3 produced its second reality TV series. The Box, fronted by Keith Duffy, debuted on Monday 9 October 2006.

                                     

4.5. Irish-produced programming 2007–2014

From 2007 TV3 continued its commitment to increase its Irish entertainment output. In April 2007, the channel launched the female-skewed news entertainment show Xpose airing weeknights at 18:00.

An Irish version of Deal or No Deal which ran for one season in association with the Irish National Lottery was launched in 2009. It was produced by Endemol for TV3.

As part of the autumn-winter schedule in 2008, TV3 aired the Irish version of the internationally successful The Apprentice. This proved to be very successful for TV3. The series aired on the channel between 2008 and 2012. It also led to spin-off shows called The Apprentice: Youre Fired! and The Apprentice: At Home.

In 2009 entertainment news anchor Lorraine Keane left Xpose, which resulted in a reality TV show called Total Xposure which focused on a nationwide search for a new presenter.

TV3 began to air an Irish version of the international dating show Take Me Out from 2010. The series was presented by radio DJ Ray Foley.

In 2011, Adele King was expected to host an agony aunt talkshow, Give Adele a Bell ; this has not aired on TV3. Alan Hughes Family Fortunes aired on the channel in 2011 along with an Irish version of Mastermind.

On 7 June 2010 TV3 introduced Celebrity Salon, in which each season focuses on six celebrities who have to complete daily tasks in relation to the beauty industry. The celebrities who appeared in the shows first season included Brian Dowling, Pippa OConnor, Leigh Arnold, Virginia Macari, Celia Holman Lee and Breffny Morgan.

In the same month TV3 introduced Style Wars, a search for Irelands top fashion designer in a similar format to Project Runway.

The same year TV3 produced a localized version of the BBC Three series Young, Dumb and Living Off Mum.

On 8 April 2011 TV3 produced a reality show based on cooking, Head Chef. Due to its success a celebrity version, Celebrity Head Chef, and youth-oriented show, Junior Head Chef, were also introduced.

TV3 began to produce an Irish version of Come Dine With Me, produced by ITV for TV3 Group. The series aired on the channel as well as international channels such as Channel 4.

Following the success of MTVs scripted reality shows such as Jersey Shore, TV3 introduced its equivalent with the launch of Tallafornia in 2011. The show proved to be successful for the channel. A number of spin-off shows followed and aired on sister channel 3e. A new reality TV series was introduced, Dublin Wives previously Dublin Housewives.

In 2013 new shows were introduced to the schedule including The Great Irish Bake Off and an Irish version of Celebrity Apprentice. Keith Barry hosted a second show for TV3, Brain Hacker. It also confirmed new game shows such as Pressure Point, Cant Move? Improve! and Save Your Money.

                                     

4.6. Irish-produced programming 2014–2016

TV3 announced a number of new entertainment series for the next two years, including an Irish version of the successful Channel 4 series Gogglebox. This proved successful for TV3 and a second series was commissioned.

As part of an overhaul of TV3, it stated it would launch a new lifestyle show airing each weekday night from early 2015, Life. However, in a change of plans, TV3 opted for a weekly Friday night series for a six-week run, with The Seven OClock Show replacing Late Lunch Live.

Xpose runs for 60 minutes each weekday night from 18:00 as of 8 September 2014 an increase of 30 minutes.

Home produced game shows including Sitting on a Fortune, Keith Barry: Brain Hacker, The Lie, The Algorithm with Ray Foley, Crossfire and Jason Byrnes Snaptastic Show all aired on the channel in 2014. The Lie got a second season in 2015. In 2015 The Restaurant was picked up by TV3, after a five-year hiatus from RTE. Brian Ormond will present a new game show called Wishlist on the channel in 2016.

                                     

4.7. Irish-produced programming 2017–present

As part of the three channel partnership, the station began to simulcast This Morning, as a result Ireland AM was shown from 7:00 to 10:30, The Chase will be shown at 13:00. They also air British soap operas Emmerdale and Coronation Street

Stellify Media produced an Irish version of Blind Date, hosted by IFTA Award winning comedian Al Porter that aired on TV3 on 8 October 2017. As of 8 February 2019 they have aired the Irish version of Got Talent, locally called Irelands Got Talent. Since 2017 they have also aired The Voice UK, this is the first version of the voice to air in Ireland since RTE One cancelled The Voice Of Ireland, they also air The X Factor UK

                                     

4.8. Irish-produced programming Drama

Upon launch the network was slow to embrace producing localized dramas however, it contribute to producing a number of short and feature films with both the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland and Screen Ireland then Irish Film Board such as Watermelon.

In 2004 it co-produced RTE Twos ill-fated 20 some-things drama The Big Bow Wow.

Since 2006, the channel has looked towards home produced drama with the likes of Laura Windermeres Bag and Deception. It also took a look at two other drama serials The Guards and a revival of RTEs The Clinic ; however, neither came to fruition.

In 2008, further homegrown produced drama series were added, the first being the one-off bilingual drama School Run. This was based on a school and was co-financed by TV3 and Broadcasting Authority of Irelands Sound and Vision Fund. It debuted in December 2008. In 2009, TV3 produced Laura Windermeres Bag, a contemporary adaptation of the Oscar Wilde play Lady Windermeres Fan, set in the south of Dublin.

TV3 would later produce The Guards starring Emmett J. Scanlan, promoting it as an Irish version of The Wire it was scheduled to broadcast in summer 2010. When production began two episodes were produced and later an additional four episodes were added to the series. Despite promotion around the series, the programme never aired on TV3.

In 2011, TV3 broadcast RTLs Jack Taylor series. In 2012 TV3 and ITV co-produced Titanic with funding from the BAI. In 2013, TV3 premiered a new Irish drama Taylor Hill, the show was later aired as Deception which received mixed reviews. As part of its 2012 autumn-winter season TV3 announced it was to air its first comedy show which follow three couples embarking on couples counselling in On the Couch, this show aired in early 2013.

In 2015 TV3 broadcast the film adaptation of the play The Guarantee, which explores the Irish Banking collapse in the late 2000s.

In 2016, a three-part Irish produced series titled Smalltown aired on the channel starring Pat Shortt.

                                     

4.9. Irish-produced programming Soap opera

In late 2009, following the cancellation of RTEs critically acclaimed medical drama series The Clinic TV3 speculated at reviving the show as a soap rather than a serial. TV3 later confirmed it would not seek to revive the show.

TV3 tendered for a production company to produce a new weekly soap for the channel, which would air from 2015. UK production houses Lime Productions Hollyoaks and Zodiak Media Being Human along with Irish production houses Element Pictures Pure Mule and Parallel Films The Clinic were among 16 tenders brought to TV3 for the new soap. According to The Sunday Times, 2 March 2014, TV3 sent a letter of intent to Element Pictures and Company Pictures to produce the new soap. Filming was to begin in the summer of 2014.

Virgin Media Irelands main soap was Red Rock. It began filming in October 2014 and began airing in January 2015. It aired on Wednesday and Thursday nights at 20:30. It is set in a fictional fishing village in Dublin. The series was partly funded through the licence fee by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, funding up to 18% of costs. The series cost about €4.4million to produce 104 episodes. The series took a break during the summer months. However, in 2017 the channel confirmed this soap would end the finally episodes were spread out between 2018 and late 2019.

                                     

4.10. Irish-produced programming Youth and music programming

When it launched TV3 aired a strand of programming called Gimme 3, targeting 6-12-year-olds between 16:00 to 17:00 and every Sunday from 07:30 to 10:00. It was presented by Hector O hEochagain and Clodagh Freeman. The strand aired programming such as The Ren and Stimpy Show, Conan the Adventurer, Conan and the Young Warriors, The Hot Rod Dogs and Cool Car Cats, Loggerheads, Saltys Lighthouse and The Brothers Flub. Gimme 3 was cancelled in 1999, but cartoons remained on the channel every weekend morning until 2003.

On Saturday mornings the channel aired teenage-skewed programming between 08:00 to 11:00, airing shows such as The Adventures of Pete & Pete, City Guys, One World, Malibu, CA and USA High. Exam Countdown, presented by Ray DArcy, was shown for 4 weeks in 2001at 10:30am on Saturday and Sunday, as it led up to the Leaving Certificate Exams.

On bank holidays and during the December holiday period, TV3 regularly airs films targeting kids and families. In press reports TV3 are expected to launch a childrens channel called 3Kids as part of its digital channels which were expected to launch in 2013. As of August 2013, TV3 has failed to announce a launch date for the channel at its autumn 2013 press call. In June 2016, 3Kids launched as it own programming block initially on 3e before moving to be3 in January 2017 following the launch of the latter.

In 1998, TV3 aired its own version of the pan-European chart music show Pepsi Chart Show which featured live performances from the Top 40 singles chart. It was broadcast mainly in London and was hosted by Sarah OFlaherty. Every Saturday morning at 10:00 and Thursday at midnight, TV3 aired a music video show hosted by Darragh Purcell called Pop on 3 which had a broad music policy. This was later replaced by The Sound Room, also hosted by Darragh Purcell.

In 2001, Dynamite TV aired on Sunday afternoons at 17:00, with repeats on Saturday mornings at 11:00. This show had no presenter or voice-overs, just providing text on screen to go along with the music videos which were mainly Top 40 songs.

In 2003, similar to Video Hits on Australian television, TV3 aired a music video show called Music3 pronounced as "Music Cubed" where viewers selected their favourite music videos from a list shown on 3Text and occasionally on screen. The show aired every night between 01:00 to 04:00 and running from July to December. Viewers were invited to send text messages to the show and to send in requests via a premium rate phone number.

                                     

4.11. Irish-produced programming Factual programming

In early 2008, TV3 made a commitment to producing factual programming. The first major documentary was Me and The Big C, charting peoples struggle with cancer; Inside and Out, a makeover show hosted by Sinead O Carroll; Dirty Money: The Story of the Criminal Assets Bureau, a crime documentary fronted by Paul Williams; and Diary of. which followed six people as they went through life-changing events.

The autumn 2008 schedule continued this trend, with several Irish produced series including Now Then: How the Irish Have Sex ; CCTV Cities with Donal MacIntyre; Living With Murder, presented by Maura Derrane; and Corrupt, examining corruption in Ireland. Crunch Time was a three-part documentary exploring Irelands property crisis.

Many of TV3s factual programming is produced with the assistance of the licence fee through the BCIs Sound and Vision Fund or are produced in house by TV3s News and Information Department. The Cosmetic Surgery Show, which looks at the world of cosmetic surgery, presented by Dr. 90210 and Caroline Morahan, was broadcast in 2009. TV3 introduced Paul Connolly Investigates, a series of investigative journalist documentaries which focuses on crime and deviance in Ireland.

TV3 announced a raft of TV documentaries in 2011 including The Irish of 9/11, The Hospice, Paul Connolly Investigates, Anatomy of a Car Crash, Challenging God, 24 Hours to Kill, The Day the Germans Bombed Dublin, The Rise and Fall of Fianna Fail, Sex Lives, Hen Parties, Paddies in Paradise, Strictly Irish Dancing, Irelands Disco Kids, Dejunk Your Life and Irelands Top Teens.

In 2012 and 2013 TV3 introduced further factual programming including Challenging God, a Vincent Browne-hosted series which questions the validity of God in 21st-century Ireland. New documentary series include The Estate, which looks at life in a low-income neighbourhood; In the Name of the Republic ; Michaela: The Search for Justice ; Sex and the Gaelteact.

As of 2014 the station has a new department Public Affairs and Documentary Unit which will broadcast a weekly investigative series. This took over factual programming from its News and Information Department.

                                     

4.12. Irish-produced programming Lifestyle

  • Life was a new prime time weekly show set to begin airing in February 2015. TV3 had announced Life as a daily half hour to broadcast at 19:30 Monday to Friday. By early 2015, TV3 confirmed the show would not go ahead originally as planned but would broadcast for a short six-week run each Friday from 20:00. Life was expected to be hosted by TV3s Aisling OLoughlin and Sybil Mulcahy, but instead Mulcahy took on the presenting role for the six-week run. As of spring 2015, Mulcahy has confirmed her departure from TV3 taking effect from late summer 2015.
  • In a special upfront event in June 2015, The Great Irish Menu and House Rules would make-up some of the channels autumn/winter schedule. Neither shows were produced.
  • TV3 announced in January 2015 that its afternoon show Late Lunch Live would be dropped in favour of The 7 OClock Show, which will air at 19:00 for an hour Monday to Friday on TV3.
                                     

4.13. Irish-produced programming Daytime

  • The Bold and The Beautiful 1999 –
  • Family Affairs 1998–2007
  • The Young and The Restless 2003 –
  • Sunset Beach 1998 –
  • Breakers 1998–1999
                                     

4.14. Irish-produced programming Prime time

  • EastEnders 1998–2001
  • Emmerdale 2001–2014, 2016 -
  • Hollyoaks 2007
  • The Royal Today 2008
  • Coronation Street 2001–2014, 2016–
                                     

4.15. Irish-produced programming 1998–2001

From the outset TV3 relied heavily on importing programming from other countries. Prior to the channels launch TV3 signed agreements with big US broadcasters to air first rights of Sex and the City, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, JAG, FX, The Net, South Park and Just Shoot Me!. TV3 has also relied on imports from the UK and Australia. In its early days the channel aired two popular UK dramas, Family Affairs broadcast 18 months after Channel 5 and EastEnders broadcast with advertising simultaneously with BBC One, and also the short-lived Australian soap Breakers and the US soap Sunset Beach.

Since 1999, TV3 has a long term agreement with Big Ticket Television to broadcast Judge Judy. New episodes air weekdays at 16:30 and 17:00.

                                     

4.16. Irish-produced programming 2001–2006

In 2000 Granada Television now ITV acquired 45% share in TV3. Under an agreement with Granada many of ITVs programming began to simulcast on TV3 from 2001, such as Coronation Street and Emmerdale both previously aired on RTE One, Bad Girls and Footballers Wives.

TV3 secured a long-term agreement with Harpo Studios from RTE Television to hold the Irish broadcasting rights to The Oprah Winfrey Show until it ceased broadcasting.

                                     

4.17. Irish-produced programming 2006–2009

In 2006, upon ITV selling its share of TV3 to Doughty Hanson, ITV signed a long-term agreement which secured the continued simulcast of key ITV programming such as The Jeremy Kyle Show, The X Factor, Dancing on Ice, Im a Celebrity.Get Me Out of Here! and Britains Got Talent.

Following the cancellation of Family Affairs in June 2007, it was initially replaced by Channel 4s Hollyoaks. Broadcasting the teen soap opera proved very unsuccessful for the channel and it was axed within a month to be replaced by The Royal Today, and after the cancellation of The Royal Today by repeats of the US sitcom Friends.

The Ellen DeGeneres Show airs on both TV3 and 3e under a long-term broadcasting agreement with NBC/Warner Brothers Studios, however the show moved to RTE One in 2017. TV3 also holds an agreement with TLC to broadcast selected programming from its daytime schedule.

                                     

4.18. Irish-produced programming 2009–2014

A number of new shows were added to the TV3 schedule from 2009 to 2014. TV3 signed a distribution deal with ITV, BBC and Fox.

  • Modern Family
  • Over the Rainbow 2010
  • Bondi Rescue 2014; moved to 3e
  • The X Factor US
  • Crisis 2014
  • Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
  • Americas Got Talent
  • American Idol
  • V 2009–2010
  • The Graham Norton Show 2010–2014
  • Broadchurch
  • Come Dine with Me 2010–2013
  • Prime Suspect
  • Downton Abbey 2009–2015
  • Glee 2010–2015
  • Friends 2010–2014

In 2013, it was announced that TV3 would be losing many of its ITV Studios programming to UTV by early 2015. On 6 November 2013, UTV Media announced its plans to launch a new television channel within the Republic of Ireland by January 2015. UTV Ireland serves audiences within the Republic of Ireland along with its existing Northern Ireland service UTV. As part of this announcement UTV Ireland Ltd confirmed it secured Irish broadcasting rights to key programming from ITV Studios Global Entertainment. From early 2015, TV3 withdrew such programming from its existing schedule. Upon announcement of the new channel it was welcomed by TV3 Groups CEO David McRedmond, saying he welcomed the opportunity to reinvest funds previously spent on ITV programming and investing more home grown independent productions.

                                     

4.19. Irish-produced programming 2015–2018

Virgin Media Ireland continue to hold a number of rights to ITV programming not produced or distributed by ITV Studios. The X Factor and Downton Abbey returned to the station in 2015. TV3 aired Nothing to Declare at 19:30 Monday to Friday until February 2015, when it was replaced by Late Lunch Live. Broadchurch aired Monday nights at 22:00.

Judge Judy remains on TV3 and has been its highest rated daytime schedule programme since its inception in 1998. Re-runs of The Jeremy Kyle Show have now ended. Tipping Point is broadcast by the channel.

Late night TV includes re-runs of Law & Order: SVU which has been part of the TV3 schedule since it began.

Prime time programming includes Tipping Point spin off Tipping Point:Lucky Stars, Off Their Rockers, All Star Family Fortune, The Cube and Australian Drama Wentworth Prison.

Virgin Media Ireland has rights to both the UK edition of The X Factor and Got Talent until 2016 with the opportunity to extend. It also holds rights to airing the US version of Got Talent. TV3 has signed a deal with 20th Century Fox to broadcast its new movie releases.

On 29 November 2014 TV3 Group launched its #NewDawn campaign which is part of its rebrand and new schedule for 2015. The campaign was launched with a 90-second and 60-second TV3 promo which aired at 19:45 on TV3. An advert promoting the newly produced drama series Red Rock was also revealed.

TV3 announced in May 2015 that it had acquired the rights to air Big Brother UK and Celebrity Big Brother UK. This marks the first time Big Brother has aired on an Irish TV channel, while being available to more Irish audiences since the show transferred from Channel 4 to Channel 5 in 2011.

                                     

5.1. On-air presentation September 1998 – July 2000

The original logo and design for the channel were devised by Dynamo. In the lead-up to the networks launch, TV3s logo was unveiled during promotion ads on RTE and TG4. The logo consisted of a redesigned number 3. The upper half of the 3 was separated from the lower half; the two halves came together to form two swooshing arches that would form the 3. There were a number of different idents from September 1998 to July 2000 including Bubbles, Camera Lenses, Robot, Umbrella, Fan, Planets, Childrens Toy, Bumper Cars and Roller-Coaster. Each of the idents would end with a girl whispering the word three a number of times.

                                     

5.2. On-air presentation July 2000 – September 2003

In July 2000, TV3 developed new idents. The new idents removed the words TV and three from beneath the stylized 3 logo. The project was directed by Dynamos creative head of broadcast media, Brian Williams. These were TV3s first idents to feature live action – actors would be seen in the background of the logo doing various day-to-day activities with the 3 logo spinning around to reveal itself. In 2001, some of these idents would have characters from Granada TV programming appear in the background, such as characters from Coronation Street, Emmerdale and Heartbeat.

                                     

5.3. On-air presentation September 2003 – March 2006

In September 2003, TV3 again launched a new set of idents. Again, this series of idents consisted of live action scenes. The final scene would see a large swoosh effect in the center of the screen with the 3 logo appearing in the centre of the screen. These idents consisted of outdoor activities such as a walk at the beach, children playing football, children playing, people walking over the Hapenny bridge etc. The presentation package was produced by Bruce Dunlop Associates.

                                     

5.4. On-air presentation March 2006 – January 2009

In March 2006, TV3 took steps to rebrand, as Channel 6 launched in an attempt to become a competitor in the Irish market. These idents consisted of live action scenes often involving the number 3 such as three drops of water into a river. The 3 logo now moved from just the stylized 3 into three circles with the stylized 3 in the last circle. The presentation package was produced by Cleverality.

                                     

5.5. On-air presentation January 2009 – August 2009

In January 2009, TV3 unveiled its new station logo – a simple sans-serif number 3 similar in style to that of TV3s logo. This revamp coincided with the launch of 3e. Officially, the TV3 logo is that of a box with a 3 cut out of the right hand side – this design is used on all news programmes. However, the idents consisted of a set of simple graphical 3s in a domino effect with different colours such as grey, purple and blue. The idents were produced by Image Now. August 2009 – August 2011: Between August 2009 and February 2010 TV3 introduced 8 new idents. The first two idents – known as Orchard and Elevator – launched TV3s live action idents. In September, a third ident entitled Wave was added, followed in October by a fourth ident known as Bridge. An edited version of the Bridge ident to promote the series V, a sixth new ident known as Dog was introduced in November 2009 and in December 2009 the ident snowman was added and in February 2010 the 8th ident was added, bubbles. TV3 has been working with Image Now to create these idents.

                                     

5.6. On-air presentation August 2011 – January 2015

On Monday, 22 August 2011, TV3 revealed a new on-air look. While utilising its existing logo, TV3 revealed new idents which are computer-generated and based around specific themes. The new look idents were designed by Image Now, who have previously worked on the channels branding since 2009.

                                     

5.7. On-air presentation January 2015 – December 2016

On Monday, 5 January 2015, TV3 revealed a new on-air look to coincide with its new programming. Originally the new idents consisted of only two idents. Gradually TV3 added additional idents featuring TV3 presenters. One of the original idents features a neon TV3 logo in a purple room and the second ident features a scene from its new soap Redrock. The slogan We Entertain features heavily on-air and in promos.

                                     

5.8. On-air presentation January 2017 – August 2018

On 6 December 2016, it was announced that TV3, along with 3e and its newly purchased channel UTV Ireland, will receive new logos, idents and new schedules. New Director of Programming Bill Malone announced that TV3 will become a more mature channel. "TV3 will become the premium channel, the grown up channel and 3e will become, well, what TV3 is now".

On 9 January 2017, TV3 Group revealed a new on-air presentation featuring the number 3 superimposed on various natural and urban landscapes across Ireland. A new logo was also revealed along with new promos and on-screen graphics. Similarly, new identities were introduced to 3e and its new station be3.

                                     

5.9. On-air presentation August 2018 – present

On 28 June 2018 it was announced that TV3 will become Virgin Media One, while its sister channels 3e and be3 will become Virgin Media Two and Three respectively. A fourth pay TV sports channel will also become available on the Virgin Media platform, called Virgin Media Sport.

                                     

5.10. On-air presentation Continuity announcers

TV3s continuity is largely pre-recorded unlike its competitor RTE One. Tara Loughrey Grant began as a continuity presenter on TV3 in 1999 and was the voice of TV3 until 2005, where she later moved onto radio and then onto Channel 6 prior to TV3 Group purchasing the channel. She then went onto present RTE Ten from 2008 onward and regularly contributes to RTE Radio and television.

Conor Clear and Andrea Hayes followed as continuity presenters. In 2008, TV3 introduced in-vision continuity links during the 3 Daytime. Hayes began as a guest on the Midday panelist in summer 2013. She also works on Dublins Sunshine FM. Conor Clear also acts as a weather presenter. Clare McKenna is a voiceover artist and has been working for TV3 since 2006. In 2013, McKenna begun a career as television presenting on Ireland AM whilst covering for Anna Daly when she was on her maternity leave. Upon Dalys return McKenna left Ireland AM so she could take up her own maternity leave. McKenna returned to TV3 in late 2014 reprising her role as a voice-over for TV3 promotions.

Daytime in-vision continuity lasted until the end of 2009.

Currently there are 6 announcers across the 3 Channels.

                                     

6.1. Controversies Lack of original programming

In the early years of TV3 many media commentators criticised the lack of original programming on the station. Since 2008 TV3 has increased its production of Irish programming. The view of many commentators such as Stephen Price of The Sunday Times and Tom McGurk of The Sunday Business Post is that TV3 needs to differentiate itself in the growing Irish multi-channel market by making more original programming.

                                     

6.2. Controversies Play TV and Brainbox

Play TV was an interactive phone-in quiz show on TV3: it ran from May 2009 until March 2010.

On 21 September 2009, callers to the Liveline radio show on RTE Radio 1 complained about the phone charges and methods surrounding TV3s late night quiz show Play TV. Host Joe Duffy stated that many of his listeners and callers to the show had not got a satisfactory reply from TV3 in relation to their complaints and hence his reason for this section of his show, and that TV3 was unwilling to be a part of the discussion show having been asked by RTE Radio. Some of the contestants had not been paid their prize money. TV3 advised viewers who played the game to go to RegTel with any complaints.

On 25 September 2009, the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland BAI met to review 20 complaints made to it by individuals in relation to Play TV; 15 were upheld, 1 was rejected, 1 was determined to be invalid and 2 remained under investigation.

In January 2010, the compliance committee of the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland upheld 10 more complaints against TV3. In February the BAI upheld three more complaints.

On 5 March 2010, TV3 announced that Play TVs contract was terminated immediately. In their statement they put the removal of the "infomercial" down purely to audience figures rather than the complaints received and upheld by the BAI. They did not apologise for their conduct.

At the launch of TV3s Autumn 18 August 2010 schedule David McRedmond CEO TV3 was interviewed by The Irish Times. He admitted mistakes had been made but and admitted that Play TV was axed not just due to falling audience figures but also to the bad press and the regulators constant scrutiny of the show. He still refused to apologise to viewers on behalf of TV3, again stating that "it was an essential part of getting us through the recession", regardless of what the BAI called a "misleading and unfair" programme.

Brain Box is an interactive phone-in quiz show on UTV and STV. As part of the Autumn schedule 2010 TV3 announced the re-broadcast of UTVs Brainbox TV show. The show began airing on TV3 on 9 September 2010, just 7 months after the axing of the controversial Play TV. It ceased broadcasting less than a week later.

                                     

6.3. Controversies Health of Brian Lenihan

On Saturday, 26 December 2009, TV3 News announced that it had been informed that the then Minister for Finance Brian Lenihan was suffering from a serious illness. The announcement was made according to TV3 as it was for the public good, but many people were outraged at the way it was announced on TV3.

Senior government sources spoke of "outrage" across the political spectrum at the insensitive content and tone of a news bulletin broadcast, which the station had earlier flagged as a "news story of national importance". However, the stations decision was defended by The Irish Times and the political magazine The Phoenix. The BAI ruled in favour of TV3 in relation to this announcement, rejecting all 14 complaints made against TV3 to the regulator.

TV3 at the time also stated that the bulletin was a normal bulletin that would normally run at 5:30. However TV3 are not known to have produced a news bulletin on St. Stephens Day a bank holiday in Ireland and since 2006 had reduced weekend bulletins to five minutes.

                                     

6.4. Controversies Psychic Readings Live

Psychic Readings Live was a phone-in programme broadcast June–December 2012. It was much criticised for some apparently faked callers and psychics and for playing on the hopes and fears of some viewers. Complaints about it were upheld by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, and it was cancelled in December 2012.

                                     
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