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ⓘ Roman Catholic Diocese of Siret. Since the 13th century, missionaries of the mendicant orders, Franciscans and Dominicans, created several Latin Catholic commun ..




                                     

ⓘ Roman Catholic Diocese of Siret

Since the 13th century, missionaries of the mendicant orders, Franciscans and Dominicans, created several Latin Catholic communities in present Romania, for whom the Holy See decided to created bishoprics, south and east of the Carpathians in Walachia and Moldavia, generally short-lived, like the Diocese of Siret / Seret / Ceretensis Latin adjective, established in 1371.

Catholicism was on the rise among the traditionally Orthodox population due to the political late 14th century context, as the Ottoman advance, nearly encircling the imperial capital Constantinople conquering HAdrianopolis, now Edirne, in 1360), the Byzantine emperors sought a political and hopefully military ally in the Catholic west, which had crusaded against Islam to and in the Middle East before.

Similarly in Moldavia, where Bogdan I obtained virtual independence in 1359 as founding voivode autonomous prince, seeking aid and protection from Poland, welcomed Latin missionaries, Franciscan Friars Minor founding a monastery at Siret in 1340 and Dominicans.

                                     

1. History

Bogdans son and indirect successor Lațcu of Moldavia 1365-1373 invited a delegation from Rome, promising his and the peoples conversion to Catholicism and asked Pope Urban V to send missionaries and erect a Latin diocese in his principalitys capital, Siret. On 24 July 1370 the Pope instructed the archbishop of Prague and bishops of Bratislava and Krakow Cracovia to verify/complete the sincerity of Latcu although his wife remained Orthodox and mandated them to erect such diocese covering the Moldavian state. Pope Gregory XI established it in 1371, exempt i.e. directly subject to theHoly See; Polish Franciscan Andrzej Jastrzebiec was consecrated first Bishop by archbishop Florian of Cracovia. The cathedral, dedicated to John the Baptist, was built by queen Margareth, Catholic kin of the Hungarian royal family, which in 1377 had invited Dominicans to Siret.

However prince Latcu favoring of Catholicism met grave opposition from the Orthodox clergy, while effective Latin converts were concentrated in the north of Moldavia, near Catholic neighbour kingdoms Poland and Hungary. Since 1372, when Andrzej was nominated Apostolic administrator of the Archdiocese of Halyc, probably never returning to Siret, he and his all Polish successors resided more in Poland then in Moldavia. In 1388 prince Petru Peter II "Musat" 1375–1391 transferred the Moldavian voivodes capital from Siret to Suceava, thus contributing to the crisis in the diocese of Siret, now abandoned by both crown and episcopate.

Exempt Bishops of Siret

all Roman Rite

  • Jan I Sartorius 1388 – death 1394
  • Andrzej Jastrzebiec Polish, Friars Minor O.F.M. 1371.05.09 – 1388.03.12, next Bishop of Vilnius Lithuania 1388.03.12 – death 1398.11.14
  • Stefan Martini, Dominican Order O.P. 1394.06.08 – death 1412.01.10, reminded by the Pope he could not celebrate pontifical masses outside his diocese, but in 1396 nominated Auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Cracovia, maintaining his title as Ordinary of Siret.

At the 1412 erection of the Latin Metropolitan Archbishopric of Lviv Lemberg in German, the language of many Catholics; now in Ukraine, Siret became its suffragan no longer exempt.

Suffragan Bishops of Siret
  • Mikolaj Nicholas Venatoris, Augustinians O.E.S.A. 1413.03.05 –?1434
  • In 1413, due to the Western Schism Babylonian exile of Antipopes in Avignon, 1378 to 1417, two rival bishops were appointed
  • Tomasz Grueber 1413.07.31 –?
  • Jan II 1420.09.04 – 1422? - according to a Vatican archive document found by Eubel, who doubts its authenticity
  • Jan III, O.F.M. 1434.01.29 –?.

The diocese of Siret was effectively suppressed, but from circa 1418, the Holy See erected another Moldavian bishopric, the Diocese of Baia, which inherited its territory 1434?.

                                     

2. Sources and external links

  • in Romanian Photo Gallery - Old photos of Siret
  • in Romanian Siret unofficial site
  • in Romanian Siret Town Hall official site
  • in Romanian Suceava County site - Siret web page
Bibliography
  • E. Jean, lemma Ceretum, in Dictionnaire dHistoire et de Geographie ecclesiastiques, vol. XII, Paris 1953, coll. 165-169
  • Emil Dumea, Il cattolicesimo nella Moldavia-Romania nel XVIII secolo, doctoiral dissertation, Rome 1997, pp. 52–55
  • Emil Dumea, Istoria Bisericii Catolice din Moldova, Iași 2005, pp. 32–39
  • Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 182; vol. 2, p. 125
                                     
  • The Roman Catholic Diocese of Iași or Latin: Dioecesis Iassiensis, Romanian: Episcopia Romano - Catolica de Iași, Hungarian: Jaszvasari Egyhazmegye, Polish:
  • when it was made suffragan of the Archbishopric of Lviv Lemberg in German now in Ukraine This Roman Catholic Diocese of Siret started to decline in 1388
  • Ruthenian Catholic Apostolic Administration of Targul - Siret Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church, Byzantine Rite Catholic Church in Romania List of Catholic dioceses
  • The Roman Catholic Diocese of Cumania was a Latin - rite bishopric west of the Siret River in present - day Romania from 1228 to 1241. The lands incorporated
  • territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Lithuania. Established as the Diocese of Vilnius in the 14th century, it was elevated to the rank of a metropolitan
  • The Ruthenian Catholic Apostolic Administration of Targul - Siret was a short - lived 20th century Interbellum permanent Apostolic Administration pre - diocesan
  • The Roman Catholic Diocese of Bacau Polish: diecezja bakowska was a suffragan diocese of the Latin Rite in Moldavia, present Romania Since the 13th
  • short - lived Catholic diocese was created during the reign of Radu I, around the main town of Curtea de Arges 1381 The Moldavian diocese of Siret survived
  • the Catholic Church is administrated by a prelate appointed by the Pope to serve as the ordinary for a specific area. The area is not yet a diocese a
  • from Orthodoxy to the Roman Catholic faith. He also asked the Pope to establish a Roman Catholic diocese at his seat in Siret Historian Deletant says