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ⓘ Meidaizhao Monastery or Meidaizhao Lamasery is a Tibetan Buddhist temple located in Tumed Right Banner, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China. ..



Meidaizhao Monastery
                                     

ⓘ Meidaizhao Monastery

Meidaizhao Monastery or Meidaizhao Lamasery is a Tibetan Buddhist temple located in Tumed Right Banner, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China.

                                     

1. History

After the fall of the Yuan dynasty 1271–1368, the Mongolian went back to the north, historically known as "Northern Yuan dynasty" 1368–1635.

During the Longqing period 1567–1573 of the Ming dynasty 1368–1644, Altan Khan, the leader of a Mongolian tribe named Tumd, was canonized as "King of Shunyi" 顺义王 by the central government of Ming Empire, and then he started to build monastery towns on mountains belongs ti Tumd. In 1575, the first monastery was completed, which was called "Shouling Monastery" 寿灵寺 in the early Qing dynasty 1644–1911 and later was granted a name of "Fuhua Town" 福化城 by the government.

In 1606, Erketu Qatun invited a Tibetan living Buddha named Maitreya Khutukhtu 迈达里 胡图克图 to came to the prairie for preaching and presided over the Buddhism activities in Shouling Monastery. To commemorate Maitreya Khutukhtus achievements, local people changed its name to "Maitreya Monastery" or "Meidaizhao Monastery".

During the Cultural Revolution 1966–1976, a hall was demolished by the Red Guards and the monastery was used as a granary.

In 1996, it was listed among the fourth group of "Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Inner Mongolia" by the State Council of China.

                                     

2. Architecture

Meidaizhao Monastery is a grand temple complex integrating monasteries, mansions and towns. It is a combination of Tibetan, Mongolian and Han Chinese architectural style. The extant buildings include the Taihe Tower 泰和门, Mahavira Hall, Liuli Hall 琉璃殿, Naiqiong Monastery 乃琼庙, Taihou Monastery 太后庙 ; Monastery of the Empress Dowager, Dailai Monastery 达赖庙 ; Monastery of Dalai Lama, Caishen Monastery 财神庙 ; Monastery of the God of Wealth, and etc.

                                     

2.1. Architecture Ancient Wall

The ancient wall is 681-metre 2.234 ft long and about 4-metre 13 ft high.

                                     

2.2. Architecture Mahavira Hall

The Mahavira Hall is situated in the north of the Taihe Tower with double eaves gable and hip roof 重檐歇山顶. It is 43.7-metre 143 ft deep and 23.2-metre 76 ft wide. On the walls are paintings with stories of Sakyamunis becoming Buddha, which are bright in color, fluent in lines and with the style of Tibetan frescos.

                                     

2.3. Architecture Taihou Monastery

The Taihou Monastery 太后庙 ; Monastery of the Empress Dowager is situated in the northeast of the Mahavira Hall with double eaves gable and hip roof 重檐歇山顶. The monastery enshrines a sandalwood pagoda that preserves the ashes of Erketu Qatun, the Empress Dowager of Tumd.

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