ⓘ Bengal roofs. Bengal roof is referred to in the late Mughal and Rajput architecture of Northern India, widely used dome - shaped roof form with the drawn-down c ..

Bengal roofs

ⓘ Bengal roofs

Bengal roof is referred to in the late Mughal and Rajput architecture of Northern India, widely used dome - shaped roof form with the drawn-down corners. According to current knowledge, it can be assumed that stone roofs of this type did not emerge until the 16th century and can be traced back to rural models with straw or Reed roofs in the rainy regions of Bengal.


1. Description

Characteristic features of the Bengal roofs are the broad semidome-like shape of the roof and its runners down in the corners. Several types are distinguished: the do-chala type has only two hanging roof tips on each side of a roof divided in the middle by a ridge-like Ridge; in the rare char-chala type, the two roof halves are fused into one unit and have a dome-like shape; the double-storey at-chala type has twice four = eight roof corners.


2. History

Such roof forms in the early architecture of India, the unknown, and diving for the first time in the 16th century. Century stone buildings in Bengal; as the earliest example sometimes in the Bengali ruined city of Gaur-standing Mausoleum of Fath Khan, the son of a General of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzebs is called, but some Bengali houses are ash, the temple, at least the same age or even a few decades older. Any existing rural buildings with straw or Reed roofs hanging in the corners have not been preserved.


3. Distribution

Two of the first Mogul buildings with echoes of Bengal roof shapes are the two outbuildings of his private palace Khas Mahal built by Shah Jahan around 1635 for two of his daughters in the Red Fort of Agra. A few decades later, his son Aurangzeb, the roof of the pearl mosque Moti Masjid in Red Fort of Delhi in a similar manner. However, especially in the architecture of the Rajput princes and merchants of Rajasthan, this motif is developed to its full flower here, especially the countless jaroka-the roofs of the in 1799, the Palace of the winds Hawa Mahal in Jaipur, and the roofs of the houses of the rich are have to call the merchants havelis in Jaisalmer, Mandawa and elsewhere. Some of the later Memorialpavillons chattris, built in the 18th and 19th centuries, on the incineration sites of the Hindu princes Jaisalmers and their family members, are also covered with such roofs. Similarly, since the 19th century, the builders of many Sikh temples have used this Element as the coronation of their gurdwara-especially Maharaja Ranjit Singh at the Golden Temple of Amritsar.

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