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ⓘ Berthold Type Foundry. H. Berthold AG was one of the largest and most successful type foundries in the world for most of the modern typographic era, making the ..




                                     

ⓘ Berthold Type Foundry

H. Berthold AG was one of the largest and most successful type foundries in the world for most of the modern typographic era, making the transition from foundry type to cold type successfully and only coming to dissolution in the digital type era.

                                     

1. History

Established in 1858 by Hermann Berthold and based in Berlin, the company played a key role in the introduction of major new typefaces and was a successful player in the development of typesetting machines. The production premises were on Wilhelmstrasse No. 1 until 1868, and then on Mehringdamm 43. In 1979 the factory moved to another location between Teltow Canal and Wiesenweg in Lichterfelde.

The H. Berthold foundrys most celebrated family of typefaces is arguably Akzidenz-Grotesk released 1898, an early sans-serif which prefigured by half a century the release of enormously popular neo-grotesque faces such as Helvetica. In 1950, type designer Gunter Gerhard Lange embarked upon a long affiliation with the company, for which he designed various original typefaces, including Concorde and Imago, and oversaw the foundrys revivals of classic faces such as Garamond, Caslon, Baskerville, and Bodoni.

                                     

2. Cold Type

As a typefounder, Berthold had no background in producing cold type machinery until the introduction of the Diatype in 1958.

The Diatype was a relatively small desktop-sized headline-setting device i.e. not intended for continuous justified text, based on a glass disc font master. Character selection was by means of a trigger mounted on the front of the machine giving rise to the colloquial naming of the machine as the "duck-shooter" in the UK at least. When changing font, it was a notable feature of the machine that it required calibration of letter-spacing by the typing of a nonsense character sequence: "Hillimillihirtzheftpflasterentferner". Measuring the width of this word at a specific font size would indicate if the character width and spacing was set correctly.

                                     

3. Digital Type

Diatronic

Berthold Diatronic systems were based on a glass grid master of each font weight, composed on a code-driven system. A marching-character display provided editing capabilities only to the line currently being composed.

Berthold ADS Akzidenz Dialog System

The next incarnation of the Diatronic system was widely adopted in the high-quality ad setting trade in Europe. Its major advantage was fine control of typography thanks to continuously variable optics, allowing fractions of point sizes to be specified. Operator feedback was by means of a green-screen CRT display showing code mnemonics only, it being left to the operator to visualise final output. Keyboard operation was innovative, utilizing many keys with a single legend, such as, etc. System operation was therefore effected by a combination of keys, such as, then to save a file.

                                     

4. Successor Corporations

Beset by financial troubles, H. Berthold AG ceased operations in 1993.

Berthold Types Ltd., a Chicago-based company, one of the companies which claimed to be the copyright owner of Berthold fonts, took over distribution of the Berthold digital type library and has released several new typefaces under the direction of Lange, who had retired in 1990, but served as an artistic consultant to the company until his death in 2008.

Since 2008 Linotype started selling Berthold fonts through its website.

                                     
  • Munich. He worked for the Berthold Type Foundry and then the Weber Type Foundry in Stuttgart. Neil Macmillan 2006 An A - Z of Type Designers. Yale University
  • Munich was a German typographer. He was longtime art director of Berthold Type Foundry and was one of the fathers of font design after 1945. His colleague
  • Berthold Ludwig Wolpe 29 October 1905 5 July 1989 was a German calligrapher, typographer, type designer, book designer and illustrator. He was born
  • the Haas Foundry s other grotesque Franzosische Grotesk as the Akzidenz - Grotesk of Berthold became more popular. This led the Haas Foundry to create
  • grotesque typefaces of the period such as Akzidenz - Grotesk of the Berthold Type Foundry Venus has a minimal, neutral design, with a monoline structure
  • Korinna is a serif typeface, first released by the H. Berthold AG type foundry in 1904. A revival of the typeface was designed in 1974 by Ed Benguiat and
  • Type Archive formerly the Type Museum is a collection of artefacts representing the legacy of type founding in England, whose famous type foundries
  • 20th - century Type Laurence King Publishing. p. 191. ISBN 978 - 1 - 85669 - 351 - 6. LTC Kennerley MyFonts. LTC. Retrieved 27 August 2015. Kennerley BQ Berthold Type
  • than the foundry type versions. Haas Type Foundry produced a version which was then licensed to D. Stempel AG, Amsterdam Type Foundry and Berthold The Bauer
  • Amsterdam Type foundry Capitalizing upon Lettergieterij Amsterdam s substantial financial interest in the Berlin typefoundry H. Berthold AG, de Roos

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