ⓘ Reference ..



Reference is a relationship between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object. The first object in this relation is said to refer to the second object. It is called a name for the second object. The second object, the one to which the first object refers, is called the referent of the first object. A name is usually a phrase or expression, or some other symbolic representation. Its referent may be anything – a material object, a person, an event, an activity, or an abstract concept. References can take on many forms, includ ...


Ask a Librarian

Ask a Librarian is a live virtual reference service that offers online reference assistance to residents in the state of Florida. Ask a Librarian is an official service of the Florida Electronic Library and is administered by the Tampa Bay Library Consortium. Participating libraries provide users with virtual reference services via live chat software, text messaging, and e-mail forms which users can access through embedded links and widgets on their library’s official website. Live chat and text messaging are available from 10:00 a.m. to midnight EST from Sunday through Thursday, and from ...



A citation is a reference to a published or unpublished source. More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears. Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not. References to sin ...


Citation dynamics

Citation dynamics describes the number of references received by the article or other scientific work over time. The citation dynamics is usually described by the bang, that take place 2–3 years after the work has been published, and the burst size spans several orders of magnitude. The presence of bursts is not consistent with other models based on preferential attachment. Those models are able to account for the skewed citation distribution but their reference accumulation is gradual. The dynamics of scientific production has changed significantly over the past years. Due to technologica ...


Citation network

Citation Network is a social network which contains paper sources and linked by co-citation relationships. Egghe & Rousseau once explain "when a document d i cites a document d j, we can show this by an arrow going from the node representing d i to the document representing d j. In this way the documents from a collection D form a directed graph, which is called a citation graph or citation network ".


Citation Style Language

The Citation Style Language is an open XML-based language to describe the formatting of citations and bibliographies. Reference management programs using CSL include Zotero, Mendeley and Papers.


ⓘ Reference

  • Reference is a relationship between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object. The
  • Sports Reference LLC is an American company which operates several sports - related websites, including Baseball - Reference Pro - Football - Reference Basketball
  • In physics, a frame of reference or reference frame consists of an abstract coordinate system and the set of physical reference points that uniquely fix
  • A reference work is a work such as a book or periodical or its electronic equivalent to which one can refer for information. The information is intended
  • Digital reference or virtual reference is a service by which a library reference service is conducted online, and the reference transaction is a computer - mediated
  • Grid references define locations in maps using Cartesian coordinates. Grid lines on maps define the coordinate system, and are numbered to provide a unique
  • In health - related fields, a reference range or reference interval is the range of values that is deemed normal for a physiologic measurement in healthy
  • A spatial reference system SRS or coordinate reference system CRS is a coordinate - based local, regional or global system used to locate geographical
  • Credo Reference or Credo formerly Xrefer is an American company that offers online reference content by subscription and partners with libraries to develop
  • language, a reference is a simple reference datatype that is less powerful but safer than the pointer type inherited from C. The name C reference may cause
  • Reference management software, citation management software, company reference software or personal bibliographic management software is software for scholars

Users also searched: