ⓘ Epistemology ..



Epistemology ; from Greek ἐπιστήμη, epistēmē, meaning knowledge, and -logy) is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge. Epistemology is the study of the nature of knowledge, justification, and the rationality of belief. Much debate in epistemology centers on four areas: 1 the philosophical analysis of the nature of knowledge and how it relates to such concepts as truth, belief, and justification, 2 various problems of skepticism, 3 the sources and scope of knowledge and justified belief, and 4 the criteria for knowledge and justification. Epistemology addresses such ...


Index of epistemology articles

Epistemology or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge. It addresses the questions "What is knowledge?", "How is knowledge acquired?", "What do people know?", "How do we know what we know?", and "Why do we know what we know?". Much of the debate in this field has focused on analyzing the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief, and justification. It also deals with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims. Articles related to epistemology inc ...


A posteriori necessity

A posteriori necessity is a thesis in metaphysics and the philosophy of language, that some statements of which we must acquire knowledge a posteriori are also necessarily true. It challenges previously widespread belief that only a priori knowledge can be necessary. It draws on a number of philosophical concepts such as necessity, the causal theory of reference, rigidity, and the a priori a posteriori distinction. It was first introduced by philosopher Saul Kripke in his 1970 series of lectures at Princeton University. The transcript of these lectures was then compiled and assembled into ...


Abductive reasoning

Abductive reasoning is a form of logical inference which starts with an observation or set of observations and then seeks to find the simplest and most likely explanation for the observations. This process, unlike deductive reasoning, yields a plausible conclusion but does not positively verify it. Abductive conclusions are thus qualified as having a remnant of uncertainty or doubt, which is expressed in retreat terms such as "best available" or "most likely." One can understand abductive reasoning as inference to the best explanation, although not all usages of the terms abduction and inf ...


Ad hoc hypothesis

In science and philosophy, an ad hoc hypothesis is a hypothesis added to a theory in order to save it from being falsified. Often, ad hoc hypothesizing is employed to compensate for anomalies not anticipated by the theory in its unmodified form.


Adaptive representation

Adaptive representation is an extension by Francis Heylighen to Kants theory of knowledge. According to Kant, perception passes by the filters of the mind who observes the phenomena. In this line, there exists in the human mind invariant and a priori principles of experience. As an example, one may have imprinted in the brain a Cartesian representation of space, a notion of time, color separation and others. This may be called "static representation". Heylighen has proposed a revision of these Kantian ideas, in which these principles are not supposed to be invariant and necessary. Instead, ...


ⓘ Epistemology

  • Epistemology ɪˌpɪstɪˈmɒlədʒi listen from Greek ἐπιστήμη, epistēmē, meaning knowledge and - logy is the branch of philosophy concerned with the
  • following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to epistemology Epistemology or theory of knowledge branch of philosophy concerned with the
  • Social epistemology refers to a broad set of approaches that can be taken in the study of knowledge that construes human knowledge as a collective achievement
  • Naturalized epistemology coined by W. V. O. Quine, is a collection of philosophic views concerned with the theory of knowledge that emphasize the role
  • Evolutionary epistemology refers to three distinct topics: 1 the biological evolution of cognitive mechanisms in animals and humans, 2 a theory that
  • Epistemology from Greek ἐπιστήμη  episteme - knowledge, science and λόγος, logos or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy concerned with
  • Feminist epistemology is an examination of epistemology the study of knowledge from a feminist standpoint. Elizabeth S. Anderson describes feminist epistemology
  • philosophy of religion, Reformed epistemology is a school of philosophical thought concerning the nature of knowledge epistemology as it applies to religious
  • Formal epistemology uses formal methods from decision theory, logic, probability theory and computability theory to model and reason about issues of epistemological
  • Android epistemology is an approach to epistemology considering the space of possible machines and their capacities for knowledge, beliefs, attitudes

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